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BearingPoint Interview Preparation Mystery or History? BEARING POINT INTERVIEW AND CULTURE. BearingPoint started at the height of the consulting boom years in the late 1990s, and was a part of term paper subjects KPMG#8217;s worldwide consulting practice. However, after the ENRON scandal erupted, SOX restructured the consulting industry, and BearingPoint battled to find its own way in the world, the firm struggled with its independence from its Big 4 parent. However, today BearingPoint is essays on racism in australia, emerging as a player in the operations and technology scene, especially in school paper, Europe, and has re-established an impressive growth trajectory. Preparing for a BearingPoint interview? Read on to discover interesting nuances of aqa history evacuation culture and competence that are unique to the global consulting firm. BearingPoint Headquarters: Amsterdam, Netherlands. BearingPoint Employees: 3,350.
BearingPoint Locations: 30 Countries, 51 offices. BearingPoint Chief Executive: Bob Hennessy. School Term Paper. BearingPoint Engagement Cost: $300K. BearingPoint#8217;s origins began in 1997 simply as a consulting business unit of KPMG. This consulting business unit focused on essay spm 2014 both technology and management. In January 2000, KPMG made the business unit a separate company. They named it KPMG Consulting, LLC.
On February 8th, 2001, KPMG Consulting, LLC, went public on the NASDAQ starting at $18 per share under the high school term paper subjects ticker #8220;KCIN#8221;. Their IPO was 6 months delayed due to the quickly declining high-tech consulting services market. Shortly after going public, the new KPMG Consulting, LLC management announced their intentions of american education conclusion some aggressive international acquisitions funded by their new IPO. They repurchased $381.3 million in stock from their former partner Cisco Systems and, over the next year and a half, acquired 40 international subsidiaries from Arthur Anderson, who had just collapsed, and the German and Austrian consulting firms of paper KPMG. The acquisitions and stock repurchasing took a large chunk of the $2B raised by the IPO. This was just the start of aqa history evacuation financial and debt problems. On October 2, 2002, after the high term paper subjects Sarbanes-Oxley Act was passed, the company rebranded their name to BearingPoint Inc., and promptly began trading on the New York Stock Exchange under the aqa history evacuation symbol #8220;BE#8221;.
This way, they could avoid any scent of a conflict of interest with KPMG, LLP and maintained a completely separate ownership structure. BearingPoint quickly became one of the school term world#8217;s largest management and term, technology consulting firms with operations in more than 60 countries and employing more than 17,000 employees worldwide. The re-branding campaign cost them $50M a small price to pay for major independence. The Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act was known as the #8220;Public Company Accounting Reform and Investor Protection Act#8221; by the U.S. School. Senate, and #8220;Corporate and evacuation, Auditing Accountability and Responsibility Act#8221; by the U.S. House of school paper subjects Representatives. The United States Federal law set new or enhanced standards for all U.S. public company boards, management and public accounting firms. On Racism In Australia. This allowed for more severe penalties for fraudulent financial activity and high term, required top level management to individually certify the american accuracy of all financial reporting. The law gave a greater oversight role to the board of directors.
This bill was passed in answer to all the financial scandals going on high school paper subjects at the time like those of Enron, Tyco International and others, whose investors lost billions of dollars. One of the key SOX impacts on on criticism consulting was the mandated #8220;ethical wall#8221; that was enacted a firm could not both audit and consult for the same company, because it was considered a major conflict of interest. In 2003, BearingPoint, Inc. was still using the old software from KPMG to handle all of their accounting and school term, human resource functions. This software did not have functionality in line with the internal control requirements of the conclusion SOX Act nor was it intentioned to handle a public company#8217;s needs. BearingPoint was also in the midst of high paper integrating all of its international acquisitions into essays in australia, the old system. In order to comply with the SOX Act before facing penalties they began rolling out their #8220;OneGlobe#8221; system which was to record and keep track of all their contracts worldwide. Unfortunately, in 2004, soon after the rollout of term this new accounting system, complaints began rolling in with issues. In May 2004, BearingPoint reported a valuation decline of 61%.
They tried to essay spm 2014 explain numerous reasons for the decline like difficult European labor laws restricting them from laying off consultants, and that corporate spending on consulting and school paper, technology services were radically dropping. However, their financial issues began following their IPO and the multiple lawsuits that followed from KPMG. Term Paper Economics. Their accounting problems and lawsuits would continue until 2009 when the school term paper U.S. Essay Spm 2014. business unit filed for Chapter 11 Bankruptcy. In August 2009, there was a company management buyout and restructuring. Now, BearingPoint is operated as a Netherlands-based partnership which consisted of school term paper 120 partners in 14 countries throughout Europe. BearingPoint kept its branding and employed 3,500 people in the European region. Peter Mockler and his management team, who had been the EMEA leadership for BearingPoint in essay, 2006, continued to lead BearingPoint.
This leadership has brought much better stability and continuity to the business. Two new partnerships mark the forward movement of the term paper subjects firm in July 2013, Bearing Point opened a new office in term economics, Shanghai, China and in November 2013, Bearing Point and high school paper, Cumbria Financial Services Consulting agreed to a Strategic Consulting Alliance. BearingPoint partners with the major technological suppliers, like Hewlett Packard, IBM, Microsoft, Oracle and SAP, to develop solutions and american education, strategies suiting their clients#8217; requirements. Digital Marketing, Sales Customer Services Enterprise Applications Finance Government, Risk, Compliance Security Human Resources Information Technology Innovation, RD International Development Real Estate Facilities Sourcing Strategy Business Executive Supply Chain Operations Sustainable Development. BearingPoint has 51 offices in 30 different countries across the globe. In a number of countries, BearingPoint#8217;s offices are shared with those of other firms. For example, in all the US locations (except for Dallas), BearingPoint works in partnership with the West Monroe Partners. Shanghai, China Shenzhen, China Jakarta, Indonesia Tokyo, Japan Seoul, Korea Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Singapore Taipei, Taiwan Bangkok, Thailand Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Vienna, Austria Graz, Austria Brussels, Belgium Copenhagen, Denmark Helsinki, Finland Paris, France Berlin, Germany Dusseldorf, Germany Frankfurt, Germany Hamburg, Germany Leipzig, Germany Munich, Germany Stuttgart, Germany Walldorf, Germany Dublin, Ireland Casablanca, Morocco Amsterdam, Netherlands Oslo, Norway Warsaw, Poland Bucharest, Romania Sibiu, Romania Moscow, Russia Stockholm, Sweden London, United Kingdom. Montreal, Canada Toronto, Canada Chicago, IL, United States Columbus, OH, United States Dallas, TX, United States Los Angeles, CA United States Minneapolis, MN, United States New York, NY United States Raleigh-Durham, NC, United States Seattle, WA, United States. Buenos Aires, Argentina Tandil, Argentina Sao Paulo, Brazil Curitiba, Brazil Santiago de Chile, Chile Bogota, Columbia. Business and technology graduates have the opportunity to high term subjects join BearingPoint as analysts. They move on to consultant and then on to senior consultant levels. The BearingPoint management path includes 4 levels starting with manager, leading to senior manager, director and, ultimately, partner. You can speed up your career progression by targeting particular topics that you want to pursue and specialize in essay spm 2014, working in specific industries or practice areas, especially those in school, high demand, can accelerate your career. BearingPoint works with employees to paper craft a mutually beneficial career plan. All new hires start by attending #8220;BearingPoint School.#8221; This is an high term subjects, international training week to learn more about the company and build a personal network within the firm. There are summer internships in Stockholm, Sweden and Oslo, Norway. There are different requirement to apply for internships in either region.
Sweden requires you to be fluent in Scandinavian. Term. This would include Danish, Swedish and Norwegian languages. You will be working on various client engagements and will be on a team of experienced consultants to learn from. It is a young, fast-paced environment seeking interns with great analytical, leadership, creative and social skills. Like its counterparts such as Capgemini and Accenture, exit opportunities from BearingPoint are largely determined by high school subjects the work you complete while inside the firm. If you work in essay conclusion, operations for oil gas, your exit opportunities will fit squarely in that field. If you work with tech or Six Sigma in high term paper, supply chain, you can expect your exit opps to be in line with these core competencies. Don#8217;t expect too much of a global network there isn#8217;t a tremendous amount of brand loyalty (yet) for essay spm 2014, ex-BearingPoint consultants, most likely due to school paper the firm#8217;s unstable 15-year history. Aqa Gcse Writing Coursework Mark Scheme. Most agree that the work/life balance at BearingPoint is great.
It is a very competitive environment that challenges and inspires you to increase your skill set. Lots of excellent training is available and subjects, other co-consultants are very helpful. Bonuses seem to aqa history coursework be infrequent. Most desired more transparency in high subjects, performance plan assessments. The management style greatly varies throughout the on criticism organization and regions. If you#8217;re interested in CSR, check out some interesting initiatives you could get involved in while working at BearingPoint. The firm demonstrates a commitment to subjects social responsibility by essay spm 2014 partnering with the following organizations: The Desertec Industrial Initiative (Dii) created by the non-profit organization Desertec Foundation. BearingPoint is involved in addressing global environmental changes particularly in reference to sustainable energy. Plan International This organization promotes children#8217;s rights. Bearing Point provides pro-bono services and fundraising support in Norway and Switzerland.
Cardiac Risk in subjects, the Young (CRY) Organization providing education, screening and support to those with serious cardiac conditions. Bearing Point provides technical and pro-bono business support in Ireland. They also organize various charity runs and other social events for fundraising efforts. Impetus Trust Their focus is on growing already expansive European and global charity investment ventures. BearingPoint provides pro-bono business and technical support in the UK. Great Ormond Street Hospital BearingPoint UK helps raise funds.
Institut Montaigne BearingPoint participates in this group in France to aqa history coursework specifically focus on European energy policies and the future of management schools. Planete Urgence This organization helps stimulate growth in developing countries. Nos quartiers ont du talent Promote diversity helping young people in disadvantaged areas find employment. The firm#8217;s core values are impressive, but not necessarily expressed organization-wide. In fact, there isn#8217;t a clear #8220;BearingPoint brand#8221; yet but perhaps another $50M investment would be well-utilized in high school term paper subjects, this area? BEARINGPOINT INTERVIEWS AND RECRUITING. Most interviewees we#8217;ve heard from say the process takes 1 week. Depending on where you are located and what level you are interviewing for, however, there may be a more varied process. Otherwise, there are up to paper economics 4 people you will be interviewing with and it may end up being all in one or two days. High Term Subjects. Each level interview can take up to aqa gcse original coursework mark scheme 2.5 hours.
Questions seem to be rather straight forward such as: What was your greatest failure? How did you handle it? We have offices and school, clients all over the world, even in dangerous areas. Scheme. Are you willing to go where needed? What are your 3 primary growth areas?
With such a focus on high school paper subjects consulting fit interview questions, be extra prepared with Hero Stories and details about why BearingPoint is the firm for you. BearingPoint recruits students from the essay spm 2014 top business management schools around the paper subjects world, but has had an inconsistent presence at essay, many due to high school term paper subjects its own internal drama. We can expect more clear partnerships to on racism emerge in high subjects, the future. The one core target school, interestingly enough, is the Yale School of Management. If BearingPoint comes to your school to recruit, let us know!
It#8217;s important to note that in 2009 Deloitte bought the North American public services unit of BearingPoint for $350 million in cash.
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How to Write a Bibliography – Examples in MLA Style. Please note, all entries should be typed double-spaced. High School Term Paper! In order to keep this Web page short,single rather than double space is essay spm 2014 used here. See Bibliography Sample Page for a properly double-spaced Bibliography or Works Cited sample page. Examples cited on this page are based on the authoritative publication from MLA. If the example you want is not included here, please consult the MLA Handbook, or ask the writer to look it up for you. Format for entries: A single space is used after any punctuation mark. When dividing a long word or URL onto two lines, put hyphen, slash, or period at the end of the high school term subjects line.
Do not add a hyphen to a URL that was not originally there. Essay Spm 2014! Never begin a new line with a punctuation mark. Double-space all lines in a bibliography entry. High School Paper Subjects! Do not indent the on racism in australia first line of a bibliography entry, indent second and high term paper subsequent lines 5 spaces, or 1/2? (1.25 cm) from the left margin. Please see Chapter 11. Guidelines on How to Write a Bibliography for details. When writing a bibliography, remember that the purpose is to communicate to the reader, in a standardized manner, the sources that you have used in sufficient detail to be identified. If you are unable to find all the necessary information, just cite what you can find. Click here to see a selection of Common Abbreviations used in aqa gcse coursework scheme, documentation. For a complete list of Common Scholarly Abbreviations used in parentheses, tables, and documentation, please go to Section 7.4 of the 6th edition of the MLA Handbook.
Bell, Stewart. The Martyr’s Oath: The Apprenticeship of a Homegrown Terrorist . Mississauga, ON: Wiley, 2005. Biale, David, ed. Cultures of the Jews: A New History . New York: Schocken, 2002. Bowker, Michael. Fatal Deception: The Untold Story of high school, Asbestos: Why It Is Still Legal. and Still Killing Us . Economics! N.p.: Rodale, 2003. N.p. = No place of publication indicated.
Capodiferro, Alessandra, ed. High School Subjects! Wonders of the World: Masterpieces of Architecture from. 4000 BC to the Present . Essay On Criticism! Vercelli: White Star, 2004. Cross, Charles R. Room Full of Mirrors: A Biography of high paper, Jimi Hendrix . New York: Maltin, Leonard, ed. Movie Video Guide 2002 Edition . New York: New American, 2001. Meidenbauer, Jorg, ed. Discoveries and american essay conclusion Inventions: From Prehistoric to Modern Times . Lisse: Rebo, 2004. Puzo, Mario.
The Family: A Novel . Completed by Carol Gino. New York: Harper, 2001. Rowling, J.K. Harry Potter and the Chamber of school, Secrets . New York: Scholastic, 1999. —. Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Essays On Racism! Thorndike, ME: Thorndike, 2000. Suskind, Ron.
The Price of Loyalty: George W. Bush, the White House, and the Education of. Paul O’Neill . New York: Simon, 2004. If your citation is from one volume of a multivolume work and each volume has its own title, you need cite only the actual volume you have used without reference to other volumes in the work. Example: The Bourgeois Experience: Victoria to Freud comes in high school paper, 5 volumes, written by Peter Gay. (Title of Vol. 1: Education of the Senses ) Gay, Peter. Education of the Senses . New York: Norton, 1999. (Title of Vol. Essays! 2: The Tender Passion)
Gay, Peter. The Tender Passion . New York: Oxford UP, 1986. (Title of Vol. 3: The Cultivation of Hatred ) Gay, Peter. The Cultivation of Hatred . London: Harper, 1994. (Title of Vol. 4: The Naked Heart ) Gay, Peter. The Naked Heart . New York: Norton, 1995. (Title of Vol. 5: Pleasure Wars ) Gay, Peter.
Pleasure Wars . New York: Norton, 1998. 2. Book with two authors or editors: Bohlman, Herbert M., and Mary Jane Dundas. The Legal, Ethical and high school term subjects International. Environment of Business . 5th ed. Cincinnati, OH: West, 2002. Bolman, Lee G., and Terrence E. Deal. Leading with Soul: An Uncommon Journey. of Spirit . Rev. Economics! ed. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2001.
Calvesi, Maurizio, and Lorenzo Canova, eds. Rejoice! 700 Years of high term paper subjects, Art for conclusion, the Papal. Jubilee . New York: Rizzoli, 1999. Cohen, Andrew, and J.L. Granatstein, eds. Trudeau’s Shadow: The Life and school term paper Legacy. of Pierre Elliott Trudeau . Education Conclusion! Toronto: Random, 1998. Heath, Joseph, and Andrew Potter. High School Subjects! The Rebel Sell: Why the Culture Can’t Be Jammed . 2nd ed. Toronto: Harper, 2005.
Llewellyn, Marc, and Lee Mylne. Frommer’s Australia 2005 . Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2005. Summers, Anthony, and Robbyn Swan. Sinatra: The Life . New York: Knopf, 2005. Book prepared for publication by two editors: Shakespeare, William. The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of essay, Denmark . Ed.
Barbara A. Mowat and high term paper subjects Paul Werstine. New York: Washington. 3. Book with three authors or editors: Clancy, Tom, Carl Stiner, and Tony Koltz. Shadow Warriors: Inside the Special.
Forces . New York: Putnam, 2002. Hewitt, Les, Andrew Hewitt, and american education essay Luc d’Abadie. The Power of Focus for College. Students . Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications, 2005. Larsson, Mans O., Alexander Z. High School Term Paper Subjects! Speier, and Jennifer R. Weiss, eds. Let’s Go: Germany 1998 . New York: St.
Martin’s, 1998. Palmer, R.R., Joel Colton, and Lloyd Kramer. Aqa History Evacuation! A History of the Modern World: To 1815 . 9th ed. New York: Knopf, 2002. Suzuki, David, Amanda McConnell, and Maria DeCambra. The Sacred Balance:
A Visual Celebration of Our Place in Nature . Vancouver: Greystone, 2002. 4. Book with more than three authors or editors: You have a choice of listing all of the authors or editors in school term paper subjects, the order as they appear on the title page of the book, or use “et al.” from the Latin et alii, or et aliae , meaning “and others” after the first author or editor named. Nelson, Miriam E., Kristin R. Mark Scheme! Baker, Ronenn Roubenoff, and high paper Lawrence Lindner. Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Perigee, 2003. Nelson, Miriam E., et al.
Strong Women and Men Beat Arthritis . New York: Hogan, David J., et al., eds. Essay Spm 2014! The Holocaust Chronicle: A History in Words and Pictures . Lincolnwood, IL: International, 2000. Pound, Richard W., Richard Dionne, Jay Myers, and James Musson, eds. Canadian. Facts and Dates . 3rd ed. Markham, ON: Fitzhenry, 2005. Pound, Richard W., et al., eds. Canadian Facts and Dates . High School Term Paper Subjects! 3rd ed. Markham, ON:
Rogerson, Holly Deemer, et al. Words for on criticism, Students of English: A Vocabulary. Series for ESL . Vol. Paper! 6. Advanced Level ESL. Pittsburgh, PA: U of Pittsburgh P, 1989. 5. Book with compilers, or compilers and editors: McClay, John B., and Wendy L. Matthews, comps. and eds.
Corpus Juris Humorous: A Compilation of Outrageous, Unusual, Infamous and Witty Judicial Opinions. from 1256 A.D. to the Present . New York: Barnes, 1994. O’Reilly, James, Larry Habegger, and essays Sean O’Reilly, comps. and eds. Danger: True Stories of high school term subjects, Trouble and Survival . San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. Teresa, Mother. The Joy in Loving: A Guide to Daily Living with Mother Teresa . Comp.
Jaya Chaliha and Edward Le Joly. New York: Viking, 1997. Note abbreviation: comp. Evacuation! = compiler or compiled by. 6. Book with no author or editor stated: Maclean’s Canada’s Century: An Illustrated History of the People and Events. That Shaped Our Identity . Toronto: Key, 1999. Microsoft PowerPoint Version 2002 Step by Step . Redmond, WA: Perspection, 2001. The Movie Book . London: Phaidon, 1999. With Scott to the Pole: The Terra Nova Expedition 1910-1913 . Photographs of. Herbert Ponting.
New York: BCL, 2004. 7. Book with one author, translated by another: Muller, Melissa. Anne Frank: The Biography . Trans. Rita and Robert Kimber. New York: Metropolitan, 1998. 8. Work in an anthology, a collection by several authors, with one or more editors and/or compilers: Fox, Charles James. “Liberty Is Order, Liberty Is Strength.” What Is a Man? 3,000 Years of school, Wisdom on the Art of writing mark, Manly Virtue. Ed.
Waller R. Newell. New York: Harper, 2001. High Paper! 306-7. Wilcox, Robert K. “Flying Blind.” Danger: True Stories of Trouble and Survival . Comp. and ed. James O’Reilly, Larry Habegger, and Sean O’Reilly. San Francisco: Travellers’ Tales, 1999. 211-22. 9. Article in an encyclopedia with no author stated: “Nazi Party.” New Encyclopaedia Britannica . 1997 ed. “Tajikistan.” World Book Encyclopedia of People and essay on criticism Places . 2000 ed. 10.
Article in an encyclopedia with an author: If the encyclopedia is well known and articles are arranged alphabetically, it is not necessary to indicate the volume and page numbers. High Term! If the encyclopedia is not well known, you must give full publication information including author, title of article, title of encyclopedia, name of editor or edition, number of volumes in the set, place of publication, publisher and year of publication. Kibby, Michael W. “Dyslexia.” World Book Encyclopedia . 2000 ed. Midge, T. “Powwows.” Encyclopedia of North American Indians . Ed. D.L. Birchfield. 11 vols.
New York: Cavendish, 1997. 11. Article in a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “100 Years of Dust and Glory.” Popular Mechanics Sept. 2001: 70-75. “Celestica to Repair Palm Handhelds.” Globe and Mail [Toronto] 29 Oct. 2002: B6. “E-Money Slips Quietly into Oblivion.” Nikkei Weekly [Tokyo] 22 Jan.
2001: 4. “McDonald’s Declines to Fund Obesity Education on Danger of Eating Its Food.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. Paper Economics! 2006: FP18. “Pot Use Doubled in Decade, Study Says: 14% Smoked Up in the Past Year.” Toronto Star. 25 Nov. 2004: A18. “Secondhand Smoke Reduces Kids’ IQs.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I6.
12. Article in school term, a magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with one or more authors: Use “+” for pages that are not consecutive. Example: When numbering pages, use “38-45” if page numbers are consecutive. Use “A1+” if article begins on page A1, contains more than one page, but paging is not consecutive.
For page numbers consisting of more than 3 digits, use short version if it is clear to the reader, e.g. 220-268 may be written as 220-68, but 349-560 must be written in full. Note also that there is no period after the month. The period in in australia, “Mar.” is for the abbreviation of high school term paper subjects, March. If there are 4 or less letters in the month, e.g. May, June, and July, the aqa gcse coursework mark months are not abbreviated. If the publication date is July 18, 2005, citation will be 18 July 2005. Where a journal or magazine is subjects a weekly publication, “date, month, year” are required. Economics! Where a journal or magazine is a monthly publication, only “month, year” are needed. Where a newspaper title does not indicate the location of publication, add the school term city of publication between square brackets, e.g. Daily Telegraph [London].
Square brackets are used to enclose a word (or words) not found in the original but has been added by american, you. An article in a scholarly journal is treated somewhat differently: Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002): 265. The above citation shows: Author’s name, Article title, Name of scholarly journal (underlined), Volume number, Issue number, Year of publication (in parentheses), and Page number. If the term paper subjects article is accessed online, add Access date and URL at the end, see 23.
Internet citations, or citing electronic sources (e). Bogomolny, Laura. “Boss Your Career.” Canadian Business 13-16 Mar. 2006: 47-49. Cave, Andrew. “Microsoft and Sun Settle Java Battle.” Daily Telegraph [London] Cohen, Stephen S., and J. Aqa Gcse Original Writing Coursework Mark Scheme! Bradford DeLong. “Shaken and Stirred.” Atlantic Monthly. Jan.-Feb. 2005: 112+. Coleman, Isobel. “Women, Islam, and the New Iraq.” Foreign Affairs Jan.-Feb. 2006: 24+.
Daly, Rita. School Term Paper Subjects! “Bird Flu Targeting the Young.” Toronto Star 11 Mar. 2006: A1+. Dareini, Ali Akbar. “Iranian President Defends Country’s Nuclear Ambitions.” Buffalo News. Hewitt, Ben. “Quick Fixes for Everyday Disasters.” Popular Mechanics Nov. 2004: 83-88.
Johnson, Linda A. Economics! “Fight Flu with Good, Old Advice from Mom.” Buffalo News. 10 Oct. 2004: A1-2. Mather, Victoria. “In Tiger Country.” Photos by James Merrell. Town Country Travel. Fall 2004: 102-111. Mohanty, Subhanjoy, and Ray Jayawardhana. “The Mystery of Brown Dwarf Origins.” Scientific American Jan. 2006: 38-45. Petroski, Henry. “Framing Hypothesis: A Cautionary Tale.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb.
Plungis, Jeff, Ed Garsten, and Mark Truby. “Caremakers’ Challenge: Green, Mean. Machines.” Detroit News and high school subjects Free Press Metro ed. 12 Jan. 2003: 1A+. Sachs, Jeffrey D. “A Practical Plan to End Extreme Poverty.” Buffalo News 23 Jan. 2005: I2. Saletan, William. “Junk-Food Jihad.” National Post [Toronto] 18 Apr. 2006: A18. Thomas, Cathy Booth, and Tim Padgett. American Conclusion! “Life Among the Ruins.” Time 19 Sept. 2005: 28+.
Wolanski, Eric, Robert Richmond, Laurence McCook, and Hugh Sweatman. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. Wolanski, Eric, et al. “Mud, Marine Snow and Coral Reefs.” American Scientist. Jan.-Feb. 2003: 44-51. 13. Article from SIRS (Social Issues Resources Series):
Suggested citation example from SIRS: Bluestone, Barry, and Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.” Technology Review Nov.-Dec. 1992: 30-40. Reprinted in WORK . High Term Paper Subjects! (Boca Raton, FL: Social Issues Resource Series, 1992), Article No. 20. Bluestone, Barry, and american education Irving Bluestone. “Workers (and Managers) of the World Unite.”
Technology Review Nov.-Dec. High Term! 1992: 30-40. Work . Ed. Eleanor Goldstein. Vol. 5. Boca Raton: SIRS, 1992. Art. On Racism In Australia! 20. Put in square brackets [ ] important information you have added that is not found in the source cited. Build-a-Bear.
Advertisement. 7 Feb. 2005 http://www.buildabear.com/shop/default.aspx. GEICO. Advertisement. Newsweek 16 Jan. 2006: 92. IBM. Advertisement. Globe and Mail [Toronto] . 29 Oct. 2002: B7. Toyota. Advertisement.
Atlantic Monthly . Jan.-Feb. 2005: 27-30. 15. Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with no author stated: Diabetes Care: Blood Glucose Monitoring . High Term Subjects! Burnaby, BC: LifeScan Canada, 1997. 16.
Booklet, pamphlet, or brochure with an author: Zimmer, Henry B. Canplan: Your Canadian Financial Planning Software . Calgary, AB: May use short forms: Rev. Essay On Criticism! (Review), Ed. High School Subjects! (Edition, Editor, or Edited), Comp. (Compiled, Compiler). Creager, Angela N.H. In Australia! “Crystallizing a Life in Science.” Rev. of Rosalind Franklin: The. Dark Lady of DNA , by Brenda Maddox. American Scientist Jan.-Feb. 2003: 64-66. Dillon, Brenda. High Paper! “Hana’s Suitcase.” Rev. of Hana’s Suitcase , by Karen Levine. Professionally Speaking June 2003: 36. Foley, Margaret. “Measured Deception.” Rev. of The Measure of All Things: The.
Seven-Year Odyssey and Hidden Error That Transformed the World, by Ken Alder. Discover Nov. 2002: 77. Groskop, Viv. “Chinese Torture – at Five.” Rev. of The Binding Chair, by Kathryn. Harrison. International Express 6 June 2000, Canadian ed.: 37. Hoffman, Michael J. “Huck’s Ironic Circle.” Rev. of The Adventures of Huckleberry. Finn , by Mark Twain. Modern Critical Interpretations of Mark Twain’s. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, ed. Harold Bloom.
New York: Chelsea, Iragui, Vicente. Essay Spm 2014! Rev. of Injured Brains of high paper subjects, Medical Minds: Views from Within , comp. and ed. Narinder Kapur. New England Journal of Medicine 26 Feb. 1998: Neier, Aryeh. “Hero.” Rev. of Defending Human Rights in coursework evacuation, Russia: Sergei Kovalyov,
Dissident and Human Rights Commissioner, 1969-2003 , by Emma Gilligan. New York Review of Books 13 Jan. 2005: 30-33. Onstad, Katrina. “A Life of Pain and Paint.” Rev. of Frida , dir. Julie Taymor. National. Post [Toronto] 1 Nov.
2002: PM1+. Redekop, Magdalene. “The Importance of Being Mennonite.” Rev. of A Complicated. Kindness, by Miriam Toews. School Term! Literary Review of Canada Oct. 2004: 19-20. Simic, Charles. “The Image Hunter.” Rev. of Joseph Cornell: Master of Dreams , by. Diane Waldman. New York Review 24 Oct.
2002: 14+. 18. CD-ROM, DVD: See also 35. Tape Recording: Cassette, Movie/Film on original writing mark scheme, VHS or DVD (Digital Videodisc), Videocassette, Filmstrip. A Place in the Sun . High Paper Subjects! Dir. George Stevens. 1951. DVD. Paramount, 2001 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library . CD-ROM.
Microsoft, 2003 . Encarta 2004 Reference Library Win32 . Educ. ed. DVD. Microsoft, 2003. LeBlanc, Susan, and Cameron MacKeen. “Racism and the Landfill.” Chronicle-Herald. 7 Mar. 1992: B1.
CD-ROM. SIRS 1993 Ethnic Groups. Essays On Racism In Australia! Vol. 4. Art. 42. Links 2003: Championship Courses . School Paper! CD-ROM. Microsoft Game Studios, 2002. YellowPages.city: Toronto-Central West Edition , 1998. CD-ROM. Montreal:
19. Computer service – e.g. Essay Spm 2014! BRS, DIALOG, MEAD, etc.: Landler, Mark. “Can U.S. Companies Even Get a Bonjour?” New York Times , Late Ed. – Final Ed., 1. 2 Oct. School Paper Subjects! 1995. DIALOG File 472, item 03072065. When citing a definition from a dictionary, add the essay spm 2014 abbreviation Def. after the word. If the word has several different definitions, state the number and/or letter as indicated in the dictionary. “Mug.” Def. 2. The New Lexicon Webster’s Encyclopedic Dictionary of the.
English Language . Canadian ed. 1988. Short forms may be used, e.g. School Term! dir. (directed by), narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). Essay! A minimal entry should include title, director, distributor, and year of paper, release. May add other information as deemed pertinent between the title and the distributor. If citing a particular person involved in the film or movie, begin with name of that person. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp.
Warner, 2005. Depp, Johnny, perf. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Dir. Tim Burton. Based on book. by Roald Dahl. On Criticism! Warner, 2005. Burton, Tim, dir. Charlie and the Chocolate Factory . Based on book by Roald Dahl. Perf. Johnny Depp.
Warner, 2005. Monster-in-Law . School Subjects! Dir. Robert Luketic. Writ. Anya Kochoff. Essay Spm 2014! Prod. School Term Paper! Paula Weinstein, Chris Bender, and J.C. Spink. Perf. Jennifer Lopez and Jane Fonda. New Line, 2005. Nanny McPhee . Dir. Aqa Gcse Writing Coursework Scheme! Kirk Jones. Based on high paper, Nurse Matilda Books Writ.
Christianna. Brand. Prod. Original Mark Scheme! Lindsay Doran, Tim Bevan, and Eric Fellner. Perf. High School! Emma Thompson, Colin Firth, and Angela Lansbury. Universal, 2005. One Hour Photo . Writ. and dir. Mark Romanek. Prod.
Christine Vachon, Pam Koffler, and Stan Wlodkowski. Perf. Term Economics! Robin Williams. Fox Searchlight, 2002. Titanic . Term! Dir., writ., prod., ed. James Cameron. Prod. Jon Landau. Twentieth. Century Fox and writing coursework mark Paramount, 1997.
The Tuxedo . Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. High Paper! Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002.
Cite government document in the following order if no author is stated: 1) Government, 2) Agency, 3) Title of publication , underlined, 4) Place of aqa history coursework evacuation, publication, 5) Publisher, 6) Date. Canada. Minister of Indian Affairs and Northern Development. Gathering Strength: Canada’s Aboriginal Action Plan . Ottawa: Minister of Public Works and. Government Services Canada, 2000. United States. National Council on Disability.
Carrying on the Good Fight – Summary Paper from term paper subjects Think Tank 2000 – Advancing the Civil and Human. Rights of People with Disabilities from Diverse Cultures . Washington: Note: GPO = Government Printing Office in Washington, DC which publishes most of the U.S. federal government documents. In citing a Congressional Record, abbreviate and underline the term, skip all the writing coursework mark details and indicate only the date and page numbers. Example – for the following record: United States. Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 . PL 104-193.
Congressional Record. Washington: GPO, July 31, 1996. Cong. Rec . 31 July 1996: 104-193. For examples on how to cite more complicated government documents, please see Section 5.6.21 in MLA Handbook for Writers of school, Research Papers, 6th ed. 23. Internet citations, or citing electronic sources:
Basic components of an essay Internet citation: 2) “Title of school, Article, Web page or site” in quotation marks. 3) Title of Magazine, Journal, Newspaper, Newsletter, Book, Encyclopedia, or Project , underlined. 5) Indicate type of material, e.g. advertisement, cartoon, clipart, electronic card, interview, map, online posting, photograph, working paper, etc. Essay Spm 2014! if not obvious. 6) Date of article, of Web page or site creation, revision, posting, last update, or date last modified. 7) Group, association, name of forum, sponsor responsible for school paper subjects, Web page or Web site. 8) Access date (the date you accessed the Web page or site). 9) Complete Uniform Resource Locator (URL) or network address in angle brackets.
Note: An exception is made in referencing a personal e-mail message where an individual’s e-mail address is omitted for privacy reasons. Skip any information that you cannot find anywhere on the Web page or in essay spm 2014, the Web site, and carry on, e.g. if your Internet reference has no author stated, leave out the author and begin your citation with the title. Always put your access date just before the URL which is placed between angle brackets or “less than” and “greater than” signs at the end of the citation. Generally, a minimum of three items are required for an Internet citation: Title, Access Date, and school paper URL. If the URL is too long for a line, divide the address where it creates the least ambiguity and confusion, e.g. do not divide a domain name and end with a period such as geocities . Do not divide a term in the URL that is made up of combined words e.g. SchoolHouseRock . Never add a hyphen at the end of the line to indicate syllabical word division unless the hyphen is actually found in the original URL. Copy capital letters exactly as they appear, do not change them to lower case letters as they may be case sensitive and be treated differently by some browsers. Remember that the essay conclusion purpose of indicating the URL is for readers to be able to access the high term Web page. Accuracy and clarity are essential.
a. Internet citation for an advertisement: IBM. Essay! Advertisement. 23 Mar. 2003 http://www.bharatiyahockey.org/2000Olympics/ TheraTears. Term! Advertisement. 2003. 8 May 2004 http://www.theratears.com/dryeye.htm. b. Internet citation for an article from an online database (e.g. SIRS, eLibrary), study guide, magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, newspaper, online library subscription database service, or an article in term, PDF with one or more authors stated:
Bezlova, Antoaneta. “China to Formalize One-Child Policy.” Asia Times Online . 24 May 2001. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.atimes.com/china/CE24Ad02.html. Clifford, Erin. “Review of Neuropsychology.” SparkNotes . 10 Oct. High! 2005.
Machado, Victoria, and George Kourakos. IT Offshore Outsourcing Practices in Canada . Ottawa: Public Policy Forum, 2004. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ppforum.com/ow/it_outsourcing.pdf. Marshall, Leon. “Mandela in Retirement: Peacemaker without Rest.” 9 Feb. 2001. National Geographic 10 Oct. American Conclusion! 2005 http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/ Thomason, Larisa. “HTML Tip: Why Valid Code Matters.” Webmaster Tips. Newsletter . Dec.
2003. NetMechanic. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.netmechanic.com/ If using an online library subscription database service, add the name of the service, the name of the library or library system, plus the location of the library where the paper subjects database is accessed, e.g.: Gearan, Anne. “Justice Dept: Gun Rights Protected.” Washington Post . 8 May 2002.
SIRS. Iona Catholic Secondary School, Mississauga, ON. 23 Apr. 2004. Note: 8 May 2002 = date of publication, 23 Apr. 2004 = date of access. Indicate page numbers after publication date if available, e.g. 8 May 2002: 12-14. Leave out page numbers if not indicated in source.
Pahl, Greg. “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . 12 Jan. Essays On Racism In Australia! 2003. eLibrary Canada. Twin Lakes Secondary School, Orillia, ON. Paper Subjects! 10 Apr. Term Paper! 2006. Note: If citing the above source but information is obtained from accessing eLibrary at home, leave out the school term paper subjects location of the school. Pahl, Greg. Coursework! “Heat Your Home with Biodiesel”. Mother Earth News . Paper! 12 Jan. 2003.
eLibrary Canada. 10 Apr. 2006. http://www.proquestk12.com. c. Internet citation for an article from an online encyclopedia: Duiker, William J. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encarta Online Encyclopedia . Essays On Racism In Australia! 2005. Microsoft. 10 Oct. 2005. “Ho Chi Minh.” Encyclop?dia Britannica . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica Premium Service.
9 Oct. 2005 http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9040629. “Royal Shakespeare Company (RSC).” Britannica Concise Encyclopedia . 2005. Encyclop?dia Britannica. 8 Oct. 2005 http://concise.britannica.com/ebc/article?eu=402567. d. High Paper! Internet citation for an article from an online magazine, journal, periodical, newsletter, or newspaper with no author stated: “Childcare Industry ‘Should Welcome Men’.” BBC News Online: Education .7 June 2003.
10 Oct. 2005 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/low/education/2971310.stm. “Taiwan: A Dragon Economy and the Abacus.” BrookesNews.Com . On Racism In Australia! 8 Dec. 2003. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.brookesnews.com/030812taiwan.html. e. Internet citation for an article in a scholarly journal:
Nielsen, Laura Beth. “Subtle, Pervasive, Harmful: Racist and Sexist Remarks in. Public as Hate Speech.” Journal of Social Issues 58.2 (2002), 265-280. 7 June 2003. f. Internet citation for a cartoon, chart, clipart, comics, interview, map, painting, photo, sculpture, sound clip, etc.: “Islamic State of Afghanistan: Political Map.” Map. Atlapedia Online . 1993-2003.
Latimer Clarke. 7 June 2003 http://www.atlapedia.com/online/maps/ Kersten, Rick, and Pete Kersten. “Congratulations!” Electronic card. Blue Mountain Arts . 2000. 7 June 2003 http://www.bluemountain.com/ Lee , Lawrence. Interview. JournalismJobs.com . Feb. 2003. 10 Oct.
2005. Schulz, Charles. “Peanuts Collection – Snoopy Cuddling Woodstock.” Cartoon. Art.com . 25 Apr. 2004 http://www.art.com/asp/sp.asp?PD=10037710RFID=814547. “Woodhull, Victoria C.” American History 102 Photo Gallery. 1997. State. Historical Society of Wisconsin.
10 Oct. 2005 http://us.history.wisc.edu/ g. Internet citation for an e-mail (email) from an individual, a listserve, an organization, or citation for an article forwarded from an high term paper online database by e-mail: Barr, Susan I. “The Creatine Quandry.” Bicycling Nov. 1998. EBSCOhost Mailer. E-mail to E. Interior. Essay Conclusion! 11 May 2003. Kenrick, John. School Paper! “Re: Link to Musicals101.com.” E-mail to I. Lee.
10 May 2003. “NEW THIS WEEK for September 8, 2005.” E-mail to author. 8 Sept. 2005. PicoSearch. “Your PicoSearch Account is Reindexed.” E-mail to John Smith. h. Internet citation for an online government publication: Canada. Essay Spm 2014! Office of the Auditor General of Canada and the Treasury Board. Secretariat. Modernizing Accountability Practices in high term paper subjects, the Public Sector . 6 Jan. Term Paper Economics! 1998.
10 Oct. 2005 http://www.tbs-sct.gc.ca/rma/account/ United States. National Archives and Records Administration. The Bill of Rights . 29 Jan. 1998. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.archives.gov/exhibit_hall/ i. Internet citation for an online posting, forum, letter to the editor: Kao, Ivy. “Keep Spreading the high term subjects Word.” Online posting.
4 June 2003. Aqa Gcse Writing Coursework Mark Scheme! Reader Responses, Opinion Journal, Wall Street Journal Editorial Page . 10 Oct. 2005. Seaside Harry . “My Friend Drove My Car with the Parking Brake On!” Online. posting. High School Term Paper! 10 Oct. Coursework Evacuation! 2005. PriusOnline.com Forum Index – Prius – Technical . 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.priusonline.com/viewtopic.php?t=6298highlight=. j. Internet citation for an online project, an information database, a personal or professional Web site:
The MAD Scientist Network . 1995-2001 or 30 Feb. School Paper! 1906. Washington U. School of Medicine. 10 Oct. 2005. http://www.madsci.org. O’Connor, J.J., and E.F. Robertson. “John Wilkins.” Feb. 2002. U of St.
Andrews, Scotland. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/history/ Officer, Lawrence H. “Exchange Rate between the United States Dollar and Forty. Other Countries, 1913 -1999.” Economic History Services, EH.Net, 2002. 13 Apr. 2006 http://www.eh.net/hmit/exchangerates/. Savill, R. Aqa Gcse Writing Coursework Mark! Richard. “Jazz Age Biographies.” The Jazz Age Page . High Term! 23 Oct. 2000. 12 Apr.
2006 http://www.btinternet.com/ Sullivan, Danny. “Search Engine Math.” 26 Oct. Essays In Australia! 2001. Search Engine Watch . 10 Apr. 2006 http://www.searchenginewatch.com/facts/math.html. Wurmser, Meyrav, and Yotam Feldner. “Is Israel Negotiating with the high paper subjects Hamas?”
Inquiry and Analysis No. 16. 23 Mar. Essays On Racism In Australia! 1999. High School! The Middle East Media and. Research Institute. 10 Oct. 2005 http://memri.org/bin/articles.cgi? k. Internet citation for a software download: It is not essential to include the file size.
Do so if preferred by your instructor. RAMeSize . Vers. 1.04. 15K. 24 Sept. 2000. Blue Dice Software. 12 Oct. Term Paper Economics! 2004. l. Internet citation for high paper subjects, a speech taken from a published work with an editor:
Lincoln, Abraham. “The Gettysburg Address.” 19 Nov. Term! 1863. The Collected Works of. Abraham Lincoln . Ed. Roy P. Basler. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers UP, 1955. Subjects! Abraham Lincoln Online. 10 Oct. 2005 http://showcase.netins.net/ m. Essay Spm 2014! Internet citation for a work translated and edited by another:
Augustine, Saint, Bishop of paper subjects, Hippo. Confessions Enchiridion . Trans. and ed. Albert C. Outler. 1955. Dallas, TX: Southern Methodist U. Digitized 1993. 10 Oct. 2005 http://www.ccel.org/a/augustine/confessions/ Blair, Tony. Interview. Original Coursework Mark Scheme! Prime Minister’s Office. High Term Subjects! 31 May 2003.
13 Apr. 2006. Chirac, Jacques. Interview. Time 16 Feb. 2003. American Education Essay! 10 Oct. 2005. Longin, Hellmut. High Term Paper Subjects! Telephone interview. 3 May 2006. Neilsen, Jerry. E-mail interview. 28 Apr. 2006. Wyse, Randall. Personal interview. Essay Spm 2014! 24 July 2005.
State name of speaker, title of lecture in quotes, conference, convention or sponsoring organization if known, location, date. Bradley, Vicki. “Marriage.” Agnes Arnold Hall, U of term paper, Houston. 15 Mar. 2003. Wilson-Smith, Anthony. “Hello, He Must Be Going.” Editorial. Maclean’s 26 Aug. 2002: 4. Lange, Rick. “U.N. American Essay Conclusion! Has Become Ineffective and Ought to Be Disbanded.” Letter. Buffalo.
News 23 Jan. 2005: I5. Woods, Brede M. Letter. Newsweek 23 Sept. 2002: 16. Kolbert, Elizabeth. “Six Billion Short: How Will the Mayor Make Ends Meet?” Letter. New Yorker 13 Jan. 2003: 33-37. Geens, Jennifer. Reply to letter of Bill Clark. Toronto Star 29 Sept.
2002: A1. A letter you received from John Smith: Smith, John. Letter to the author. School Term Paper! 15 June 2005. Twain, Mark. “Banned in Concord.” Letter to on criticism Charles L. Webster. 18 Mar. 1885. Letter 850318 of Mark Twain . High School Term Paper Subjects! Ed. Jim Zwick.
2005. 10 Oct. 2005. Treat citation as if it is a book with no author stated. Indicate if the citation is for a chart or a map. 2004 Andex Chart . Term Paper! Chart. Windsor, ON: Andex, 2004. Canada . Map. Ottawa: Canadian Geographic, 2003. “Dallas TX.” Map.
2005 Road Atlas: USA, Canada, Mexico . School Term Paper Subjects! Greenville, SC: Michelin, 2005. Components: 1) Name of composer. 2) Title of ballet, music or opera, underlined, 3) Form, number and key not underlined. Beethoven, Ludwig van. Fur Elise. Strauss, Richard. Traumerei , op. 9, no. 4. Components for a published score, similar to a book citation: 1) Name of composer. 2) Underline title of ballet, music, opera, as well as no. and op., important words capitalized, prepositions and conjunctions in lower case.
3) Date composition written. 4) Place of publication: 5) Publisher, 6) Date of publication. Chopin, Frederic. Mazurka Op. Paper! 7, No. School Paper! 1 . New York: Fischer, 1918. Ledbetter, Huddie, and John Lomax. Goodnight, Irene . 1936. New York: Spencer, 1950. Stier, Walter C. Sweet Bye and Bye . London: Paxton, 1953. Weber, Carl Maria von.
Invitation to the Dance Op. 65 . 1819. London: Harris, 1933. 29. Essay! Painting, photograph, sculpture, architecture, or other art form. Components for citing original artwork: 1) Name of artist. 2) Title of artwork, underlined. Term Subjects! 3) Date artwork created. Economics! 4) Museum, gallery, or collection where artwork is housed; indicate name of owner if private collection, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Ashoona, Kiawak.
Smiling Family . 1966. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Brancusi, Constantin. The Kiss . 1909. Tomb of T. Rachevskaia, Montparnasse. The Great Sphinx . [c. 2500 BC]. High School Paper Subjects! Giza. Ingres, Jean-Auguste-Dominique. Odalisque . 1814. Louvre Museum, Paris.
Raphael. On Criticism! The School of Athens . 1510-11. Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican Palace, Rude, Francois. La Marseillaise . 1833-36. Arc de Triomphe, Paris. Components for artwork cited from a book: 1) Name of term paper subjects, artist. 2) Underline title of artwork.
3) Date artwork created (if date is uncertain use [c. 1503] meaning [circa 1503] or around the year 1503). 4) Museum, art gallery, or collection where artwork is house, 5) City where museum, gallery, or collection is located. Aqa History! 6) Title of book used. 7) Author or editor of book. School Paper! 8) Place of term, publication: 9) Publisher, 10) Date of publication. 11) Other relevant information, e.g. figure, page, plate, or slide number. Abell, Sam. Japan . 1984. National Geographic Photographs: The Milestones . By Leah Bendavid-Val, et al.
Washington, DC: National Geographic, 1999. Carr, Emily. A Haida Village . [c. 1929]. McMichael Canadian Art Collection, Kleinburg, ON. The McMichael Canadian Art Collection . By Jean Blodgett, et al.
Toronto: McGraw, 1989. 134. Kasebier, Gertrude. The Magic Crystal . [c. 1904]. Royal Photographic Society, Bath. A Basic History of Art . By H.W. Janson and term Anthony F. Janson. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, 1991.
412. Leonardo, da Vinci. Mona Lisa (La Gioconda) . [c. 1503-5]. Louvre Museum, Paris. Favorite Old Master Paintings from the Louvre Museum . New York: Abbeville, 1979. 31. Michelangelo.
David . 1501-04. Aqa History Evacuation! Accademia di Belle Arti, Florence. The Great. Masters . By Giorgio Vasari. Trans. Gaston Du C. de Vere. New York: Park Lane, 1986. 226. Sullivan, Louis.
Wainright Building . 1890-91. St. Louis, MO. A Basic History of high school term paper subjects, Art . By H.W. Janson and Anthony F. Janson. Term Paper Economics! Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice, Tohaku, Deme.
Ko-omote Female Mask . Term Paper! Edo period [1603-1867], Japan. Naprstek. Museum, Prague. The World of Masks . By Erich Herold, et al. Trans. Dusan. Zbavitel. London: Hamlyn, 1992. 207. Vanvitelli, Luigi, and Nicola Salvi. Chapel of american education essay conclusion, St.
John the Baptist . 1742-51. Sao Roque, Lisbon. Term Paper! By Rolf Toman, ed. Baroque: Architecture, Sculpture, Painting . Cologne: Konemann, 1998. 118. Components for a personal photograph: 1) Subject (not underlined or put in quotes). 2) Name of person who took the essay on criticism photograph. 3) Date photograph taken.
War in Iraq: Operation Iraq Freedom on CNN. Personal photograph by author. Great Wall of China, Beijing, China. Personal photograph by high school term subjects, Cassy Wyse. Paper! 28 July 2005. Components: 1) Patent inventor(s) or owner(s). 2) Title of patent. 3) Issuing country and patent number. 4) Date patent was issued. Arbter, Klaus, and Guo-Qing Wei. “Verfahren zur Nachfuhrung eines Stereo-Laparoskope.
in der minimal invasiven Chirurgie.” German Patent 3943917. July 1996. “Conversion of Calcium Compounds into Solid and Gaseous Compounds.” US Patent 5078813. Kamen, Dean L., et al. School! “Transportation Vehicles and essay spm 2014 Methods.” US Patent 5971091. 31. Performance: (ballet, concert, musical, opera, play, theatrical performance) Disney’s The Lion King . High Term! By Roger Allers and Irene Mecchi. Dir.
Julie Taymor. Music and lyrics by Elton John and Tim Rice. Princess of original writing mark, Wales Theatre, Toronto. 9 June 2002. The Hobbit . By J.R.R. Tolkien. Dir. High Paper! Kim Selody. Perf. Herbie Barnes, Michael.
Simpson, and Chris Heyerdahl. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. The Nutcracker . By Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky. Aqa Gcse Original! Chor. and Libretto by James. Kudelka. Cond. Ormsby Wilkins and Uri Mayer. National Ballet of. Canada.
Hummingbird Centre, Toronto. High Paper Subjects! 30 Dec. 1999. Phantom of the Opera . Essay Spm 2014! By Andrew Lloyd Webber. Lyrics by Charles Hart. Dir. High Term! Harold Prince. Based on novel by Gaston Leroux. Pantages Theatre, Toronto.
20 Sept. 1998. The Shanghai Acrobats . By Incredible! Acrobats of China. Living Arts Centre, Mississauga, ON. 4 Mar. 2005. Components: 1) Title of episode, underlined; or in quotes if appropriate.
2) Title of program, underlined. 3) Title of series. Economics! 4) Name of network. 5) Radio station or TV channel call letters, 6) City of local station or channel. 6) Broadcast date. The CFRB Morning Show . By Ted Woloshyn. CFRB Radio, Toronto. 12 Sept. High Paper! 2003. Law and Order . Prod.
Wolf Film, Universal Television. NBC Television Network. WHEC, Rochester, NY. Term Paper! 16 Oct. 2002. “New Threat from Osama?” By Jim Stewart. CBS News . WBEN, Buffalo.
“New York Museum Celebrates Life of Einstein.” By Martha Graybow. Reuters, New York. WBFO, Buffalo. School Paper Subjects! 13 Nov. 2002. “The Nightmare Drug.” By Bob McKeown, Linden MacIntyre, and Hana Gartner. The Fifth Estate . CBC, Toronto. 16 Oct. 2002.
“U.S.: Tape Sounds Like Bin Laden.” AP, Washington, DC. On Your Side . WGRZ-TV, Buffalo. 13 Nov. 2002. 33. Recording – Music CD, LP, magnetic tape: 1) Name of author, composer, singer, or editor. 2) Title of song (in quotation marks).
3) Title of recording (underlined). 4) Publication medium (LP, CD, magnetic tape, etc.). Essay Spm 2014! 5) Edition, release, or version. 6) Place of high school term subjects, publication: Publisher, Date of publication. Aqa History Coursework! If citing from school paper subjects Internet, see Item 23. Backstreet Boys. Larger than Life . Millennium. CD. Exclusive Management by. The Firm, Los Angeles, CA. Mastered by Tom Coyne, Sterling Sound, NYC.
Burch, Marilyn Reesor. Essay! Mosaic . CD. High School Term Paper Subjects! Writ., dir. and prod. In Australia! Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, n.d. Burch, Marilyn Reesor.
Mosaic . CD. Writ., dir. and prod. Marilyn Reesor. Burch. Choirs dir. Don and Catherine Robertson. High Paper Subjects! Barrie, ON: Power. Plant Recording Studio, [c. 1997].
Note: “n.d.” means “no date” available. [c. American Education Conclusion! 1997] means “circa 1997.” McDonald, Michael. No Lookin’ Back . LP. High Term Subjects! Prod. Essays On Racism In Australia! Michael McDonald and. Ted Templeman. Engineered and mixed by R. ThinkPad ACP Patch for ThinkPad 600, 770, and 770E . Diskette. Vers. 1.0.
Tape Recording: Cassette, DVD (Digital Videodisc), Filmstrip, Videocassette. Covey, Stephen R. Living the 7 Habits: Applications and Insights . School Paper Subjects! Cassette. tape recording read by author. New York: Simon, Audio Div., 1995. Ginger . Solid Ground.
Cassette tape recording from album Far Out . Vancouver: Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban . Dir. Alfonso Cuar o n. On Racism In Australia! Based on novel. by J.K. Rowling. Perf. Daniel Radcliffe, Rupert Grint, and Emma Watson. DVD. Warner, 2004. Jane Austen’s Emma . Videocassette. Meridian Broadcasting.
New York: New Video Group, 1996. Kicking Screaming . School Term Paper! Dir. Jesse Dylan. Writ. Leo Benvenuti and Steve Rudnick. Perf. Essay On Criticism! Will Ferrell and Robert Duvall. DVD. Universal, 2005. The Sisterhood of the term paper subjects Traveling Pants . Dir.
Ken Kwapis. Evacuation! Based on novel by. Ann Brashares.Perf. Amber Tamblyn, America Ferrera, Blake Lively, and Alexis Bledel. DVD. Warner, Dungaree, 2005. Super Searching the Web . Videocassette. Lancaster, PA: Classroom Connect,
The Wizard of Oz . Dir. Victor Fleming. Based on book by Lyman Frank Baum. Perf. Judy Garland, Frank Morgan, Ray Bolger, Bert Lahr, Jack Haley,
Billie Burke, Margaret Hamilton, Charley Grapewin, and the Munchkins. MGM, 1939. VHS. Warner, 1999. State author, title of unpublished dissertation or thesis in quotes, label Diss. or MA thesis, name of university, and year. Elmendorf, James. “The Military and the Mall: Society and Culture in Long Beach, California.” BA. thesis.
Hampshire College, 1995. Jackson, Marjorie. “The Oboe: A Study of Its Development and Use.” Diss. Columbia U, 1962.
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35+ Creative Ways to List Job Skills on paper, Your Resume. The competitive climate of the job market has reached a fever pitch in recent years. College degrees are almost as commonplace as high school diplomas, and the pool of aqa history coursework evacuation candidates for any given career is far-reaching. High School Term. To stand out in such an environment, job seekers need to american education essay focus on accentuating their experiences and backgrounds on their resumes. A degree from school term paper, a prestigious university or an impressive roster of past employers can certainly make a good impression on hiring managers, but the american education essay conclusion real test of paper subjects a candidate#39;s fit is how well the person#39;s skills align with the position in american education essay, question. Wendi Weiner, a certified professional resume writer and founder of high school subjects The Writing Guru, noted that a job candidate#39;s skills and relevant knowledge are substantiated by the keywords they choose to use. Industry-specific core skills will enable a job candidate to successfully pass through an applicant tracking system (ATS), which is utilized by [the majority] of companies today to obtain the right candidates, Weiner said. While it#39;s good to have a well-rounded skills section, it#39;s not enough to simply list a string of phrases. Josh Ridgeway, director of american MSP delivery for staffing agency Kavaliro, reminded job seekers that hiring managers want to see concrete examples of those skills in action. [See Related Story: Meaningless Words to paper subjects Delete from Your Resume ] In resumes, you see a skills summary, [which includes] problem solving, excellent customer service, attention to essays on racism detail, etc., Ridgeway told Business News Daily. High School. However, oftentimes, we don#39;t see an explanation of those skills.
If you have #39;problem solving#39; and essays on racism #39;critical thinking#39; in your resume, you should tie those skills into your explanation of job duties and how those specific skills played an important part. The challenge is greater for those who have been laid off or who have been out of work for an extended period of time. High. For these professionals, the task of proving that their skills are relevant can be a little more difficult than it is for other job seekers. Essay Spm 2014. Ford R. High Paper. Myers, a career coach, speaker and author of the book, Get The Job You Want, Even When No One#39;s Hiring (John Wiley Sons, 2009), advised considering transferable skills that you#39;ve gained from paid and unpaid past experiences. Transferable skills acquired during any activity volunteer positions, classes, projects, parenting, hobbies, sports can be applicable to one#39;s next job, Myers said. By adding transferable skills to aqa history coursework evacuation a resume, employers get a better understanding and broader picture of school subjects who they are hiring, as well as the interests, values and economics experiences that the candidate brings to the table. Based on the advice of our expert sources, here are a few broad categories of paper skills your resume could include, along with unique ways to express them. Jobs require teamwork.
There will be constant back-and-forth exchanges with co-workers, and education discussing and sharing ideas with supervisors. Employers will want to know the level ofcommunication skills you have and how well you work with others. The specific required skills will vary based on your position. A sales representative, for instance, would need to highlight customer service and relationship-building experience. On your resume: writes clearly and high term paper concisely; listens attentively; openly expresses ideas, negotiates/resolves differences; provides and asks for feedback; offers well-thought-out solutions; cooperates and term paper economics works well with others; thrives in a collaborative environment. If the job you want involves working on school term, research projects and companywide campaigns, you#39;re going to want to show off your top-notch planning abilities. Organization skills may sound like a trite, overused filler term, but those skills are the ones that will help you succeed.
Show potential employers you#39;ve got what they#39;re looking for by outlining your involvement in, and results from, current and previous projects. On your resume: forecasts/predicts; identifies and gathers appropriate resources; thoroughly researches background information; develops strategies; thinks critically to solve problems; handles details; coordinates and completes tasks; manages projects effectively; meets deadlines; plans and arranges activities; multitasks; creates plans. Leadership skills can be gained in a variety of conventional and unconventional ways, but it#39;s not always easy to express them on a resume. Demonstrating your management abilities on paper requires you to think about what it is coursework you do as a leader and how you guide your employees toward success. To give employers a better idea of what you#39;ve accomplished, discuss the size of the team and the scope of the school projects you manage. On your resume: leads and directs others; teaches/trains/instructs; counsels/coaches; manages conflict; helps team members set and achieve goals; delegates effectively; makes and implements decisions; enforces policies; oversees projects; measures team results. Social media is paper economics one of the most ubiquitous and in-demand skills for jobs in high school, a variety of fields. Education Conclusion. Socially active organizations are more likely to attract top talent, drive new sales leads and better engage other employees and customers, said Amir Zonozi, chief of strategy at social engagement platform Zoomph. Therefore, when employers look for new hires, they#39;re also typically looking for new internal-brand ambassadors.
Zonozi noted that, for positions that directly involve work on corporate social media campaigns, hiring managers love to see concrete numbers and term paper subjects metrics, including Web traffic, audience reach and overall engagement. Even for nonsocial-media-related positions, you can still demonstrate your experience by referencing specific networks and social media management programs you regularly use. On your resume: manages social media campaigns; measures and analyzes campaign results; identifies and connects with industry influencers; sparks social conversation within the essays on racism brand#39;s community; creates and executes content strategies; drives engagement and high school paper leads; enhances brand image through social presence. Additional reporting by essay spm 2014 Nicole Fallon Taylor and high term subjects Jeanette Mulvey. Shannon Gausepohl graduated from Rowan University in 2012 with a degree in journalism. She has worked at a newspaper and in american education, the public relations field, and is currently a staff writer at Business News Daily.
Shannon is a zealous bookworm, has her blue belt in high term paper, Brazilian jiu jitsu, and loves her Blue Heeler mix, Tucker.
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disaster case study Disaster Diplomacy Case Studies. in association with. Case Studies Index. Based on Geographical Region or Specific Disaster. Based on Disaster Type or Issue. Aral and Caspian Seas (Environmental Disasters) (suggested by Michael Glantz)
Information on subjects the history and nature of the severe human-induced environmental problems affecting these two inland seas can be found at: Ascher W. and M. Mirovitskaya (eds.). Essays In Australia. 2000. The Caspian Sea: A Quest for Environmental Security . Proceedings of NATO Advanced Research Workshop held 15-19 March 1999 in Venice, Italy. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Cullen, R. Paper. 1999. The Rise and Fall of the Caspian Sea. National Geographic May 1999.
Glantz, M. (ed.). 1999. Creeping Environmental Problems and Sustainable Development in the Aral Sea Basin . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. Glantz M. and I.S. Zonn (eds.). 1997. Scientific, Environmental and Political Issues in essay spm 2014, the Circum-Caspian Region . High Subjects. Proceedings of education essay conclusion NATO Advanced Research Workshop 950549 held 13-16 May 1996 in Moscow, Russia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands. Stone, R. 1999.
Coming to Grips With the Aral Sea's Grim Legacy. Science , vol. 284, no. 5411 (2 April 1999), pp. 30-33. Although the Aral Sea and the Caspian Sea are two separate case studies, similarities exist and comparing them would be useful to school, establish patterns (or lack thereof) in disaster diplomacy for long-term disasters.
Major obstacles to immediate and essays on racism effective change are the unstable political climate and state rivalries throughout central Asia. Some cooperation amongst the countries affected has been identified, likely because of the school paper subjects, impending, detrimental economic and political impacts. On Racism. Resolution is inhibited by lack of funding, lack of outside interest, and term subjects lack of expertise in dealing with such complex, intertwined environmental and international political problems. Essay. Successes, either in small parts or over school subjects the entire scope of the environmental disasters, have the potential to yield further cooperation or to provide frameworks usable in on racism, the future for resolving regional challenges, including enmity. Armenia Earthquake (suggested by Nick Cater) (7 December 1988 earthquake) This earthquake influenced the glasnost and perestroika processes, started in 1986, because: (a) the Soviet Union admitted they could not cope, which set a precedent; (b) the subjects, Soviet Union let outsiders in to assist, which set a precedent; and.
(c) Gorbachev saw the inadequacies of the original coursework mark scheme, Soviet system and the marked contrast with the much better abilities of outsiders. Furthermore, few rebuilding promises achieved much. School. For example, heavy cranes were brought in to rebuild houses, but more than a decade afterwards, the cranes were still there without houses having been rebuilt. Essay On Criticism. As well, the Red Cross set up a specialised spinal injury institute for the Soviet Union, but when the Soviet Union collapsed, it turned out to high paper, be too big and costly for Armenia to aqa gcse original writing mark scheme, operate. Despite continuing tensions regarding the Falklands, Argentina and high term subjects the Falklands/U.K. Essay. collaborate regarding search-and-rescue activities.
For example, from high school term paper subjects 4-6 November 2004, as part of a series of joint exercises, Argentina and the U.K., with aircraft and vessels from the essay spm 2014, Falklands, collaborated for search and rescue practice held in the South Atlantic Ocean's international waters. Two Regional Rescue Co-ordination Centres exist in the region--Ushuaia, Argentina and Mount Pleasant--so they need to collaborate for emergencies in the area. On 30 January 2004, the Falklands government gave permission for an Argentine Air Ambulance to land in order to evacuate a sick crew member from a fishing boat. Permission was given on humanitarian grounds in that the insurers preferred the term paper subjects, cheaper Argentine aircraft over the usual Chilean medevac company. The sick crew member was flown directly to paper economics, Buenos Aires. Bangladesh Regional Flood Warning System (suggested by John Twigg)
Ahmad, Q.K. and A.U. Ahmed. 2003. Regional Cooperation in school term, Flood Management in essay spm 2014, the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna Region: Bangladesh Perspective. Natural Hazards , vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 181–198. Workshop on Regional Cooperation on Flood Warning, May 4-6, 1995, Dhaka, text from workshop and outcomes (1,084 kb in school term paper, PDF).
Bolivia Floods 2007 (suggested by Ben Wisner) (February-March 2007 floods) Download a compilation of media reports (37 kb in PDF) on the flood's political implications from Ben Wisner. Commentary by Gregory Berger (12 March 2007): I wish to point out two other interesting dynamics of Evo's disaster diplomacy: 1. There is strong regional division in Bolivia that has become more strained since Evo took office--although it is coursework, arguably not his fault, but that of the oligarchy that has launched a vigorous and racist anti-Evo campaign.
Trinidad is part of Beni Department, which, along with Santa Cruz, Tarija, and Pando comprise the Amazon basin Departments of Bolivia. The other Departments are mostly Andean and are comprised of a Quechua and Aymara indigenous majority, and are the base of Evo's support. The flooded lowland areas (including Trinidad) are where most of Bolivia's untapped gas reserves are located and are also home to much of the idle land that Evo is planning to partially redistribute to landless Quechuas and Aymaras. Thus, the local lowland elite have been convincing the local non-indigenous campesino class (as well as the Guarai indigenous population who are non-Andean) that Evo will be stealing their gas and sending hordes of Andean Indians to paper subjects, steal their land. The floods have given Evo a chance to play the hero and undermine his enemy's propaganda.
2. There has been some controversy over the category of emergency that the flood in Trinidad has been classified. Due to a legal technicality in the constitution, if the Federal government calls it a natural disaster it will set back by a couple of essay spm 2014 years Evo's land reform program by temporarily suspending the ability for transfer of land title. So it has been called a natural emergency and Evo's enemies have been quick to accuse him of playing politics with disaster response. Evo's critics, even on the left, contend that he is constructing a spoils system for the constituency of his political party at high subjects the expense of other marginalized segments of the population. This current flood situation may make or break Evo's ability or perceived ability to construct a revolutionary movement that truly beneifts everyone. Some sources on american education the cross-border management of the 1997 Red River floods are: Wachtendorf, T. 1999. A River Runs Through It: Cross Border Interaction During the 1997 Red River Flood . Thesis #11 (Master of Arts in high term, Sociology), Disaster Research Center, University of essays Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (4,085 kb in PDF) posted here with the kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf. Wachtendorf, T. High Term Subjects. 1999. Cross-border Issues in Disaster Response . Preliminary Paper #278, Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (1,074 kb in PDF) posted here with the kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf.
Wachtendorf, T. 2000. Interaction Between Canadian and American Governmental and Non-Governmental Organizations During the Red River Flood of 1997 . Historical Comparative Series #12, Disaster Research Center, University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, U.S.A., full text (4,511 kb in PDF) posted here with the kind permission of Tricia Wachtendorf. Wachtendorf, T. 2000. When disasters defy borders: What we can learn from the Red River flood about transnational disasters. Australian Journal of essay spm 2014 Emergency Management , vol. 15, issue 3, pp.
36-41. Caribbean Disaster Risk Reduction. The Caribbean Region has complex political geography. The complexity arises from the four main languages, the differences in territorial status amongst the European overseas territories, and the loose correlation between geographical position and high school term subjects political/linguistic affiliation. Olson, R.S. and J.P.S.
Prieto. 1995. Guns, Drugs, and on criticism Disaster: Cauca/Huila, Colombia, 1994. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 147-160. UNDP. 2004. School Subjects. Reducing Disaster Risk: A Challenge for Development . Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery, UNDP (United Nations Development Programme), New York, New York, USA.
From page 73: In Colombia, violently opposed local communities in the Department of in australia Meta have worked together to mitigate the impact of floods as a means not only high school paper subjects of protecting livelihoods, but also of building trust and reconciliation. Referenced to UNDP, Cooperation Framework with UNDP Colombia, 2003. Goma Volcano in 2002 (suggested by Ben Wisner) (eruptions started 17 January 2002) Ben Wisner has written a piece for Radix entitled Goma, Congo: City Air Makes Men Free? (57 kb in essays on racism in australia, RTF). This discussion on paper Goma following the eruption of Mount Nyiragongo in January 2002 examines disaster diplomacy beyond the initial, narrow question by querying the wider interactions amongst disaster events and international politics related to aqa gcse original coursework scheme, forced migrants. The questions raised indicate how vulnerabilities must be viewed as dynamic, interactive processes which influence each other and thus cannot be viewed or managed in high term subjects, isolation.
Rassemblement Congolais pour la Democratie (RCD) is the rebel movement which controlled the writing coursework, Goma area during the eruptions of Mount Nyiragongo. On 29 January 2002. Agence France-Presse (AFP) reported that South Africa was sending aid to Goma via Kigali. On the same day, UN OCHA Sitrep no. 11, 29 January 2002 reported that Kinshasa had sent aid to the Goma area via the UN even though RCD was refusing to accept aid directly from Kinshasa. RCD has suspended border fees for school paper subjects, humanitarian organisations until the end of February. On 1 February 2002, the Organization for African Unity (OAU) (now the African Union (AU)) provided US$100,000 for economics, aid. Did any of that money come from high term paper states involved in the conflict?
As of 3 February 2002. it appears as if the countries involved in paper, the conflict are assisting with relief operations through international organisations, but dealing with the disaster as effectively as possible appears to school, be hampered by evacuation the unwillingness of parties to work together. Whether or not the high paper, humanitarian imperative does forge linkages which later prove useful in on criticism, solving the situation, i.e. disaster diplomacy, remains to be seen. Further analysis is required, particularly to determine whether or not providing aid or access for aid is being used in an attempt to high school subjects, further political aims in addition to, or instead of, assisting the aqa history evacuation, affected population. One clear conclusion, as with the other case studies, is that the disaster itself has not immediately created diplomacy for conflict resolution--but it may yet provide an input for school paper subjects, the long-term. On 6 February 2002.
Reliefweb reported that the anti-rebel Mai-Mai militia approached the aqa gcse mark scheme, UN offering a ceasefire and requesting to join the school term paper subjects, DRC peace process. The reason for their sudden interest in peace was not given, but may be a result of regional politics. Illustrating whether or not the essay on criticism, volcanic eruption made any direct or indirect difference, or was irrelevant to their decision, would be a useful analysis. 8 February 2002. Nick Cater writes for Alertnet Congo volcano casts a shadow over relief discussing aspects of the high term paper, international interest in on racism in australia, this disaster: While one volcano will not inspire the comprehensive political and paper subjects developmental effort that the region desperately needs, any attention to central Africa and its challenges is welcome. 15 February 2002. Ben Wisner writes for Alertnet Eruption raises practical and philosophical issues with similar comments to his piece on this site (see the introduction to this case study above). February to April 2002. Original Mark Scheme. The peace process known as the Inter-Congolese Dialogue started in Sun City, South Africa on 26 February 2002. School Paper. The Mai-Mai, who offered peace on 6 February 2002 (see above), were part of the process.
The talks were soon hit by essay spm 2014 stalling tactics and walk-outs. They faltered against school paper a backdrop of sporadic fighting in aqa gcse writing mark scheme, DRC. The negotiations then resumed and were extended beyond their original end date of 11 April 2002. The DRC government signed a peace deal with some rebel groups, but not with RCD-Goma who then formed an school, alliance with civil opposition groups. By the end of April 2002, Mount Nyiragongo had quietened down and was no longer reported as being of concern regarding the conflict. Subsequent events have not displayed any obvious disaster diplomacy connections. Why did disaster diplomacy apparently not work in coursework evacuation, the long-term for the Goma volcano? (22 October to 5 November 1998)
Hurricane Mitch led to devastating floods and landslides across several countries in Central America. The situation following Hurricane Mitch created an opportunity for disaster diplomacy to develop and warrants further investigation. As well, as part of Discrimination in term paper, International Disaster Aid (suggested by George Kent), Manuel Arguello Rodriguez pointed out that, rather the hurricane solving discrimination problems, statements were made that 'campesinos', 'indigenas' and 'negros' in El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Honduras were marginalised during the relief and reconstruction processes. India and essay conclusion the 1966 to high term paper subjects, 1967 Bihar Famine (suggested by Thomas Myhrvold-Hanssen) Thomas Myhrvold-Hanssen has written a piece entitled Democracy, News Media, and Famine Prevention: Amartya Sen and The Bihar Famine of 1966-67 (83 kb in RTF).
This discussion explores the relationship between democracy and famine through a critique of Amartya Sen's suggestion that democracy is the best way of preventing famine. The Bihar famine in India from 1966 to 1967 is used as the main case study, but the famine in Sudan from 1986 to 1989 is also examined. This paper provides insights into essay spm 2014, the relationship between government--particularly democracies--and disaster and indicates possibilities for school paper subjects, the interaction not necessarily achieving what we would expect or hope. Other potential examples of a famine occurring in a democracy are: The USA dust bowl of the 1930s. Was it a famine? Ireland in the 1840s. Essays In Australia. Ireland was part of the U.K. High. which was a democracy, at original mark least comparatively for that era, although perhaps Ireland at that time should be considered a colony rather than part of the democratic state. See also Rubin, O. 2009.
The Merits of Democracy in school, Famine Protection - Fact or Fallacy? European Journal of Development Research , vol. 21, no. 5, pp. 699-717. By George Kent (28 July 2003): Another study on Sen's theory, centered not on the democracy idea but on the entitlements idea is: Lin, J.Y. and D.T. Yang. 2000.
Food Availability, Entitlements and the Chinese Famine of 1959-61. Economic Journal , vol. 110, no. 460 (January), pp. 136-158. I'm not sure Sen said democracy is the BEST way of preventing famine, but he did say it helps, especially where there is a vigorous free press. Essay Spm 2014. The argument below is drawn from Chapter 8 of my forthcoming book The Human Right to Adequate Food . Sen observed there are far fewer famines in democracies: &nnbsp; nbsp;. the high school term subjects, working of democracy and of political rights can even help to prevent famines and other economic disasters. Authoritarian rulers, who are themselves rarely affected by famines (or other such economic calamities), tend to lack the incentive to take timely preventive measures. Democratic governments, in contrast, have to win elections and aqa gcse original coursework mark scheme face public criticism, and have strong incentives to undertake measures to avert famines and other such catastrophes. It is not surprising that no famine has ever taken place in the history of the world in a functioning democracy--be it economically rich (as in contemporary Western Europe or North America) or relatively poor (as in postindependence India, or Botswana, or Zimbabwe). . no substantial famine has ever occurred in a democratic country--no matter how poor.
This is because famines are extremely easy to prevent if the government tries to prevent them, and a government in a multiparty democracy with elections and free media has strong political incentives to undertake famine prevention. nbsp; In democracies, the people hold the government accountable, not only through the press but also through their voting powers and, more generally, through their sustained and high school vigorous participation in public life. The observation apparently correlates with the democratic peace hypothesis, that democracies do not make war on one another, and are much less violent internally than undemocratic nations. While Sen may be correct about democracies having few famines, the argument does not work so well in relation to chronic malnutrition, or as Sen's colleague Hussain calls it, endemic malnutrition: . Essay Conclusion. even an active press, as in India, can be less than effective in moving governments to act decisively against endemic undernutrition and deprivation--as opposed to dramatically visible famines. The quiet persistence of 'regular hunger' kills millions in a slow and non-dramatic way, and this phenomenon has not been much affected, it appears, by media critiques. There is need for an analysis here of what explains the difference. Many factors account for the tendency of the media to emphasize episodic famines rather than chronic malnutrition, including, for example, their tendency to emphasize sudden-onset events over continuing phenomena. However, the major factor undoubtedly is that democracies are not as democratic as we sometimes assume.
Sen has come to acknowledge that there is high subjects, chronic malnutrition in democracies, but it seems he does not associate that with any possible defects in the qualities of their democracy. Societies can be democratic but at the same time highly unequal. Democratic governments are responsive to aqa gcse mark, their people, but they are most responsive to the most powerful of them. These are the constituencies that keep their leaders in power. This pattern is high paper, clearly visible in essay spm 2014, major democracies such as the United States and India. Thus, while Sen is correct in observing that acute famines are virtually nonexistent in democracies, he overlooks the fact that they continue to have extensive chronic malnutrition among their poor. Democratic states may tend to be more equitable in the sense of having less extreme divisions between top and bottom, but all states have substantial inequalities in school subjects, fact. Dreze and Sen speak of the importance of public accountability in making it hard for a government to allow a famine to paper economics, develop.
The unfortunate fact is that in all societies, including democracies, governments tend to be more accountable--more responsive--to those who are more powerful. Term. Those who are politically weak tend to be ignored, except when those who are relatively powerful speak out in their behalf. Democracies such as the United States and aqa history evacuation India do not have famines, but they do have widespread chronic undernutrition. We can explain this, and still save Sen’s concept, by acknowledging that these democracies-as-lived are imperfect. They are not fully egalitarian, but are more responsive to those of their people who are richer and more powerful. There is government accountability to the people, but not uniformly. Democracies have the same flaw as other political systems: they tend to be more responsive to school subjects, those who are powerful than to those who are needy. We see this in their economic systems, their social systems, their educational systems—indeed, in every quarter of original writing scheme society.
Even programs designed for the poor tend to favor the more capable among the poor. This pattern of school term subjects democracy-as-lived may be described as elite democracy, to distinguish it from american education truly egalitarian ideal democracy. Thus we come to an explanation for chronic malnutrition. We can understand the persistent and widespread chronic malnutrition in the world, within countries and internationally, as a concrete manifestation of the persistent and widespread disparities in power in the world. Weaker people have weaker entitlements, and thus will always have a disproportionately small share of the earth’s abundant produce. High School Term Subjects. Some individuals will enjoy meals costing hundreds of dollars, and thus command the labor of many others, and at the same time other individuals will squat before nearly empty rice bowls.
National governments are not very responsive to the weaker segments of their populations. In much the education conclusion, same way, the international community is skewed against the weaker nations of the world. Explicitly stated human rights, affirmed in the law, accompanied by distinct mechanisms of implementation and of accountability, contribute to counterbalancing this bias in social systems. Thus, a well-developed human rights system is not an add-on luxury; it is an integral part of any social system that aspires to be truly egalitarian. It is essential to good governance. 1997-1999 Israel's Ministry of high paper Foreign Affairs (1,084 kb in PDF) summarised Israeli humanitarian relief operations including work in Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Jordan, and Russia.
On 15 November 1999, The Christian Science Monitor publishes an article by Ilene R. Prusher on american essay conclusion the quiet diplomacy consequences of Israeli search-and-rescue teams conducting emergency response operations around the world. 27 March 2007. A sewage flood inundates parts of Gaza City, killing several people. The Israeli army offers to help for search and rescue. Suggestions are made that, after Hamas won the January 2006 elections in Palestine and international aid funding was reduced, this sewage project--and other development projects--were neglected, leading to high term paper subjects, disaster risk reduction concerns which manifested in term economics, this disaster. BBC Reports. May 2010 to October 2011 Israel and Turkey have traditionally been on school friendly terms. On 31 May 2010 in essay, international waters, Israel soldiers boarded a Turkey-linked ship aiming to break Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip. In the resulting fight, several soldiers were wounded and the nine people, all with links to Turkey, on board the ship were killed.
The diplomatic fallout caused severe problems for Israel-Turkey relations. School Term. In November-December 2010, wildfires killed over essays on racism in australia 40 people in northern Israel. Turkey sent assistance, but relations did not improve. Term. On 23 October 2011, hundreds died in an earthquake in coursework evacuation, Eastern Turkey. Turkey initially declined offers of international assistance and then relented, including accepting assistance from Israel on 25 October 2011. No change in Israel-Turkey relations was noticed as a result of either the fires in Israel or the earthquake in Turkey.
Bar-Dayan, Y., P. Beard, D. High Paper. Mankuta, A. Finestone, Y. On Criticism. Wolf, C. Gruzman, Y. Levy, P. Benedek, M. Van Rooyen, and G. High. Martonovits. 2000. An Earthquake Disaster in Turkey: An Overview of the Experience of the Israeli Defence Forces Field Hospital in Adapazari. Disasters , vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 262-270. Beck, A.A.
2015. Building bridges: The role of disaster diplomacy. Crisis Response Journal , vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 42-43. Karp, E., G. Sebbag, J. Peiser, O. Dukhno, A. Ovnat, I. Levy, E. Hyam, A. Blumenfeld, Y. Kluger, D. Simon, and G. Shaked. 2007. Mass casualty incident after the Taba terrorist attack: an organisational and medical challenge. Disasters , vol.
31, no. 1, pp. Essay Spm 2014. 104-112. Schalimtzek, A. and I. Fischhendler. Dividing the cost burden of high school term environmental services: the aqa history, Israeli-Palestinian wastewater regime. Environmental Politics , vol. 18, no. 4, 612-632. Mekong River (suggested by Bastien Affeltranger) Bastien Affeltranger has summarised his work on Floodproof diplomacy?
Data Exchange and Flood Forecasting on the Mekong (112 kb in PDF). This work examines hydrological cooperation on the Mekong River basin, focusing on the production and circulation of hydrological and meteorological data for flood forecasting purposes. Data exchange is considered as a critical component of sound water-related decisions and sustainability of the Mekong River Commission as a basin institution. The research aims to identify the technical and political conditions and constraints to paper subjects, circulating hydrological data in particular. A key consideration is that lack of essay spm 2014 data weakens the institutional capacity (technically and subjects politically) of environmental regimes such as basin organisations.
Research results are also expected to devise incentives likely to foster data exchange at both national and international levels. Greater Mekong Subregion Academic and Research Network (GMSARN) The text is from the GMSARN website (10 December 2011). Mekong River Commission (MRC) The text is from the MRC website (10 December 2011). By Ben Wisner (7 April 2004): Recent flash flooding in term, Rio Pedras, Mexico, across the school term paper, border from Eagle Pass, Texas might be an instance of aqa gcse original coursework mark disaster diplomacy. Within 15 minutes, a tributary of the Rio Grande rose 8 meters. At least 37 people died, many of them elderly. U.S. Border Patrol helicopters were used for search and rescue.
I'm not sure if this was an ad hoc arrangement that was made with impressive speed, cutting through red tape, or whether, as in other, larger border towns, there are some standing arrangements. It's a small example, and also somewhat bittersweet given the number of illegals who die each year trying to cross the border to high school paper subjects, find work in the U.S. (probably at least 200-300 each year). On 24 April 2007, tornadoes killed seven people in Rosita Valley, Texas on the Mexican border. The clean-up was significantly helped by scheme the neighbouring town of Piedras Negras in Mexico which provided several trucks along with personnel, even though Piedras Negras was also hit by the tornadoes and term paper suffered three fatalities. Education. Aside from the cross-border disaster, the disaster diplomacy dimension is poignant because this border area is watching the American federal government build a wall along the frontier in order to keep out immigrants, despite the locals' unhappiness with this policy and the strong cultural connections between both sides of the border. High Term. The Mexican willingness to help their American neighbours, as after Hurricane Katrina, does not appear to have affected, or have been affected by, the policy of the wall. Similarly, the original scheme, policy of the wall is proceeding despite these examples of post-disaster cross-border assistance. On 23 July 2008, Category 2 Hurricane Dolly made landfall in Texas near the school term paper subjects, Mexican border. Aqa History Evacuation. Severe flooding resulted across the region and one person was electrocuted in the border town of Matamoros, Mexico after stepping on high term paper subjects a submerged power line while wading through flood waster. Including some questions from Ben Wisner, this case study would be an excellent opportunity not only to examine differences in all disaster-related activities across a border, but also the extent (or lack thereof) of on racism cooperation across a border which one state, the USA, is trying to school paper subjects, seal even further. In Australia. Did authorities on each side of the border communicate regarding the hurricane?
Were any long-term hurricane disaster risk reduction activities going on? With the numerous personal and family links across the USA-Mexico border in this region, what role did informal networks play? Did response authorities on one side of the border assist on the other side? How has recent USA immigration policy influenced these ties or the locals' willingness and ability to assist each other? Did border control efforts inhibit disaster risk reduction or disaster response in any way?
Given the high school paper subjects, overwhelming response to supporting research after Hurricane Katrina, it is a shame that similar attention is not accorded to this situation which would provide significant insights into cross-border disaster risk reduction and disaster diplomacy at multiple levels. On 20 April 2010, a BP drilling rig in the Gulf of Mexico exploded leading to one of the worst unintentional oil spills in history, up to that time. The U.S.A.'s efforts to contain the spill and to essay, repair the damage took several months, with Mexico amongst the school paper subjects, countries offering assistance. Essay Spm 2014. Then, on 30 June 2010, Hurricane Alex, which had interfered with the clean-up efforts, made its second landfall just south of the Mexico-U.S.A. border as a category 2 storm. Term Paper. Some border towns experienced major flooding. Clifford, R.A. Essay Spm 2014. 1956. The Rio Grande flood; a comparative study of border communities in disaster . School. Publication No. Term Economics. 458, National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
Norman, L.M., H. Huth, L. High School Term Paper. Levick, I.S. Burns, D.P. Guertin, F. Lara-Valencia and D. Semmens. 2010. Flood hazard awareness and hydrologic modelling at Ambos Nogales, United States-Mexico border. Journal of Flood Risk Management , vol.
3, no. 2, pp. 151-165. Olson, R.S. and V.T. Gawronski. 2003. Disasters as Critical Junctures? Managua, Nicaragua 1972 and Mexico City 1985. Aqa History. International Journal of high school paper Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 21, no. Essay Spm 2014. 1, pp.
5-35. Middle East Seismicity. Middle East Regional Cooperation (MERC) The text is from high paper MERC (10 January 2002): Earthquake Hazard Assessments for Building Codes.
The overall aim and specific objective is to produce maps and charts that will provide the necessary seismological data for aqa history coursework evacuation, the implementation of building codes and high term paper subjects regulations in Jordan, Israel, and the Palestinian National Authority. In order to achieve this overall aim we shall conduct studies and surveys to obtain: 1. A unified catalogue of earthquakes. 2. Aqa Gcse Original Writing Coursework Scheme. Update regionalisation of seismogenic zones and assessment of their seismic capabilities. 3. Scaling laws of dynamic source parameters of local and regional earthquakes and attenuation of seismic energy across the region. 4. Implement state of the art procedures for earthquake hazard assessments and testing new approaches (e.g. School Term Subjects. a modification of the aqa gcse original coursework scheme, SEEH (SvE) method). 5. Seismo-engineering characterisation of buildings common in the region. Middle East Seismological Forum (MESF) The text is from MESF (4 December 2011): MESF is a Non-Profit Scientific Cyber Forum that provides a One-Stop Web Source for authoritative earthquake information on the Middle Eastern Region’s seismicity, seismologists and ongoing scientific activities for a better interaction and integration with the international seismological communities. Segalla, S.D.
2012. The 1959 Moroccan oil poisoning and US Cold War disaster diplomacy. The Journal of North African Studies , vol. 17, no. 2, pp. High Term Subjects. 315-336. Segalla, S.D. Aqa Gcse Coursework Mark Scheme. 2016. Natural Disaster, Globalization, and Decolonization: the Case of the 1960 Agadir Earthquake.
Chapter 4, pp. High. 101-127 in P. Lorcin and T. Shepard (eds.), French Mediterraneans: Transnational and Imperial Histories , University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln, Nebraska, U.S.A. Bommer, J. 1985. The politics of disaster - Nicaragua. Essays On Racism In Australia. Disasters , vol. 9, no.
4, pp. Paper. 270-278. de Boer, J.Z. and D.T. Sanders. 2005. The 1972 Managua Earthquake: Catalyst for Revolution. Chapter 10, pp. 221-241 in J.Z. de Boer and D.T. Sanders, Earthquakes in Human History: The Far-Reaching Effects of Seismic Disruptions , Princeton University Press, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.A.
Olson, R.S. and V.T. Gawronski. 2003. Disasters as Critical Junctures? Managua, Nicaragua 1972 and american essay Mexico City 1985. Term Paper. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 5-35. Southeast Asia Regional Haze. Brauer, M. and J. Hisham-Hashim.
1998. Fires in essay on criticism, Indonesia: Crisis and reaction. Environmental Science and Technology , vol. 32, no. 17, pp. Term Paper. 404A-407A. Islam, Md S., Y.H. Aqa Gcse Writing Scheme. Pei, and S. School Paper Subjects. Mangharam. 2016. Trans-Boundary Haze Pollution in Southeast Asia: Sustainability through Plural Environmental Governance.
Sustainability , vol. Essay On Criticism. 8, no. 499, pp. 1-13. Zhang, R., G. Li, J. Fan, D.L. Wu, and M.J. Molina. 2007. High School Paper Subjects. Intensification of Pacific storm track linked to Asian pollution. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , vol. 104, no.
13, pp. 5295-5299. 10 June 2002. Essay Spm 2014. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) signs a pact to high school subjects, jointly combat regional transborder haze. The ASEAN Agreement on aqa history coursework Transboundary Haze Pollution (272 kb in paper, PDF) was accompanied by the following Press Release: ASEAN Signs Agreement to Tackle Haze. Southern Africa and the 2002 to 2003 famine. 31 May 2002. Essays On Racism In Australia. Zimbabwe rejects American GMO food aid.
BBC Coverage. 17 August 2002. Term. Zambia rejects American GMO food aid. BBC Coverage. 21 August 2002. Head of USAID accuses Mugabe of economics causing famine. BBC Coverage. 23 August 2002. WFP wants countries to accept GMO food aid. BBC Coverage.
3 September 2002. High School Subjects. Zambia calls GMO food aid poison. In Australia. BBC Coverage. 6 September 2002. Deal reached for Zimbabwe accepting GMO food aid. BBC Coverage. 8 September 2002. Claims that Zambia will permit GMO food aid to be used to feed Angolan and DRC refugees. Term Subjects. BBC Coverage.
11 September 2002. Zambia denies claims that GMO food aid will be allowed for refugees. American Conclusion. BBC Coverage. 29 October 2002. Zambia again rejects GMO food aid. BBC Coverage. 31 October 2002. USA criticises Zambia over GMO food aid stance. BBC Coverage.
6 November 2002. Zambia asks why aid workers distributed GMO food aid in refugee camps. BBC Coverage. The refusal in August 2002 of Zimbabwe, Zambia, and high term paper subjects Mozambique to accept food aid which contains or might contain genetically modified items raises poignant disaster and development questions. Is it a case of essay spm 2014 exacerbating the short-term/acute disaster of high school term paper subjects famine in order to avert the long-term/chronic disaster of GM crops contaminating local crops? Is it a radical solution to counter issues of poor environmental manipulation, misapplied technocratic solutions, and on criticism Monsanto globalisation, despite the short-term sacrifice required in starvation? Or is it yet another example of an excuse to play politics with food, food as a political weapon, and disaster undiplomacy? From the disaster diplomacy perspective, this disaster does not seem to have affected Mugabe's games. Useful insights might be gleaned from an analysis of the current situation and comparison with Ailsa Holloway's analysis of drought diplomacy in paper, southern Africa. Are there also comparisons with regional water management, including the Mozambique floods, over the past few years and decades?
Back to the current famine, to what extent is the conflict over essay spm 2014 GM aid dominated by donor countries' views that any aid is high term paper, acceptable? USAID's Andrew Natsios seems to take the writing coursework mark, stance that Africa should accept all proffered aid, irrespective of other criteria. High Term Subjects. In interviews, he implied that no right to refuse aid exists and essay it is typical arrogance to assume that what is good for the USA is good for everyone else in the world. I believe that the disaster management community has gone beyond this attitude. Aid and assistance must be socially and culturally acceptable and must be sensitive to the needs of the high term, beneficiary. During the Mt. Pinatubo crisis in 1991, the american education, indigenous Aeta refused Western food and medicine because it was unfamiliar. Many died in camps. Would we insist that meat products be accepted by forced migrants whose religion bans followers from eating them? Or do we still think that we can dump anything on these poor, suffering people and that they should all be eternally grateful for our benevolent generosity?
Perhaps the USA is playing politics with food? Would it be feasible that Monsanto has some influence in the White House? Zambia's response seems reasonable and straightforward: please give us money to buy the ordinary food that people in Zambia eat, or buy it for us on our behalf. Why is USAID not doing so?  nbsp; I am also disappointed by term paper some of the reporting on coursework evacuation this issue, such as claiming that southern Africa is facing severe food shortages caused by erratic rains and floods. Statements that political influences also helped to high paper subjects, cause the aqa history coursework evacuation, disaster are far more appropriate. We must never forget the vulnerability contribution to school term subjects, disaster.
By George Kent (19 August 2002): Ilan raises some very important issues here about the education essay, use of genetically modified foods in humanitarian assistance. There is fault to be found on the part of both the donor government (USA) and the receiving governments (Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe). Both appear to school paper subjects, be engaged in GMO politics while people go hungry. Since the economics, debate over genetically modified foods is still raging, I think the operative principle ought to school paper subjects, be informed choice on the part of the final consumer. That is, the people who are the end users should be free to decide, but on the basis of the essay, best available information. Of course they also should have meaningful choices: the choice should not be between GMO food or nothing, but between GMO foods and non-GMO foods. It is high paper, true that there is an obligation to take account of the preferences and cultural norms of the recipients.
This is clearly indicated in: United Nations Economic and Social Council, Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Paper. Substantive Issues Arising in the Implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: General Comment 12 (Twentieth Session, 1999) The Right to Adequate Food (art. 11) , (Geneva: ECOSOC E/C.12/1999/5). Paragraph 11 speaks of the need to term paper, consider acceptability: Cultural or consumer acceptability implies the need also to on racism in australia, take into account, as far as possible, perceived non nutrient-based values attached to food and subjects food consumption and informed consumer concerns regarding the nature of aqa history evacuation accessible food supplies. However, we must also acknowledge that no single country is obligated to provide any international humanitarian assistance of any kind. The USA could reasonably say we have genetically modified foods to offer, and if you think the needy should have something else, go ahead and give it. There is currently no right, no entitlement of the paper subjects, needy to international humanitarian assistance. The Geneva Conventions do say that food should not be used for political purposes, but nothing says that any specific country must provide food. In an article on The human right to disaster mitigation and relief (2001, Environmental Hazards , vol. 3, pp.
137-138), I argue that we should come to recognise that under some conditions the needy have a right to humanitarian assistance. There have been many examples of questionable foods being provided in international assistance. For example, when wheat is supplied to rice-consuming peoples, there is the suspicion that part of the donor's purpose is to convert the american essay, recipients into bread eaters. Receiving countries generally would prefer to have cash assistance, but they are likely to get more food overall if they accept whatever the donors are interested in pressing on them. I think disaster specialists should focus on the broader question of when and how the needy should be viewed as having a right to assistance, and leave the specific debate over paper subjects genetically modified foods to be resolved by others. Sri Lanka Floods. In May 2003, Sri Lanka was hit by devastating floods, reported as being the worst in 50 years. Several hundred people died and more than 150,000 people were displaced. Despite recent tensions between the Tamil Tigers and the government of on racism Sri Lanka over peace negotiations, the Tigers donated relief supplies. BBC Coverage.
The news story suggests that the significance of the gesture is far more important the high subjects, impact of the actual donation--a classic case of disaster diplomacy. Sri Lanka presumably experienced disasters previously during the in australia, conflict. Did the Tigers assist in any way during such events or did they use disasters to their advantage? If the May 2003 floods are the first case of the Tigers actively assisting Sinhalese areas during a disaster, then further support is provided for the view that disaster can assist but not start diplomatic processes. Otherwise, Sri Lanka might be a good disaster diplomacy case study. Irrespective, the high school paper, provision of aid is significant and is hopefully appreciated. The challenge is to use the gesture to move forward on the peace process rather than other cases where such acts have been quickly forgotten or overridden by paper other issues and events. By Rob Taylor (23 March 2008) posted on Alertnet: Heavy rains in Sri Lanka have killed eight people and affected more than 340,000 others while restricting military gains over rebels in the country's worsening civil war, the military said on Sunday. Unusually heavy torrential rains have caused widespread flooding and term subjects landslides in eastern agricultural and rice-growing areas, as well as in the north where the essay spm 2014, military has launched a fresh offensive against Tamil Tiger rebels. Military spokesman Brigadier Udaya Nanyakkara said the offensive against the Tigers was continuing, but flooding had caused supply bottlenecks.
Autesserre, Severine. 2002. United States 'Humanitarian Diplomacy' in South Sudan. Journal of Humanitarian Assistance , March 2002, full text posted here with permission. Holcombe, A. 1987.
Reaching beyond famine relief: Planning a strategy for rehabilitation and development in subjects, Darfur Region, western Sudan. GeoJournal , vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 11-18. Myhrvold-Hanssen, T. Aqa Gcse Original Coursework. discusses the school term paper subjects, 1986-1989 famine in Sudan and its relationship to democratic government in term paper economics, his paper posted at the case study of India and the 1966 to 1967 Bihar Famine. In December 1999, especially on 16 December, Vargas near Caracas experienced intense rainfall and devastating mudslides, killing approximately 30,000 people. Fassin, D. and P. Vasquez. 2005. High School Paper. Humanitarian exception as the rule: The political theology of the 1999 Tragedia in Venezuela.
American Ethnologist , vol. 32, no. Essay Spm 2014. 3, pp. Paper Subjects. 389-405. Along with more than $7 million in donations collected during the first five days of the disaster--which, according to the local press, bore witness to aqa gcse original, the Venezuelan people's generosity--international contributions were seen as so many 'gestures of friendship' ( El Nacional 1999). The governments of the United States and France were the first to high school term paper subjects, provide aid, followed by the UN Development Programme, the Inter-American Development Bank, and nongovernmental organizations, led by Caritas.
This demonstration of international solidarity with the victims was hardly dented by Chavez's highly symbolic decision to deny U.S. ships berthing rights in Venezuelan waters, in aqa history evacuation, the name of national sovereignty. (p. School Paper. 397). El Nacional . 1999. Solidaridad total. El Nacional , December 21. Section: Editorial, Primera pagina.
In September 2005, Hurricane Katrina struck the USA. Venezuela offered aid which did not garner an official reaction from the USA. Disaster Casualty Identification. Karp, E., G. Sebbag, J. Peiser, O. Dukhno, A. Ovnat, I. Levy, E. Conclusion. Hyam, A. Blumenfeld, Y. Kluger, D. Simon, and G. Shaked. 2007.
Mass casualty incident after the Taba terrorist attack: an organisational and medical challenge. Disasters , vol. Subjects. 31, no. Essay Spm 2014. 1, pp. High School. 104-112. McEntire, D., A.A. Coursework. Sadiq, and school paper subjects K. Gupta. Term Paper Economics. 2012. Unidentified Bodies and paper subjects Mass-Fatality Management in Haiti: A Case Study of the January 2010 Earthquake with a Cross-Cultural Comparison.
International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters , vol. Essay Spm 2014. 30, no. 3, pp. 301-327. Merli, C. and T. Buck. 2015. Forensic identification and identity politics in subjects, 2004 post-tsunami Thailand: Negotiating dissolving boundaries. Human Remains and Violence , vol. 1, no. 1, pp.
3-22. Scanlon, J. 2006. Education Conclusion. Dealing with the Tsunami Dead: Unprecedented International Co-operation. Australian Journal of Emergency Management , vol. 21, no. High School Subjects. 2, pp. 57-61. Solheim, T. and A. Paper Economics. van den Bos. 1982.
International Disaster Identification Report. Investigative and Dental Aspects. American Journal of Forensic Medicine and high school term paper Pathology , vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63-67. van den Bos A. 1980.
Mass identification: A multidisciplinary operation. The Dutch experience. Essay Spm 2014. American Journal of school subjects Forensic Medicine and Pathology , vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 265-270. van den Bos, A. 1981. International Cooperation in Disaster Victim Identification. Journal of the Forensic Science Society , vol. Essay Spm 2014. 21, no.
2, pp. 88 (abstract only). Discrimination in Disaster Aid (suggested by George Kent) Could potential disaster diplomacy outcomes, and their ultimate success or failure, be influenced by the culture, race, ethnicity, or religion of the parties (e.g. countries or political groups) involved? Would successful disaster diplomacy be more likely when the high term subjects, parties are from similar groups, due to empathy? Or could larger differences suggest a more powerful impetus towards overcoming enmity in order to demonstrate a humanitarian imperative in the face of disparity?
One aspect of this issue which could be explored are case studies where racism, sexism, and other biases were evident in american education, the disaster assistance proffered to survivors. India. Following the high subjects, 26 January 2001 earthquake as part of the India/Pakistan case study, allegations were made that aid was withheld from lower castes at the local level because of the view that those people did not deserve to receive any help. Indian Ocean Tsunami 26 December 2004. In Sri Lanka and Aceh, the warring groups accused each other of inhibiting aid operations. Were any differences observed in the amount or type of aid received by countries, due to criteria other than need? If not, what went right? Kosovo. In 1999, Kosovar refugees were treated far better than refugees in aqa history evacuation, Africa were being treated in issues such as food, medical care, and shelter. U.S.A. In 2005, following Hurricane Katrina, suggestions were made that the poor response and relief efforts in the immediate aftermath of the term, disaster were because most of the people who needed assistance were black.
How would the patterns for international disaster aid compare to paper economics, the patterns for school term subjects, domestic disaster aid? Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program. The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program (GSHAP) ran from 1992-1998 to promote a regionally coordinated, homogeneous approach to seismic hazard evaluation. GSHAP examined some test areas in conflict zones including the Caucasus and India-China-Tibet. Examples of Near-Earth Object (NEO) information come from NASA and Spaceguard. Essay. Little is provided on potential disaster diplomacy implications. The International Astronomical Union (IAU) works on international cooperation for astronomy while the United Nations Office For Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) has worked on international cooperation for dealing with NEOs.
International cooperation could form the basis for linkages amongst countries which normally would not consider working together. When political decisions on NEOs must be made--for example related to monitoring NEOs, sharing information, planning for a crisis, preventing an high paper subjects, impact, or responding to an impact--these scientific linkages have the potential for leading to interaction at higher political levels: the spillover mentioned in essay, the Preface to Kelman and Koukis (2000). On 17 February 2007, the United Nations started work on a draft treaty to address the NEO threat. BBC reports. The material on the disaster diplomacy website is provided as only an information source.
Neither definitive advice nor recommendations are implied. Each person or organisation accessing the website is responsible for making their own assessment of the topics discussed and term paper subjects are strongly advised to verify all information. Essay. No liability will be accepted for loss or damage incurred as a result of using the material on high paper subjects this website. The appearance of external links on this website does not constitute endorsement of the organisations, information, products, or services contained on evacuation that external website.