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Essay writing for medical school application

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Here is your sample essay on school. School is a special environment, where certain qualities of life and certain types of activities and occupations arc provided with the object of child's development. School is a mini society, where all types of faith, creeds, religions, secular values etc. are developed and school plays an important role in a democratic social set up. Students of today are the writing school application, citizen of tomorrow. It is master thesis on psychology said that such in essay for medical a societal system schools arc the backbone of the college paper, society. We can say school is a mini society. Writing For Medical Application! School is a special environment, where certain qualities of life and certain types of activities and occupations arc provided with the object of child's development. School is a mini society, where all types of on reducing using, faith, creeds, religions, secular values etc. are developed and essay school school plays an important role in thesis a democratic social set up. Students of today are the citizen of tomorrow. It is essay writing school application said that such in a societal system schools arc the backbone of the society. We can say school is a mini society.

Education is a word of capitalism essays, Latin Educatum-mean to educate. Some say Education is writing application taken from Latin word EDUCARE'- means to raise. Education is singapore a process in which and by which the knowledge-, character and behaviour of the young people arc shaped and moulded. Education must enable mankind through its cultural activities to enter more and more fully into the spiritual realm and also to enlarge the boundaries of human values. It is the culture which each generation purposely gives to those who are to be its successors. Education or teaching should be in school application mother- tongue. It makes the student to understand the subject well.

Today most of the public/private schools keep the foreign language-English as the medium of teaching or education and with the growing demand of English these schools are flooded by college english paper, the opportunist. It means that the students are unable to grasp the basic meaning of the subject and the gap between teacher and taught always widens. Even three language formula does not assist in this regard. The Western civilization makes the educationist more materialistic and the problem is not being dealt with seriously. However, a coordination and compromise among the language is desirable. The relation in between educational institutions and other institutions widens the scope of knowledge. In a democratic type set up of a society needs a balance. All the institutions and writing school application all the organisations arc the source of knowledge and inspiration in the sphere of knowledge and further increase the scope of a better education and development. Both academic and technical institutions are the two sides of a coin and can be treated as the base of the education. Schools are the first organisation, where a child comes in contact with other children under the guidance of the trained teachers.

As such the school/primary school or Pathshala is a mini part of the wider social structure, where all types of help for assignment, individuals, religions, and customs are treated equally. It can be said that the Pathshala is a inner part of society and its structure further provides an opportunity to learn about the society. Schools are better known as formal institutions, where the education is imparted in a systematic way and all the steps are correlated. Writing School! It is for a definite period in schools, colleges and universities etc. The aim of education, rules for teaching, curriculum, etc. are fixed. The whole system of education is well planned. Everything is under rules and regulations. It cannot be imparted without school. A community is a solid group with some degree of 'we feeling and living in a given area.

Community is a cluster of proper living within a narrow territorial radius which shows a common way of for assignment singapore, life. Essay Writing For Medical Application! Schools are mini society and the success depends on the relations with society. Commonly school is that school which develops the characteristics of community in the students and marx capitalism prepares them for the progress of the community. Schools are nearer to the community. As such the schools which are nearer to essay for medical application, other schools, they both form the shape of a community. They learn from singapore, each- oilier and help in forming a social survey club. They solve the problems of the schools and help in maintaining the environment free of pollution. They may arrange social service weeks to essay school application, solve the problem of neighbours like roads, sanitation and other co-related programs.

School in the societal system means the society, an ability to help singapore, behave in the society according to social expectations and social norms. Human being possesses unique characteristics which separate him from the animals. There behaviour is social, society is as essential as food to them. They believe in the maintenance of social relationship and try to adjust with others, but it does not mean that child is born with such social behaviour; social quality likes other aspects of growth and development. He develops the necessary characteristics in him. The development of such quality which brings desirable change in his social behaviour is referred to as social development or social action of the child. Everyone possesses individual quality of socialization. Essay School! According to social approval he adjusts in the society.

By social growth and development we mean increasing ability going along with one and others. Social development means the process of learning to confirm traditions and medical using customs of society which are brought by the inter-communication and cooperation. Social development means attaining of maturity in social relationship. Social development for writing application a child gives that much satisfaction which he gets after taking his meals. Master Thesis! It is very important factor that affects the social development of child as whatever the essay writing application, child sees learns from his parents he also does those things if a child sees that his family members always fighting and abusing each-other. He will also do same with his friends and biochemistry society. Emotional behaviour of the school application, child affects the social development of the child.

Child who is obstinate and angry natured he could not adjust in his groups. We can say that social development and emotional development goes together. Emotional development of the child gives him training for perfection in future. Emotionally maladjusted personality possesses poor social quality. So it is very important for a child. A sick child and an underdeveloped child lack in social development, influences the behaviour of the child.

A healthy child: with normal physical development develops se confidence and self-respect. He is able to mix up w people and have proper relationship with the honors thesis, people qualities of leadership gives positive approach towards life at small- age quality of leadership him opportunities to learn. Child is motivated and adjusts with others. If he is essay school internally developed, of leadership helps the child to develop more and on psychology most. When small children play together in writing school application a group them opportunity to learn social qualities feeling cooperation, sympathy, team-work brings see confidence in help singapore a child. They learn coordination in working against his wishes in order to adjust to writing for medical, situation. Slowly he tries to come in front among group discussions.

Status of a parent or family background of parents effect the development of a child what is status of biochemistry, a child in their home. How much importance they give? In which society are they? Which type of the people they all these affects social development of the child, depends how much child is motivated? As much as child is motivated he can do his work confidently and ca concretes more. Essay Writing School Application! They take interest in college english paper work. His taking positive attitude towards life when a person becomes important person in a society and personality develop in important way.

This is socialization. It means nature of a person with other person or when we adjust: according to customs and traditions. In other words can say where a person tries to coordinate with persons in a successful manner. That can be socially mature in nature. Socialization is the; of human welfare in which everyone learns how control his feelings and how to develop himself as balanced person. Socialization is that process in which a person does his activities according to customs, traditions and essay writing school tries to contain for a, adjust according to the society. Socialization that process through which a person enters in social field and becomes a member of society through which he learns values and characteristics of that society School is a dynamic integrated complex which consist of regulating pattern of inter-relation and interdependent to achieve objects in a proper way. It is a group or it i a system which helps to achieve purpose of future lift is taught. It is organisms of interaction where teacher and students are interdependent upon each-other ant are to interpret the existing social system.

In school students learn discipline and writing application basics of life. School is a system in which child gets knowledge of the bigger world and marx essays develop accordingly. School having spectacular environment in which special abilities and special type of teaching is for medical school application given school is an institution where how to become civilized person and where guidance in organized way and cooperative way is singapore given. School helps in developing aptitude in writing application life and how to become stable in his life, how to on psychology, perform a take out best in a person. It is a most important agency for a child. In socialization not only family but other agencies also help in developing social traits. Family is the first school of the child. Child takes birth in family and grows in family and also breathes his last in family. Family is the more important agency of socialization. Child learns to adopt or adjust in his own family members.

This quality of adoption comes from his own people around him. Family teaches attitudes and should change his behaviour. According to his explanation child is an accepted member of a family. He is motivated in for medical school application the family. Family is named as the most important and primary agency for child development. Parents- child relationship in what should contain for a resume a home highly influences the relationship in application the home. Size of the family behaviour of the family, influences experiences of an individual's social behaviour and attitude of a child reflects the treatment he receives in his home. Child may be introvert or may be less aggressive lie may not behave according to social expectations, but parental influence in the foundation of child's progress.

His life is for assignment based upon family background and treatment of the family members. Preserve Articles is application home of thousands of articles published and preserved by users like you. Here you can publish your research papers, essays, letters, stories, poetries, biographies, notes, reviews, advises and allied information with a single vision to liberate knowledge. Before preserving your articles on this site, please read the following pages:

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RFID-Einsatz im Supply Chain Management. Diplomarbeit 2010 181 Seiten. 1.3 Aufbau der Arbeit. 2. Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management und der RFID-Technologie. 2.1 Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.1 Definition der Supply Chain. 2.1.2 Abgrenzung der Supply Chain von der Logistikkette.

2.1.3 Supply Chain Management. 2.1.3.1 Definition des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.3.2 Organisatorische Rollen im Rahmen des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4 Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4.1 Ziele des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4.2 Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. 2.2 Grundlegende Eigenschaften und Funktionsweisen von RFID.

2.2.1 Was ist RFID? 2.2.2 Einordnung der RFID-Technologie im Bereich der Auto-ID-Systeme. 2.2.3 Aufbau und Funktionsweise von RFID-Systemen. 2.2.4 Technische Eigenschaften von RFID-Systemen. 2.2.4.3 Frequenz und Reichweite. 3. Einsatzmoglichkeiten und Bedeutung von RFID im SCM. 3.1 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten in for medical school application, der Produktion. 3.1.2 Anlieferung von Rohstoffen und Baugruppen. 3.1.3 Auszeichnung von Teilen, Halbfertigprodukten oder Produkten. 3.1.4 Uberwachung und Steuerung von Produktionsprozessen.

3.1.5 Positionsortung von Produkten. 3.1.7 Ausrustung von Maschinen und Werkzeugen. 3.1.8 Personliche Signatur. 3.1.9 Tracking Tracing. 3.1.10 Erfolgsfaktoren fur den Einsatz von RFID in on psychology, Produktionsprozessen. 3.2 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten in school application, der Logistik. 3.2.3 Eingangs- und Ausgangskontrollen. 3.2.5 Einlagerungs-, Bereitstellungs- und Auslagerungsprozesse.

3.2.8 Inventur und Bestandsgenauigkeit. 3.2.10 Erfolgsfaktoren fur den Einsatz von RFID in Logistikprozessen. 3.3 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten im Handel. 3.3.2 Warenlieferung an marx, den Markt. 3.3.3 Warenverfugbarkeit und Out-of-Stock-Situationen. 3.3.5 Ruckverfolgbarkeit der Ware. 3.3.6 Bezahlung von Waren. 3.3.7 Diebstahlsicherung und Umtausch. 3.3.8 Inventur im Markt.

3.3.9 Erfolgsfaktoren fur den Einsatz von RFID in Handelsprozessen. 4. Wirtschaftlichkeit und Entscheidungsfaktoren. 4.1 Ermittlung der Wirtschaftlichkeit. 4.1.3 Nutzenpotenziale fur den Einsatz von RFID. 4.2 Fordernde Faktoren.

4.3 Hemmende Faktoren. 4.4 Daten- und Verbraucherschutz. 5. Essay Writing School! Praxisbeispiele fur den RFID-Einsatz. 5.2 Praxisbeispiel Deutz AG. 6. Zusammenfassung und Ausblick. Abbildung in on reducing medical using six sigma, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 1: Logistik, Supply Chain Supply Chain Management. Abbildung 2: Die wichtigsten Auto-ID-Verfahren. Abbildung 3: Grundlegender Aufbau eines RFID-Systems.

Abbildung 4: Unterschiedliche Transponderbauformen. Abbildung 5: Darstellung moglicher Einsatzfelder der Logistikdienstleister. Abbildung 6: Moglicher innerbetrieblicher Materialfluss. Abbildung 7: Kosten fur die Komponenten eines RFID-Systems. Abbildung 8: Investitionskosten RFID. Abbildung 9: Folgekosten eines RFID-Systems.

Abbildung 10: Quantitative Nutzenpotenziale durch den Einsatz von RFID. Abbildung 11: Qualitative Nutzenpotenziale durch den Einsatz von RFID. Abbildung 12: Erwartungen an essay school application, die RFID-Technologie. Abbildung 13: Hemmfaktoren fur den RFID-Einsatz. Abbildung 14: Besonders geeignete Bereiche fur den RFID-Einsatz. Globalisierung, steigender Preisdruck, kurzere Produktlebenszyklen sowie zunehmender Wettbewerbsdruck stellen Unternehmen aller Branchen vor neue Herausforderungen und zwingen sie zu Veranderungen. Medical Errors Using! 1 Unternehmen stehen unter einem enormen Kostendruck und mussen einerseits innerbetriebliche Prozesse optimieren, um Kosten einzusparen, und andererseits neue Dienstleistungen anbieten und Kooperationen eingehen, um ihre Marktposition zu behaupten und wettbewerbsfahig zu bleiben. Hinzu kommt die Problematik, dass bestimmte Hurden - wie eine optimale Warenver- fugbarkeit, Out-of-Stock-Situationen, Steigerung der Lieferzuverlassigkeit, Reduzie- rung von Durchlaufzeiten oder der Bullwhip-Effekt - nur bedingt durch ein einzelnes Unternehmen gelost werden konnen. Um im zunehmenden Wettbewerb zu bestehen, schlie?en Unternehmen sich deshalb haufig zu strategischen Netzwerken zusammen und versuchen durch eine effiziente Gestaltung der Prozesse Win-win-Situationen zu schaffen.

Durch eine Kooperationen konnen die einzelnen Akteure sich auf ihre Kern- kompetenzen beschranken, Unternehmensteile ohne strategische Relevanz outsourcen und dadurch Flexibilitatsvorteile sowie Einsparpotenziale realisieren, die bei einer iso- lierten Optimierung der eigenen Wertschopfungskette nicht umzusetzen waren. 2. Fur die unternehmensubergreifende Gestaltung und Steuerung dieser Unternehmens- netzwerke wird der Informations- und Kommunikationstechnologie eine bedeutende Rolle zugesprochen. 3 Ebenso gewinnt der Erfolgsfaktor Flexibilitat zunehmend an Bedeutung, damit Unternehmen auf steigende Kundenerwartungen und plotzliche Veranderungen auf dem Markt reagieren konnen. Die Grundung von Netzwerken und die Kooperation mit anderen Unternehmen bilden die Grundlage fur das Supply Chain Management dar. Writing For Medical School Application! 4 Die schnelle und prazise Bereitstellung von Informationen stellt fur ein erfolgreiches Supply Chain Management demnach einen entscheidenden Erfolgsfaktor dar. Essays! Kritische Schnittstellen zwischen den einzelnen Prozessen innerhalb einer Supply Chain stellen fur alle Beteiligten ein Hindernis dar. Essay! Sie beeintrachtigen eine reibungslose Steuerung der unternehmensubergreifenden Ablaufe und fuhren zum Informationsverlust, zu Verzogerungen und zu Doppelaufwand.

5. Automatische Identifikationssysteme konnen dazu beitragen, den Informationsfluss zwischen den Unternehmen zu beschleunigen und die Schnittstellenproblematik zu re- duzieren. Master On Psychology! Einige Identifikationstechnologien, wie beispielsweise der weit verbreitete Barcode, haben jedoch ihre Leistungsgrenze erreicht und konnen bei der Beseitigung der genannten Problematik nur bedingt eingesetzt werden. Um den erforderlichen In- formationsfluss und die notige Transparenz entlang der Supply Chain dennoch zu ge- wahrleisten, mussen alternative Identifikationstechnologien eingesetzt werden. Dem Supply Chain Management wird seit geraumer Zeit aufgrund des Potenzials zu Kosteneinsparungen eine elementare Bedeutung zugesprochen. Essay School Application! So konnte IBM beispielsweise im Geschaftsjahr 2004 durch eine Straffung der Wertschopfungsaktivitaten circa sieben Milliarden US-Dollar einsparen.

6 Eine effiziente Realisierung des Supply Chain Management setzt jedoch voraus, dass Entscheidungen jederzeit auf der Grundlage genauer Daten und Statistiken getroffen werden. Auto-ID-Systeme werden unter anderem dazu eingesetzt, die Bewegungen eines Objek- tes innerhalb einer logistischen Kette nachzuvollziehen. 7 Bis vor wenigen Jahren wur- den dazu nahezu ausnahmslos Barcodes eingesetzt. Vor einigen Jahren sind dann ver- schiedene Branchen auf die RFID-Technologie aufmerksam geworden. Marx Capitalism! 8 RFID ist in der Lage, Objekte mithilfe von elektromagnetischen Wellen automatisch und ohne Sicht- kontakt zu identifizieren. Writing For Medical School! Die Erwartungen an die Technologie sind in english paper, den letzten Jah- ren stetig gestiegen, wodurch RFID branchenubergreifend zu einem zentralen Hoff- nungstrager geworden ist. Viele Unternehmen erhoffen sich durch den RFID-Einsatz Zeit- und Kosteneinsparungen. 9 Gro?e Unternehmen, wie beispielsweise die Metro Group, setzen RFID bereits zur Optimierung ihrer Supply Chain ein. Mittels des Electronic Product Code wird jedem Produkt eine individuelle Seriennummer zugeordnet 10 , wodurch Daten an essay for medical school, vorgesehenen Stellen innerhalb der Supply Chain ausgetauscht und Warenflusse in Echtzeit abgebildet werden konnen. Neben vielen Insellosungen und Pilotprojekten wird RFID bereits von namhaften In- dustrie- und Handelsunternehmen erfolgreich eingesetzt.

Die Metro zahlt zu den be- deutendsten internationale Handelsunternehmen und setzt RFID bereits seit mehreren Jahren in for assignment, allen Cash Carry-Gro?markten sowie in neun Lagern der MGL Metro Group Logistics zur effizienten Steuerung der Supply Chain-Prozesse ein. 11 Fur 2010 wird ein Anstieg der weltweit verkauften RFID-Transponder auf 2,31 Milliarden Stuck gegenuber 1,98 Milliarden im Vorjahr erwartet. Essay For Medical Application! 12 Weiterhin wird fur Deutschland im Zeitraum 2006 bis 2016 beim RFID-Umsatz eine durchschnittliche jahrliche Wachstumsrate von 19 % auf 2,2 Milliarden Euro erwartet. 13 Die prognostizierte zukunftige Entwicklung unterstreicht die hohe Erwartungshaltung und das Potenzial dieser Technologie. Dennoch sind die Meinungen hinsichtlich des Einsatzes sowie der zukunftigen Ent- wicklung von RFID kontrovers. Capitalism Essays! Viele Anwender sind sich hinsichtlich der technologi- schen Entwicklung und Wirtschaftlichkeit von RFID unsicher.

Zahlreiche Diskussionen in essay for medical, Fachbuchern und in a cover contain for a, der Presse uber den Mehrwert von RFID, im Vergleich zu ande- ren Auto-ID-Systemen, tragen ebenfalls zur Verunsicherung interessierter Anwender bei. Im Hinblick auf die in Kapitel 1.1 geschilderte Problematik untersucht die vorliegende Arbeit zum einen, inwieweit Prozesse durch den Einsatz von RFID effizienter gestaltet und Kostenvorteile generiert werden konnen. Zum anderen wird analysiert, wie durch den Einsatz von RFID der Informationsfluss im Supply Chain Management verbessert werden kann und zu einer hoheren Transparenz fuhren kann. Bei der Betrachtung des Supply Chain Management steht der Informations- und Warenfluss im Vordergrund, bei der RFID-Technologie richtet sich die Aufmerksamkeit insbesondere auf die funktionalen Eigenschaften. Zu Beginn dieser Arbeit findet zunachst eine Abgrenzung zwischen der Supply Chain und der Logistik statt. Essay Writing For Medical Application! Danach werden die Grundlagen sowie die Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management erlautert.

Anschlie?end werden die Eigenschaften und die Funktionsweise der RFID-Technologie beschrieben. For A Resume! Das dritte Kapitel dieser Arbeit ist in die Branchen Industrie, Logistik und Handel gegliedert. Essay Writing For Medical School Application! Dabei wird zunachst die Ausgangslage der jeweiligen Branche dargestellt, bevor die Einsatzmoglichkeiten der RFID-Technologie in branchentypischen Prozessen aufgezeigt werden. Bei dieser Be- trachtung steht die Optimierung einzelner Prozesse im Vordergrund, die durch den Ein- satz von RFID generiert werden kann. Thesis On Psychology! Im Anschluss werden mogliche Hemmnisse und Risiken dargestellt. Writing! Im vierten Teil dieser Arbeit werden die anfallenden Kosten eines RFID-Einsatzes veranschaulicht. Essays! Im funften Kapitel werden Unternehmen vorgestellt, die RFID in for medical, der Praxis einsetzen, um ihre Prozesse effizienter zu steuern.

Das letzte Kapitel bildet den Abschluss der Arbeit, in for assignment singapore, dem die gewonnenen Erkennt- nisse zusammengefasst werden und ein Ausblick uber zukunftige Entwicklungen ver- mittelt wird. 2. Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management und der RFID-Technologie. Das Kapitel 2 gliedert sich in essay writing for medical school, zwei Teile und soll dazu dienen, dem Leser einen Uber- blick uber die Themen Supply Chain Management und RFID-Technologie vermitteln. 2.1 Grundlagen des Supply Chain Management. In Kapitel 2.1 werden zunachst die Begriffe Supply Chain und Supply Chain Management definiert und von der Logistikkette abgegrenzt. Honors Thesis Biochemistry! Anschlie?end werden die Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management erlautert. Supply Chain stammt aus dem Englischen und bedeutet Liefer- oder auch Versorgungskette. Unternehmensubergreifend wird unter dem Begriff auch eine Wertschopfungskette verstanden. 14 Unternehmen sahen sich in der Vergangenheit als unabhangige Einheiten, die bedingt durch den gro?en Konkurrenzdruck nur eigene Interessen verfolgten.

Aufgrund der Erkenntnis, dass der eigene Erfolg einerseits von dem Erfolg der Lieferanten und andererseits von der Zufriedenheit der Kunden abhangt, fand bei den Unternehmen in den letzten Jahren ein Umdenken statt. Essay Writing For Medical Application! 15. In der Literatur wird oft zwischen der unternehmensinternen und der unternehmensubergreifenden Supply Chain unterschieden. Thesis Biochemistry! Die unternehmensinterne Supply Chain zeichnet sich dadurch aus, dass ein vorgelagerter Bereich seinen jeweils nachgelagerten versorgt und die Wertschopfung stufenweise zunimmt. Application! Je nach Fertigungstiefe einer Unternehmung kann die interne Supply Chain beispielsweise die Stufen Wareneingang, Hochregallager, Kommissionierung, Zwischenlager und Versand umfassen. Thesis! Die unternehmensubergreifende Supply Chain zeichnet sich durch die Verzahnung samtlicher Aktivitaten der beteiligten Partner aus. School Application! 16. 2.1.2 Abgrenzung der Supply Chain von der Logistikkette. Die Logistik umfasst alle Steuerungs- und Planungsma?nahmen beim Transport und der Lagerung von Gutern in errors, allen Bereichen eines Unternehmens. 17 Weiterhin hat die Lo- gistik dafur zu sorgen, dass die richtigen Produkte in writing application, der richtigen Menge in a cover letter for a, der richti- gen Qualitat zum richtigen Zeitpunkt zu den richtigen Kosten am richtigen Ort mit dem richtigen Wissen bereitgestellt werden. 18 Der Schwerpunkt des abgeleiteten Begriffs Logistikkette liegt demnach auf den physischen Tatigkeiten der Logistik.

19. Bei der Supply Chain geht es um die unternehmensubergreifende Zusammenarbeit aller Supply-Chain-Partner. Essay Writing For Medical! 20 Das unternehmensubergreifende Denken und Handeln, welches auch die begleitenden Geld- und Informationsflusse abdeckt und sich vom Rohstofflie- feranten bis zum Endverbraucher ausdehnt, stellt den wesentlichen Unterschied zur Lo- gistikkette dar. 21. Die Begriffe Supply Chain, Liefer- und Wertschopfungskette sind somit weiter gefasst als die Logistikkette und werden im Rahmen dieser Arbeit synonym verwendet.

2.1.3.1 Definition des Supply Chain Management. Das Supply Chain Management stammt aus den USA und hat sich Mitte der 90er Jahre in Deutschland etabliert. Es stellt kein vollstandig neues Konzept dar, sondern integriert teilweise bereits bekannte Ansatze und Ideen in ein Gesamtkonzept. 22 Ebenso wenig ist das Supply Chain Management ein Patentrezept, welches bei Anwendung automatisch Erfolg verspricht, sondern formuliert vielmehr Leitlinien, an medical errors using, denen sich Denken und Handeln ausrichten sollen. 23. Bisher hat sich weder in writing school, der wissenschaftlichen Literatur noch unter den Praktikern eine einheitliche Definition des Supply Chain Management etablieren konnen. Biochemistry! 24 Der Grund dafur liegt insbesondere darin, dass das Konzept seine Wurzeln in der Unternehmens- praxis hat und kein in application, der betriebswirtschaftlichen Theorie entwickeltes Konzept ist. 25 Fur Werner kennzeichnet ein Supply Chain Management als Handhabung netzwerk- gerichteter integrierter Unternehmensaktivitaten von Versorgung, Entsorgung und Re- cycling. 26 Arndt definiert Supply Chain Management als unternehmensubergreifende Koordination und Optimierung der Material-, Informations- und Wertflusse uber den gesamten Wertschopfungsprozess von der Rohstoffgewinnung uber die einzelnen Veredelungsstufen bis hin zum Endkunden. English Paper! 27 Die begrifflichen Klarungen differieren teilweise, dennoch scheint allgemein akzeptiert, dass im Supply Chain Management Verbesserungspotenziale an for medical application, den Schnittstellen sowohl unternehmungsintern als auch - extern aufgedeckt und beseitigt werden sollen.

28 Die vorliegende Arbeit lehnt sich an die Definition von Lawrenz unter anderem an. Demzufolge hat das Supply Chain Management die Aufgabe, den physischen Material- und Warenfluss innerhalb und zwischen Unternehmen und die zugehorigen dispositiven und administrativen Prozesse so zu gestalten und zu betreiben, dass eine fehlerfreie, storungsrobuste, schnelle und wirtschaftliche Versorgung des Endkunden gewahrleistet wird. 29. Abbildung in honors thesis biochemistry, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 1: Logistik, Supply Chain Supply Chain Management 30.

Aufgrund der zunehmenden Verlagerung des Wettbewerbs, der weniger zwischen ein- zelnen Unternehmen, sondern vielmehr zwischen gesamten Supply Chains stattfindet, stellt die Bildung von Netzwerken eine richtungsweisende Grundlage dar, um die Wettbewerbsfahigkeit nachhaltig zu erhalten. 31 Die Akteure entlang der Supply Chain konnen sich auf ihre Kernkompetenzen beschranken und dadurch konkurrenzfahiger werden. For Medical School Application! 32. 2.1.3.2 Organisatorische Rollen im Rahmen des Supply Chain Management. Eine Analyse der Lieferketten unterschiedlicher Branchen zeigt, dass in Lieferketten Arbeitsteilung herrscht und jedes Unternehmen unterschiedliche Aufgaben wahrnimmt, wie beispielsweise Produktion, Lagerung oder Verkauf. Should A Cover Contain For A! 33 In Anlehnung an essay writing for medical school, Vilkov und Wei? werden zum besseren Verstandnis nachfolgend die Rollen der einzelnen SupplyChain-Partner voneinander abgegrenzt. Thesis! Die Abgrenzung schlie?t jedoch nicht aus, dass ein Supply-Chain-Mitglied gleichzeitig mehrere Rollen erfullt.

34. Ein Supply-Chain-Mitglied, dessen primare Aufgabe die Produktion von Rohstoffen, von halbfertigen und/oder fertigen Erzeugnissen ist, wird als Hersteller bezeichnet. Writing School! Ebenso kann ein Zulieferer, der seine Erzeugnisse selbst herstellt, ein Hersteller sein. 35. Die primare Aufgabe eines Zentrallagers ist die Zwischenlagerung von Wirtschaftsgutern. Dabei kann es sich - wie im Rahmen dieser Arbeit - beispielsweise um einen Gro?handel, ein Zwischenlager oder auch ein Verteilzentrum handeln. Die Bedeutung der Logistikdienstleister hat in den letzten Jahren stark zugenommen und steigt kontinuierlich an. 36 Neben der Beforderung von materiellen Wirtschaftsgutern ubernehmen Logistikdienstleister zunehmend auch Aufgaben wie zum Beispiel Aufbereitung, Wartung oder Auftragszusammenstellung.

Ein Logistikdienstleister kann zudem auch Produktionsaufgaben ubernehmen, beispielsweise in help for assignment singapore, der Automobilproduktion, wodurch er im Hinblick auf die Fertigstellung des Endproduktes dennoch als Logistikdienstleister betrachtet wird. Der Logistikdienstleister kann somit zwischen allen Beteiligten einer Supply Chain fungieren. Die primare Aufgabe eines Handlers ist der Vertrieb von Fertigerzeugnissen an die Endverbraucher beziehungsweise Konsumenten. Im Kontext dieser Arbeit nimmt der Einzelhandel diese Rolle ein. Als Endkunde wird der Verwender und Endverbraucher des Produktes verstanden. For Medical School Application! Er steht am Ende der gesamten Wertschopfung. 2.1.4 Ziele und Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. 2.1.4.1 Ziele des Supply Chain Management.

Die Idee zur ganzheitlichen Optimierung betriebswirtschaftlicher Prozesse ist nicht neu, jedoch haben sich die Ziele des Supply Chain Management in help, den letzten drei Jahr- zehnten bedeutend geandert. 37 In den 70er Jahren wurde mithilfe eines isolierten Logis- tik Managements versucht, die Lagerbestande zu reduzieren. Ein Management der ge- samten Supply Chain wurde noch nicht betrieben. Writing For Medical Application! Das Supply Chain Management ent- wickelte sich in den 80er Jahren und verfolgte das Ziel, die Gesamtkosten der Supply Chain zu reduzieren. In den 90er Jahren wurde die Zielvorstellung um den langfristigen und nachhaltigen Geschaftserfolg erganzt. What Should A Cover Letter Resume! 38 Als ubergeordnetes Ziel des modernen Supply Chain Management kann die Erschlie?ung unternehmensubergreifender Erfolgs- potenziale und somit die Optimierung der gesamten Wertschopfungskette verstanden werden. Essay School! 39 Die oberste Zielsetzung besteht demzufolge darin, ein Ergebnismaximum im Netzwerk zu erreichen, von dem alle Supply-Chain-Akteure profitieren konnen. Master Thesis On Psychology! 40 Durch die Anwendung geeigneter Konzepte soll die Effektivitat und Effizienz der Prozesse unternehmensubergreifend erhoht werden. Essay For Medical School! Die entscheidenden Wettbewerbsfaktoren Kosten, Zeit, Qualitat und Flexibilitat werden gleich stark gewichtet und bilden ein strategisches Viereck.

Temporar kann einem Faktor auch eine starkere Bedeutung zu- geteilt werden: Wenn beispielsweise ein Unternehmen einen Markt als Pionier bearbei- ten mochte, kann der Faktor Zeit dominierend sein. 41 Die Festlegung der Zielsetzungen und die Gewichtung der Ziele kann fur die Supply Chain generell oder auch spezifisch fur einzelne Mitglieder ausgearbeitet werden. 42. Die Moglichkeiten, mithilfe des Supply Chain Management Kosten einzusparen, sind sehr vielfaltig. College English! In der Literatur wird oftmals die Reduzierung von Nachfrageschwan- kungen aufgrund des Bullwhip-Effekts an erster Stelle genannt. 43 Ein zeitnaher Infor- mationsaustausch bildet dabei die Grundlage, um gro?e Bestandsreserven zu vermeiden, Lagerhaltungskosten zu senken und dadurch das in den Lagern gebundene Kapital zu verringern. Writing School! Ebenso konnen durch eine bedarfsgerechte Produktions- und Distributionsplanung die Abschreibungen auf nicht mehr verkaufliche Waren reduziert werden.

44 Die Senkung der Transportkosten sowie die Reduzierung der Kapitalbindung durch verkurzte Durchlaufzeiten sind weitere Ma?nahmen, um Kostenvorteile zu reali- sieren. Durch eine unternehmensubergreifende Zusammenarbeit im Supply Chain Management konnen zeitliche Vorteile generiert werden. Master Thesis On Psychology! Zum einen kann durch die Kooperation von Lieferanten und Kunden die Entwicklungsphase vom Produktkonzept bis zum Produktionsstart verkurzt werden. Essay For Medical School! Zum anderen konnen durch eine fruhzeitige Ubermittlung von Informationen kurzere Durchlaufzeiten im Wertschopfungsprozess und damit auch kurzere Lieferzeiten an thesis, die nachgelagerten Unternehmen und Kunden erzielt werden. Writing For Medical School Application! Dadurch kann die notwendige Flexibilitat im Hinblick auf kurzfristige Planungsanderungen in der Produktion erreicht werden. Thesis Medical! 45. Qualitatsvorteile lassen sich einerseits durch eine stetige Qualitatsplanung und -prufung innerhalb der Wertschopfungsnetzwerke erzielen, andererseits kann die Produktqualitat durch das Einbringen des Know-how und der Kernkompetenzen aller Supply-Chain- Partner in den Entwicklungsprozess verbessert werden. 46 Die Serviceverbesserung zielt auf eine moglichst umfassende Kundenbefriedigung ab. Diese kann nur dann realisiert werden, wenn die Bedurfnisse der Verbraucher zeitnah und fehlerfrei entlang der Wertschopfungskette ausgetauscht werden. School Application! 47.

Flexibilitat bedeutet, sich auf veranderte Rahmenbedingungen schnell anpassen zu konnen. On Reducing Errors Six Sigma! 48 Eine schnelle Anpassung der Supply Chain kann aufgrund von Nachfrageschwankungen, veranderten Bedurfnissen der Zielkunden und der Zielmarkte oder auch infolge einer Neuausrichtung erforderlich sein. Dies erfordert schnell veranderbare Strukturen und Mobilitat im Hinblick auf Ressourcen. For Medical! 49. 2.1.4.2 Aufgaben des Supply Chain Management. Das Supply Chain Management stellt eine Antwort auf die zunehmende Globalisierung der Beschaffungs- und Absatzmarkte sowie stetig steigenden Anforderungen der Kun- den hinsichtlich der Parameter Preis, Qualitat und Zeit dar. 50 Die primare Aufgabe des Supply Chain Management besteht darin, den Material- und Warenfluss innerhalb und zwischen Unternehmen und die zugehorigen Informations- und Koordinationsprozesse so zu gestalten und zu steuern, dass eine fehlerfreie, schnelle und wirtschaftliche Ver- sorgung des Endkunden gewahrleistet ist. 51 Die in das Netzwerk integrierten Partner ubernehmen zahlreiche ortsgebundene Wertschopfungsprozesse, die uber Guter-, In- formations- und Finanzflusse miteinander verbunden sind. College! 52 Aus diesen Prozessen und der vertraglichen Abstimmung zwischen den Unternehmen ergibt sich ein Koordina- tionsbedarf.

Dieser Koordinationsbedarf beinhaltet zum einen die Abstimmung der ein- zelnen Prozesse im Netzwerk und zum anderen die vertragliche Anpassung zwischen den Partnern. Essay Writing School! Zu den Koordinationsaufgaben zahlen in master on psychology, erster Linie die Aufgaben an writing for medical application, den Schnittstellen innerhalb der Supply Chain, die dem unternehmensubergreifenden Infor- mations- und Guterfluss dienen sollen. Using! Auf strategischer Ebene gehoren Gestaltungs- und Planungsaufgaben dazu, wahrend aus operativer Sicht die Steuerungsaufgaben dazuzahlen. Essay! 53. 2.2 Grundlegende Eigenschaften und Funktionsweisen von RFID. Im nun folgenden Kapitel 2.2 werden grundlegende Aspekte der RFID-Technologie naher erlautert.

Dabei wird zuerst erlautert, was RFID ist, bevor eine Einordnung von RFID im Bereich der Auto-ID-Systeme vorgenommen wird. Thesis On Reducing Medical Errors Six Sigma! Im Anschluss werden Aufbau und Funktionsweise von RFID-Systemen beschrieben. RFID steht fur Radio Frequency Identification und bedeutet im Deutschen so viel wie Funkerkennung, also Identifikation durch Radiowellen. Essay For Medical School Application! 54 Dabei handelt es sich um eine Identifikations-Technologie, welche mittels Funk-Technologie das automatische und beruhrungslose Identifizieren von Objekten und die Erfassung von Daten jeglicher Art ermoglicht. 55 Aus heutiger Sicht ist der Name RFID nicht ganz treffend, da RFID heutzutage mehr als nur eine Identifikationsnummer ist, die von einem Transponder gesendet wird. Zwischen dem Transponder und dem Lesegerat findet eine Kommunikation in college english, beide Richtungen statt, bei der Datenpakete von 1 Bit bis 30 kByte ubertragen und gegebenenfalls verandert werden konnen. School Application! 56 Fur den Datentrager werden in der Literatur haufig die Begriffe Transponder, Smart Tag, Smart-Chip oder auch Tag verwendet. A Cover Letter Contain! Die Begriffe werden demzufolge in dieser Arbeit synonym verwendet, ebenso wie die Begriffe Lese-/Schreibeinrichtung, Reader oder Lese- und Schreibgerat. 2.2.2 Einordnung der RFID-Technologie im Bereich der Auto-ID-Systeme. In den letzten Jahren haben automatische Identifikationsverfahren (Auto-ID) in essay school application, vielen Bereichen gro?e Verbreitung gefunden. Honors Biochemistry! Dazu gehoren Dienstleistungsbereiche, Be- schaffungs- und Distributionslogistik, Handel, Produktionsbetriebe und Materialfluss- systeme.

Aufgabe und Ziel der Auto-ID-Systeme ist die Identifikation physischer Ob- jekte, wie beispielsweise Personen, Tieren, Gutern und Waren. Essay Application! 57 Der Transport von Informationen kann unter anderem uber Barcodes, Chipkarten, OCR-Scanner oder RFID-Systeme stattfinden und mithilfe von Lesegeraten entschlusselt werden. Abbil- dung 2 gibt einen Uberblick uber die wichtigsten Auto-ID-Verfahren. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 2: Die wichtigsten Auto-ID-Verfahren 58. Die Unterschiede der Auto-ID-Systeme werden nicht nur in a cover contain for a, ihren Eigenschaften deut- lich, sondern zeigen sich auch hinsichtlich der entstehenden Kosten. Essay Writing For Medical! Der Barcode ist das gunstigste und am weitesten verbreitete Auto-ID-System. Biochemistry! 59 RFID gilt als die leistungs- fahigste Technologie mit den breitesten Einsatzmoglichkeiten. Writing Application! 60 Im Gegensatz zur Bar- code-Technologie findet bei der RFID-Technologie keine optische Abtastung der Hell- Dunkel-Felder statt, sondern die Daten werden per master thesis on psychology Funk ubertragen. Essay! 61 Ein wesentlicher Vorteil von RFID ist, dass die Transponder wiederbeschrieben und wiederverwendet werden konnen. Thesis Biochemistry! 62.

2.2.3 Aufbau und Funktionsweise von RFID-Systemen. Ein RFID-System besteht grundsatzlich aus einem RFID-Transponder, einem RFIDLesegerat und einem Informationssystem, welches die Daten verarbeitet und das Auslesen und Beschreiben der Transponder steuert. 63. Abbildung in essay writing for medical school application, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 3: Grundlegender Aufbau eines RFID-Systems 64. Fur die Kommunikation zwischen Transponder und Lesegerat nutzen RFID-Systeme elektromagnetische Wellen. Honors Biochemistry! 65 Die Daten werden ahnlich wie bei Chipkarten gespeichert und nur auf Abruf ubermittelt.

Der Transponder kann sich an einem Objekt oder bei- spielsweise auch an writing for medical school application, einer Person befinden. Das Lesegerat wird an der Stelle positioniert, an for assignment, der die Identifikation stattfinden soll, und ist meistens uber einen Computer an ein Netzwerk angeschlossen. Beide Komponenten sind mit einer Antenne zum Senden und zum Empfangen sowie einem Chip fur die Verarbeitung der elektromagnetischen Sig- nale ausgestattet. 66 Die entsprechenden Informationen befinden sich auf dem Chip des Transponders. Sobald der Transponder sich im Ansprechbereich des Lesegerates befin- det, sendet das Lesegerat Daten an den Transponder oder empfangt Daten von ihm. Die Weiterverarbeitung und Auswertung der Informationen findet durch eine nachgeschal- tete Computerapplikation statt. Essay For Medical Application! 67 Da der Austausch elektromagnetischer Wellen kodiert stattfindet, werden diese vor der Weiterverarbeitung von der jeweiligen Elektronik de- kodiert. 68 Die Kommunikation der einzelnen Systeme geschieht in der Praxis in Bruch- teilen von Sekunden und kann mit aktiven Transpondern uber Entfernungen bis zu 15 Metern durchgefuhrt werden. Thesis Biochemistry! 69 Mit passiven Transpondern kann eine Reichweite von etwa 3 Metern erreicht werden.

70 Auf einer Frequenz von 2,45 GHz sind mit leistungsstarken Transpondern Reichweiten von bis zu 100 Metern moglich. 71. 2.2.4 Technische Eigenschaften von RFID-Systemen. RFID-Transponder bestehen aus einem elektronischen Speicher-Chip und einer An- tenne. Essay Writing For Medical! Der im Mikrochip enthaltene Speicher dient als Datentrager und bildet das Kern- stuck des Transponders. Honors Thesis! 72 Neben den Informationen, die das Objekt eindeutig beschrei- ben, konnen auf leistungsfahigen Transpondern auch weitere Informationen gespeichert werden, wie beispielsweise das Mindesthaltbarkeitsdatum. Application! Der Transponder wird im Ansprechbereich des Lesegerates aktiviert und ubermittelt anschlie?end die hinterlegten Informationen.

Hinsichtlich der Bauform eines Transponders sind kaum Grenzen vorhanden. Die Bauform hangt in erster Linie von der Gro?e des Gehauses und der darin befindlichen Antenne ab. Paper! Transponder in Form von Etiketten sind fur den Einsatz in essay writing application, der Logistik und im Handel besonders interessant, da Sendungen und Produkte mit dem Transponder beklebt werden konnen und dadurch verfolgbar bleiben. Master Thesis On Psychology! 73 Abbildung 4 zeigt mogliche Bauformen von RFID-Transpondern. Abbildung in essay writing, dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten. Abbildung 4: Unterschiedliche Transponderbauformen 74. Eine verbreitete Klassifikation von RFID-Transpondern ist die Unterscheidung hin- sichtlich der Energieversorgung. Letter Contain For A Resume! Diese hat bedeutende Auswirkung auf die Leistungs- fahigkeit des Transponders. 75 Diesbezuglich kann zwischen aktiven, semi-aktiven und passiven Transpondern unterschieden werden.

76. Aktive Transponder verfugen uber eine Batterie und konnen selbst elektromagnetische Signale erzeugen. School! Wie in paper, Kapitel 2.2.3 bereits erwahnt, konnen dabei Lesereichweiten von bis zu 15 Metern erreicht werden. School Application! 77 Je nach Modell, konnen Transponder gelesen, beschrieben und unterschiedlich konfiguriert werden. Marx Essays! 78 Aktive Transponder sind aufwandiger konstruiert und deshalb teurer als passive Transponder. School! Dennoch ergeben sich fur aktive Transponder zahlreiche Einsatzmoglichkeiten, speziell in Bereichen, in denen die Kosten nicht entscheidend sind. Beispiele aus der Supply Chain sind die Identifizierung von Fahrzeugen oder die Kennzeichnung von hochwertigen Produkten oder Bauteilen in a cover contain resume, der Industrie. 79. Semi-aktive Transponder verfugen uber eine Batterie, nutzen diese jedoch nur zum Erhalt des Datenspeichers. Sie werden selbst nur aktiv, wenn sie in essay writing school application, ein Antennenfeld geraten und nutzen zur Signalubermittlung das Energiefeld des Lesegerates. Marx! Die Batterie wird dann zur Signalverstarkung und damit zur Erreichung gro?erer Reichweite genutzt.

80 Der Vorteil der semi-aktiven Transponder liegt im geringeren Energieverbrauch als bei der reinen Aktivtechnologie. 81. Passive Transponder verfugen uber keine eigene Energieversorgung und beziehen ihre Energie aus dem elektromagnetischen Feld des RFID-Lesegerates. Sie konnen besonders klein und kostengunstig produziert werden, da auf eine Batterie verzichtet werden kann. 82 Aufgrund der niedrigeren Kosten eignen sich passive Transponder besonders zur Auszeichnung von Produkten und Einzelartikeln. For Medical School Application! 83 Folglich werden in master, der Praxis deutlich mehr passive als aktive Transponder eingesetzt. For Medical! 84. Die Informationen auf einem RFID-Transponder werden mittels eines RFID-Lesegera- tes ausgelesen.

Das RFID-Lesegerat bildet somit das Gegenstuck zum RFID-Transpon- der und liefert die notige Energie fur den Betrieb passiver und semi-aktiver Transponder. 85 Wenn ein RFID-Transponder sich im Antennenfeld des Lesegerates befindet, wird uber die Antenne ein elektrisches Wechselfeld aufgebaut, wodurch im RFID-Transponder ein Strom entsteht. Help For Assignment Singapore! Die Antenne des RFID-Transponders sendet Informationen, das RFID-Lesegerat verarbeitet die empfangenen Informationen und kann ebenfalls Informationen an den Transponder ubermitteln. 86 Ein erheblicher Vorteil gegenuber anderen Auto-ID-Systemen ist somit das Auslesen der Transponder ohne Sichtkontakt und die Moglichkeit, diese gleichzeitig mit Informationen zu versehen. Ebenso wie bei RFID-Transpondern existieren auch bei Lesegeraten unterschiedliche Bauformen. Wichtige Eigenschaften stellen die Lesedistanz, das Auslesen mehrerer Transponder im Feld sowie die Erkennungssicherheit dar. 87. Bis auf wenige Ausnahmen gibt es fur RFID-Systeme noch keine verbindlichen Nor- men. Essay Writing School! 88 Die fehlende Frequenzregulierung stellt bei der Entwicklung von international einsetzbaren RFID-Systemen eines der Hauptprobleme dar. 89 Fur den kommerziellen Einsatz von RFID haben sich die Frequenzbereiche unter 135 kHz, 13,56 MHz und 869 MHz fur Europa sowie 915 MHz fur die USA konstituiert.

90 Als Folge von fehlenden Standards werden in help for assignment, Europa Reichweiten von lediglich circa 2,5 Metern erreicht, wohingegen in essay for medical school application, den USA mit baugleichen RFID-Systemen Reichweiten von bis zu acht Metern erreicht werden konnen. Thesis Medical! 91 Der betrachliche Unterschied in writing application, der Reichweite resultiert aus unterschiedlichen Vorschriften im Hinblick auf die Sendestarke der Lesegerate. Honors Thesis Biochemistry! Im MHz-Bereich ist in essay for medical, Europa lediglich eine Sendeleistung von 0,5 Watt erlaubt, in den USA sind es dagegen 4 Watt. What Should Contain For A Resume! 92. Der Electronic Product Code wurde im Auftrag der Industrie entwickelt und ist der internationale Standard zur eindeutigen Identifizierung von Produkten und logistischen Einheiten. For Medical School! Mit einer uberschneidungsfreien Ziffernfolge kann auf diese Weise jedes Produkt weltweit eindeutig gekennzeichnet und somit jederzeit identifiziert werden. Honors Thesis Biochemistry! 93. EPCglobal ist eine Organisation, die Standards fur die einheitliche Nutzung der RFIDTechnologie fur Identifikationszwecke entwickelt. 94 Durch Transparenz soll das EPCNetzwerk eine effektivere Nutzung von Informationen bieten. Writing For Medical! 95.

3. Should For A Resume! Einsatzmoglichkeiten und Bedeutung von RFID im SCM. Identifikationssysteme sollen der Erkennung logistischer Einheiten an essay writing for medical school application, jedem Punkt der Supply Chain dienen. Im Rahmen automatischer Identifikationssysteme stehen dabei Kennzeichnungen im Vordergrund, die dazu dienen, den Identifikationsprozess anhand technischer Hilfsmittel zu beschleunigen. 96 Die Einsatzmoglichkeiten von RFID sind sehr vielfaltig und mit zunehmender Globalisierung gewinnt die Technologie fur alle Beteiligten einer Supply Chain zusatzlich an Bedeutung. English Paper! Die gro?ten zukunftigen Veranderungspotenziale durch den RFID-Einsatz werden in der Logistik und im Supply Chain Management erwartet. 97. Durch den rasanten technologischen Fortschritt sowie der zunehmenden Funktionalitat, Speicherfahigkeit und gleichzeitiger Reduktion der Gro?e von RFID-Transpondern wird die Masseneinfuhrung durch Verbrauchsguter im Handel und in writing for medical application, der Logistik immer starker vorangetrieben. Thesis Errors! 98 Durch den Einsatz von RFID-Transpondern verschiedenster Bauart konnen Transportprozesse luckenlos uberwacht und mit den gewonnenen Informationen effektiv gesteuert werden. Essay Writing! 99 Beispielsweise wird mit Methoden wie dem Collaborative Planning eine Win-win-Situation innerhalb der Supply Chain angestrebt. Biochemistry! 100 RFID kann hinsichtlich der Guter- und Informationsstrome Transparenz schaffen und dazu beitragen, dass diese Ziele erreicht werden. Die Voraussetzung fur eine Integration der RFID-Technologie in ein erfolgreiches und ubergreifendes Supply Chain Management bilden vertrauensvolle Partnerschaften, in denen zwischen den beteiligten Unternehmen eine gute Kommunikation herrscht.

101 Aufgrund des Potenzials zur Steigerung der Effizienz und der Kundenzufriedenheit kann RFID zum entscheidenden Wettbewerbsfaktor werden. Um nachhaltige Fortschritte und Einsparpotenziale zu erzielen, sollte deshalb eine Integration innerhalb der Supply Chain angestrebt werden. Durch Insellosungen lassen sich Einsparungen in writing application, einzelnen Bereichen erreichen, ohne dabei die Effizienz der gesamten Supply Chain dauerhaft zu optimieren. Master Thesis! Ebenso konnen die Kosten einer falsch ausgewahlten Technologie den Nutzen ubersteigen. Writing For Medical! 102. Im vorliegenden Kapitel werden die Einsatzmoglichkeiten und Auswirkungen eines RFID-Einsatzes in der Supply Chain untersucht.

Um die Einsatzmoglichkeiten sowie die daraus resultierenden Vor- und Nachteile besser zu veranschaulichen, wird auch auf Praxisanwendungen Bezug genommen. In Kapitel 3.1 steht der Industriesektor im Vor- dergrund, in dem die Einsatzmoglichkeiten in der Produktion untersucht werden. In Kapitel 3.2 wird der Einsatz von RFID in der Logistik naher untersucht, wahrend in 3.3 die Einsatzmoglichkeiten im Handel und am POS im Vordergrund der Untersuchung stehen. Auch wenn einige Einsatzmoglichkeiten voneinander abgegrenzt werden konnen, gibt es in help for assignment, vielen Einsatzbereichen Uberschneidungen hinsichtlich der Nutzung von RFID. Essay Writing School Application! Beispielsweise kann sich RFID in on psychology, verschiedenen Bereichen positiv auf den Inventurprozess und die Schwundquote auswirken. 103 Deshalb sollten die beschriebenen Einsatzmoglichkeiten von RFID nicht als statisch aufgefasst werden. 3.1 RFID-Einsatzmoglichkeiten in writing for medical, der Produktion. Betriebliche Fertigungsprozesse sind in den gesamtwirtschaftlichen Guteraustausch ein- gebunden und dienen dazu, andere Wirtschaftssubjekte wie Haushalte und Unterneh- mungen mit Gutern zu versorgen. What Letter Contain For A Resume! 104 In Produktionsprozessen werden haufig teure und hochwertige Maschinen eingesetzt, was dazu fuhrt, dass die Transponderkosten bei ei- ner RFID-Nutzung oftmals eine untergeordnete Rolle spielen.

Zum Einsatz kommen dabei uberwiegend aktive Transponder mit einer gro?en Speicherkapazitat, die aufgrund der eigenen Energieversorgung fur gro?ere Reichweiten geeignet sind und wiederver- wendet werden konnen. Writing Application! Bei der Produktion von Massenwaren und Verbrauchsgutern wird weitgehend auf ein RFID-System verzichtet, da die Kosten des RFID-Systems den erzielbaren Nutzen ubersteigen. College English! 105. Die Automobilindustrie stellt mit ihren Zulieferern einen der wichtigsten Industriezweige dar, in essay writing school application, dem unternehmensubergreifende Kooperationen und ein schneller Informationsfluss eine wesentliche Rolle spielen. 106 Aus diesem Grund werden die Einsatzmoglichkeiten von RFID exemplarisch an der Automobilindustrie dargestellt. Die Konkurrenzfahigkeit eines Herstellers wird ma?geblich durch eine effiziente Ge- staltung der Produktionsprozesse bestimmt. Medical Errors Using! Automobilhersteller und ihre Zulieferer sind heute einem extremen Kostendruck ausgesetzt. Essay Writing For Medical Application! Der Fertigungsanteil der Hersteller am Gesamtprodukt wird immer geringer und soll nach einer Untersuchung der Unter- nehmensberatung Mercer Management und des Fraunhofer Instituts fur Materialfluss und Logistik im Jahr 2015 bei lediglich 23 % liegen. 107 Aufgrund des enormen Kostendrucks mussen die Ablaufe in college english paper, der Produktion standig optimiert werden. Weiterhin sind Zulieferer und Hersteller an writing application, einer intensiveren Zusammenarbeit interessiert, um den Automatisierungsgrad in der Produktion zu erhohen und dadurch wettbewerbsfahiger zu werden.

108. In der Produktionssteuerung mussen der Materialfluss kontrolliert und die Produktionsprozesse flexibel gestaltet werden, damit auf unterschiedliche Kundenwunsche reagiert werden kann. A Cover Letter For A Resume! Die Quittierung der einzelnen Arbeitsschritte und die Einhaltung der richtigen Reihenfolge werden entweder durch schriftliche Arbeitspapiere oder durch die Verwendung von Barcodes realisiert. Writing Application! Aufgrund von unzureichenden Informationen besteht die Gefahr, dass Bestellmengen sich aufschaukeln und zu einem Bullwhip-Effekt fuhren, wodurch hohe Lagerkosten entstehen. 109. Nachfolgend wird untersucht, wie der RFID-Einsatz einerseits einen hohen Qualitatsstandard in capitalism, der Produktionssteuerung gewahrleisten kann und andererseits durch ihn die Produktionsprozesse effizienter gestaltet werden konnen. 3.1.2 Anlieferung von Rohstoffen und Baugruppen. Aufgrund der Tatsache, dass Zulieferer immer mehr administrative Aufgaben uberneh- men, werden in for medical school, der Automobilindustrie zahlreiche Baugruppen eines Pkws durch Zulie- ferfirmen hergestellt und im Werk des Automobilherstellers anschlie?end zusammen- gesetzt. 110 Da die einzelnen Fahrzeugmodelle uberwiegend aus unterschiedlichen Bau- gruppen zusammengesetzt werden, herrscht bei den Produkten eine hohe Variantenviel- falt.

111 Die Anlieferung von Bauteilen und Baugruppen muss dementsprechend manuell uberpruft und diese mussen dem Fertigungsprozess zugefuhrt werden. Die manuellen Prozesse stellen einerseits einen hohen Aufwand und andererseits eine Fehlerquelle dar. Die Kosten fur einen Ruckruf aufgrund falsch verbauter Teile konnen einen immensen wirtschaftlichen Schaden verursachen. For Assignment Singapore! 112. Bei dem Einsatz von RFID konnen die Transponder direkt beim Zulieferer an writing for medical school, den Pro- dukten angebracht und mit relevanten Informationen versehen werden.

Bei kleineren Teilen, wie zum Beispiel Schrauben, konnen Transponder auf die Transportbehalter angebracht und mit entsprechenden Produktinformationen gespeichert werden. College! Nach der Verladung der Behalter beim Zulieferer besteht die Moglichkeit, die erfassten Daten zu einem Lieferschein zusammenzufassen und auf einen Transponder am Trailer zu schrei- ben. Die Informationen des auf dem Trailer angebrachten Transponders werden bei der Entladung im Wareneingang des Herstellers ausgelesen und mit dem Lieferschein abge- glichen. Die Informationen konnen sofort an application, das Lagerverwaltungssystem ubermittelt und die gelieferten Behalter mithilfe von Transport-Systemen zu den einzelnen Montageplatzen transportiert werden. Honors Biochemistry! 113 Bei einer Anlieferung von kompletten Baugruppen konnen diese nach der Identifizierung auf direktem Weg dem Produktions- fluss zugefuhrt werden. Die Identifikation und Zuordnung zum richtigen Auftrag erfolgt durch Scanner, die beispielsweise an Durchfahrtstoren, Gabelstaplern oder der Forder- technik angebracht sind. For Medical Application! 114. Durch Nutzung von RFID auf Produkt- oder Baugruppenebene konnen die Bestande des jeweiligen Produktes oder der jeweiligen Baugruppe jederzeit genau ermittelt werden. Der Hersteller kann diese Information nutzen, um neue Produkte und Baugruppen nachzuordern. Marx Essays! Die Folge von Falschbestellungen aufgrund von menschlichem Versagen oder Tippfehlern kann ein kostenintensiver Produktionsstillstand sein. Durch eine Sys- temanbindung des Zulieferers an writing application, das Warenwirtschaftssystem des Herstellers kann Transparenz geschaffen werden.

Der Zulieferer kann den Warenbestand selbst jederzeit prufen und die fehlenden Produkte rechtzeitig nachliefern. Er benotigt keine gro?en Pufferbestande im eigenen Lager und kann dadurch Lagerhaltungskosten sparen. Der Hersteller profitiert von einer optimierten Belieferung, wahrend sich das Risiko eines Produktionsstillstands wesentlich verringert. Marx Capitalism Essays! Er kann dadurch seine Auftrage punktlich bearbeiten und seine Produktionsanlagen optimal auslasten. Writing School Application! Ebenso kann der Hersteller auf einen Pufferbestand verzichten und dadurch Lagerhaltungskosten sparen. 3.1.3 Auszeichnung von Teilen, Halbfertigprodukten oder Produkten.

Die Ausstattung einzelner Teile, Halbfertigprodukte oder Produkte mit Transpondern kann beim Zulieferer oder auch im eigenen Unternehmen erfolgen. A Cover For A! Im Optimalfall wer- den die Transponder bereits beim Zulieferer angebracht und die einzelnen Teile oder Produkte konnen bei der Anlieferung sofort einem bestimmten Auftrag zugeteilt wer- den. 115 In der Automobilproduktion mussen beispielsweise beim Lackierprozess die Turen demontiert werden. Durch Transpondereinsatz an writing for medical, den Turen konnen diese nach der Lackierung der entsprechenden Karosse problemlos wieder zugeordnet werden. Thesis Biochemistry! Ein wesentlicher Vorteil der Transpondertechnologie gegenuber anderen Auto-ID-Systemen ist dabei die Unempfindlichkeit gegenuber au?erlichen Einflussen.

Wahrend beispiels- weise der Einsatz der Barcode-Technologie bei hohen Temperaturen oder Farbnebel undenkbar ware, konnen temperaturbestandige RFID-Transponder problemlos einge- setzt werden. For Medical Application! Intelligente Transponder sind in der Lage, untereinander Daten auszutau- schen, und konnen durch den Abgleich der Auftragsnummern Fehler beim Einbaupro- zess verhindern. College English Paper! Dazu wird beispielsweise bei dem Einbau eines falschen Teils ein Alarmsignal ausgelost, das den Mitarbeiter informiert. Zusatzlich kann nach Fertigstel- lung uberpruft werden, ob ein Produkt die geforderten Spezifikationen erfullt und alle Teile richtig verbaut wurden. Essay Writing School Application! 116 Durch das Anbringen der Transponder auf einzelnen Teilen und Produkten kann somit einerseits der Produktionsfluss verbessert werden, indem die Mitarbeiter einzelne Teile und Produkte eindeutig und ohne gro?en Aufwand der richtigen Karosse zuordnen konnen. What A Cover For A Resume! Zum anderen konnen Fehler durch den Einbau falscher Teile bereits im Vorfeld erkannt und korrigiert werden.

Dadurch entfallen auf- wendige und kostenintensive Nacharbeiten. School Application! Durch die Fehlerminimierung wird gleich- zeitig die Produktivitat gesteigert, da den Mitarbeitern mehr Zeit fur weitere Bearbei- tungsschritte bleibt. Der Automobilhersteller BMW beispielsweise nutzt RFID zur automatischen Identifikation von Kabelbaumen. Die verschiedenen Kabelbaumvarianten werden durch den Zulieferer mit Transpondern ausgestattet und vor dem Einbau in die Karosse verifiziert. Thesis On Reducing Medical Six Sigma! Dadurch wird sichergestellt, dass es sich um die richtige Variante handelt, wobei die Kosten fur Fehleinbauten und den Suchaufwand reduziert werden. Essay Writing! 117.

3.1.4 Uberwachung und Steuerung von Produktionsprozessen. Um den Produktionsprozess prazise und effizient steuern zu konnen, sind die Auskunfte uber die einzelnen Produktionsstufen von immenser Bedeutung. Mithilfe von RFID- Transpondern kann die Produktionsstufe- sowie -dauer jederzeit bestimmt werden. 118 Aufgrund der deutlich hoheren Datenubertragungsrate werden dazu meistens die kos- tenintensiveren Transponder eingesetzt, die zu Beginn des Produktionsprozesses am Produkt angebracht und mit dem entsprechenden Auftragsdatensatz gespeichert wer- den. 119 Beispielsweise produziert der Automobilhersteller Porsche im Leipziger Werk Gelandewagen des Typs Cayenne und setzt im Fertigungsprozess zu Produktions- und Dokumentationszwecken RFID ein. Dabei werden bei Erreichen einer Arbeitsstation die auf dem Transponder gespeicherten Daten ausgelesen und dem Montagemitarbeiter auf einem Terminal angezeigt. Master On Psychology! Der Montagemitarbeiter quittiert die erledigten Arbeits- schritte und eventuell aufgetretene Fehler. Die Fertigungsmaschinen sind dabei mit Sen- soren ausgestattet, protokollieren den Bearbeitungsstatus der jeweiligen Station und senden die Daten an for medical application, das Produktionsplanungs-System. 120 Alle relevanten Prozessdaten, wie zum Beispiel Spureinstellungen oder Anzugsdrehmomente von Schraubstationen werden abgespeichert und stehen im weiteren Fertigungsprozess zur Verfugung.

Ebenso kann der gesetzlichen Dokumentationspflicht beim Einbau sicherheitsrelevanter Komponenten wie Bremsanlagen oder Airbags nachgekommen werden. 121 Die Informationen zu den einzelnen Prozessschritten konnen auf dem Transponder dokumentiert und abgespeichert werden. What Should For A Resume! 122. Die Uberwachung von Produktionsprozessen stellt fur die Unternehmen einen wichtigen Aspekt dar. Durch den Einsatz von RFID konnen alle wichtigen Informatio- nen vollautomatisch und ohne gro?en Aufwand auf den Transponder gespeichert und bei Bedarf abgerufen werden. Essay! Dadurch konnen alle nachfolgenden Prozesse effizienter gestaltet werden. Bei einer Just-in-Time-Belieferung kann der Zulieferer an das System angebunden werden und von der Transparenz im Produktionsprozess profitieren. Der Vorteil bei der Nutzung von RFID ist, dass eine Materialanforderung automatisch und ohne Zeitverlust erfolgen kann, wenn die Karosserie beispielsweise einen bestimmten Punkt im Produktionsprozess erreicht hat.

Das produzierende Unternehmen kann demzufolge die Umlaufbestande reduzieren und die Auslastung der Maschinen optimieren. Infolge der genauen Bestimmung des Produktionsfortschritts kann sichergestellt werden, dass an college english, den entsprechenden Bearbeitungsstationen das richtige Personal zur Verfugung steht. Der Zulieferer kann die fruhzeitige Information ebenfalls nutzen und deutlich fruher mit der Auftragsbearbeitung beginnen. 3.1.5 Positionsortung von Produkten. Die Positionsortung durch RFID bietet in Produktionsprozessen vielfaltige Optimie- rungsmoglichkeiten. Writing For Medical School! Die Transponder konnen dazu sowohl auf Kleinteilen, wie bei- spielsweise Werkzeugen, als auch auf gro?eren Maschinen oder auch ganzen Fahrzeu- gen verwendet werden. Honors Biochemistry! Durch den Einsatz der Transponder wird das Wiederfinden von Teilen, Endprodukten oder Baugruppen auf einem gro?en Werksgelande oder gro?en Lagerhallen deutlich vereinfacht. 123 Dazu mussen die Objekte entweder mit leistungs- starken aktiven Transpondern ausgestattet werden oder die Positionsdaten des Objektes mussen vorab auf dem Transponder gespeichert und an for medical school, ein Lesegerat ubermittelt wer- den. English! Innerhalb von Gebauden werden dabei geringere Reichweiten als auf freien Fla- chen erreicht, da die Frequenzen der Transponder in Fabrikhallen durch Betonwande oder Stahltrager beeinflusst werden und die Reichweite dadurch reduziert wird. 124 Mithilfe von mobilen Lesegeraten konnen Objekte auch direkt vor Ort identifiziert oder innerhalb der Antennenreichweite lokalisiert werden.

125 Auf diese Weise wird die Standortbestimmung eines Objektes fur die Mitarbeiter erheblich vereinfacht und das zeitraubende Suchen entfallt. Essay Writing School! Bei der Lokalisierung von Fahrzeugen im Freien konnen mittels RFID die Nachteile der herkommlichen Papierbeschriftung, die meistens an der Windschutzscheibe angebracht wird und bei schlechtem Wetter oder starker Sonnenein- strahlung nicht identifiziert werden kann, vermieden werden. Auch bei der Fahrzeugsi- cherung kann sich zusatzlicher Nutzen durch RFID ergeben. Werden die mit Transpon- dern ausgestatteten Fahrzeuge beispielsweise in on psychology, der Nacht von ihrem Stellplatz wegbe- wegt, wird dies durch das System erfasst und ein Alarm ausgelost. Application! 126 Neben eingesparten Ausgaben fur Sicherheitssysteme kann durch RFID auf diese Weise auch der Schwund reduziert werden. Bei der Produktion von hochwertigen und komplexen Produkten konnen mangelnde Qualitatskontrollen und fehlerhafte Teile fatale Folgen fur ein Unternehmen haben. Thesis! 127 Dabei spielen zwei wesentliche Faktoren eine wichtige Rolle. Zum einen konnen teure Ruckrufaktionen einen gro?en finanziellen Schaden verursachen und haben somit auch eine existenzielle Bedeutung fur die Unternehmen.

Zum anderen kann eine Ruckruf- aktion zu einem erheblichen Image-Schaden fuhren. Im Jahr 1998 gab es in der Auto- mobilindustrie bundesweit 55 Ruckrufaktionen, 2007 waren es bereits 157. Writing School Application! 128 Dies stellt fur alle Beteilligten Partner ein Problem dar, da eine Ruckrufaktion immense Kosten verursachen und einen Imageschaden herbeifuhren kann. Thesis On Psychology! Einen weiteren bedeutenden Faktor bei der Ruckverfolgbarkeit stellen die Richtlinien zur allgemeinen Produktsicherheit der EU dar, welche auch die Zulieferer betreffen. Sie mussen der gesetzlichen Dokumentationspflicht ebenfalls nachkommen und dafur sorgen, dass jede Komponente eines Fahrzeugs uber ihre gesamte Lebensdauer eindeutig identifizierbar ist.

In der Praxis konnen Qualitatskontrollen meistens nur an essay writing for medical, bestimmten Stationen durch- gefuhrt werden, da sie wahrend der Produktion durch den Verwaltungsaufwand beim Ausfullen der Protokolle erschwert werden. Honors Thesis! 129 Durch den RFID-Einsatz konnen die er- forderlichen Kontrollen auf dem Transponder abgespeichert und bei Bedarf abgerufen werden. School Application! Da jeder Produktionsschritt abgespeichert wird, kann eine Qualitatskotrolle durch den Transponder selbst signalisiert werden. Capitalism Essays! Der Mitarbeiter an writing for medical, der Kontrollstation kann beispielsweise anhand eines optischen oder akustischen Signals das entsprechende Prufprotokoll abrufen und bekommt die einzelnen Prufma?nahmen angezeigt. 130 Ebenso konnen die Ergebnisse der einzelnen Qualitatskotrollen auf dem Transponder abgespei- chert werden und stehen somit nachfolgenden Prozessen zur Verfugung. Mithilfe von RFID kann eine Qualitatskontrolle nicht nur am Anfang und am Ende des Fertigungsprozesses durchgefuhrt werden, sondern sie kann auch in college, den einzelnen Be- arbeitungsstufen der Fertigung stattfinden. Essay Writing For Medical! So konnen fehlerhafte Teile fruhzeitig identi- fiziert und aus der Wertschopfungskette entfernt oder nachgebessert werden.

131 Bei- spielsweise sind genaue Protokollierungen mit der weit verbreiteten Barcode-Technolo- gie nur mit erheblichem manuellem Aufwand realisierbar. Hinzu kommt, dass der Bar- code gegen au?ere Einflusse wie Schmutz und Nasse sehr anfallig ist und wahrend der Lebensdauer unleserlich und damit unbrauchbar werden kann. Durch den Einsatz von RFID konnen einerseits die gesetzlichen Anforderungen erfullt sowie Manipulationen verringert werden und andererseits tragt die Technologie dazu bei, dass Qualitatsstan- dards eingehalten und luckenlos dokumentiert werden. Thesis On Psychology! Anhand der genauen Dokumen- tation uber die gesamte Lebensdauer konnen im Falle eines Ruckrufs gezielt nur die betroffenen Fahrzeuge zuruckgerufen werden, in essay for medical, denen die fehlerhaften Teile verbaut wurden. Falls nur wenige Fahrzeuge davon betroffen sind, kann die gezielte Identifikation der betroffenen Fahrzeuge den wirtschaftlichen Schaden reduzieren. 3.1.7 Ausrustung von Maschinen und Werkzeugen.

Zur Uberwachung hochwertiger Maschinen und Werkzeuge werden auf dem Transpon- der wichtige Maschineninformationen gespeichert, die jederzeit abrufbar sind. So kann zum Beispiel die Gefahrenquelle, dass wichtige Informationen aufgrund von Ver- schmutzungen der Typenschilder nicht gelesen werden konnen, gemindert werden. Marx Capitalism Essays! Neben Informationen wie Bedienungsanweisungen und Sicherheitsvorschriften konnen auf dem Transponder auch Daten hinsichtlich der Wartung gespeichert werden. Application! Demzu- folge kann jederzeit uberpruft werden, ob die Wartungsintervalle eingehalten und ord- nungsgema? durchgefuhrt wurden. 132 Ein beachtlicher Vorteil dabei ist, dass die Informationen sich immer an for assignment, dem Objekt befinden und abgerufen werden konnen, auch wenn die Maschine beispielsweise in einem anderem Werk oder einer anderen Halle eingesetzt wird. Mit Sensoren ausgestattete Transponder sind in essay writing, der Lage, den Verschlei? der Produktionsmaschinen zu uberwachen und melden, wenn bestimmte Teile ausgetauscht werden mussen.

Die Techniker konnen mithilfe eines mobilen Lesegerates die entsprechenden Wartungsschritte der Maschine auslesen und bestimmte Teile gezielt austauschen. Thesis Using Six Sigma! 133 Der Transpondereinsatz tragt folglich zu einer Erhohung der Anlagensicherheit und einer Reduzierung der Instandhaltungskosten bei. Essay Writing For Medical School! Durch die prazise Uberwachung der Anlagen und Maschinen sind diese weniger anfallig fur Storungen, was einen reibungsloseren Produktionsprozess und, infolge geringerer Stillstandzeiten, eine hohere Produktivitat ermoglicht. Aufgrund der Information uber den Verschlei? der Maschinen konnen zudem Kosten eingespart werden, da nur die abgenutzten Teile ausgetauscht werden mussen und unnotige Wartungen vermieden werden konnen. On Psychology! Ferner kann RFID zur automatischen Erfassung produzierter Einheiten sowie zur Senkung des Werkzeugbestands beitragen, da das Auffinden teurer Werkzeuge erleichtert wird und deshalb ein geringer Werkzeugvorrat erforderlich ist. 134.

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resume numbers spell You’ve reached one of the best sources for resume information anywhere. The discussion below, about the surprisingly intricate question of writing school application, how to spell “resumé,” is master thesis on psychology just one example of how deeply I’ve gotten into every aspect of resumes. Essay Writing For Medical School? There’s a lot of information on this site that you won’t find put together in thesis medical one place anywhere else. (Be sure to add it to your favorites.) Some of that information will change the way you think about resumes—and make your job search a lot more successful and a lot less worrisome. I don’t settle for the myths that the majority of resumé writers and advisersincluding some so-called “experts”have repeated endlessly for years without ever thinking to check them. Some of those mythslike the “functional resumé” or the one-page resumé for experienced peoplecan wreck your job search all by writing themselves. Read more about these “Killer Myths” on the Tips F.A.Q. page.

You’ll find the #1 Resume Tip on that page especially helpful, too. The FAQ section of the Tips FAQ page takes you right to answers to on psychology, some commonly asked questions. Essay Writing For Medical School? Look through the Resumé Glossary, with definitions and in-depth information about honors resume terminology and technology. There’s also a unique guide to Shopping For Resume Services. Check the Testimonials page for comments from my clients about the essay for medical, difference my expertise makes. Medical Errors Using Six Sigma? And then take a look at the home page to start finding out how I work. This expertise means that I can give exceptional value for your money, even compared to other resume services in the same price range. And the payback to you for that extra quality can be immense. All factors considered, I think “resumé” (one accent), though it has no historical basis, is the best spelling for this word when used as an essay writing for medical application, English word to what a cover, refer to a summary of writing for medical school application, someone’s qualifications for employment. Capitalism? This spelling has, in fact, become increasingly accepted over the last twenty or thirty years. “Resumé” in this sense is an English word, not a French one. It’s not pronounced like the French word.

And it doesn’t even have this meaning in FrenchFrench, like British and International English, uses the Latin term “curriculum vitae,” or “CV” for short. (Both terms have a narrower sense in the U.S.) With both its pronunciation and its meaning changed, “resumé” can well be said to writing for medical school, have become completely assimilated to English. Many other French words went the same route centuries ago, with the accents usually dropped. Since it’s not a French word (in this sense), the accents can be dispensed with unless they are necessary to show pronunciation. But in this particular word, the accent over the final -e is still necessary, to indicate pronunciation and to distinguish “resumé” from the verb “resume.” (In addition, the college paper, spelling with two accents is awkward in English because, in the English pronunciation, the first “é” stands for a different sound than does the second.) This is essay writing for medical school not a question the average job-seeker needs to sweat over. “Resumé” and marx essays, “résumé” are always acceptable. “Resume” is essay writing for medical school application very widely accepted too, though it should be avoided in fields where language skills are highly valued. Whichever spelling you prefer, make sure you use it consistently (except in the case of e-mailssee below).

But make sure you read the following important technical note: IN PLAIN TEXT IT’S SPELLED DIFFERENTLY . . College Paper? . At least in school application the U.S., accented characterslike the english, “é” in writing for medical school application resuméshould never be used in plain-text documents, such as e-mails and Web forms. Since accented characters are not part of the ASCII character set that is college english still a standard for much software in writing the U.S., they sometimes get converted to other characters or combinations of characters, and show up as nonsense characters on the recipient’s end. In these documents, “resume,” without accents, is safest. It’s also best to avoid using accented characters in filenamesespecially if you’re sending the files to thesis medical errors six sigma, someone else. HOW TO TYPE THE ACCENT. In Windows: In Word, you can type Ctl-' (that is, hold down the Control and apostrophe keys at the same time) and then press the ‘e’ key. In other Windows applications, use Alt-130 (that is, hold down the Alt key while typing 130 in the numeric keypad the all-numbers section on the right of most full-sized keyboards).

On a Mac: Press Option-e and then press the ‘e’ key. Unix systems are less standardized in this respect. Try Compose-e-'. If your keyboard doesn’t have a Compose key, you can probably map that function to for medical, an existing key, such as right-Alt. By the way, it’s an accent, not an apostrophe these are two completely different things. There’s one way to spell it that’s always totally wrong: with an apostrophe instead of an accent, like this: resume’.

If you spell it with no accents (resume), well, that’s the only way to spell it in thesis using six sigma plain text, and in other cases, the reader will assume that you can’t be bothered to type the accent. They may or may not downgrade you on writing school, that score. But if you spell it with an apostrophe instead of an accent, they’ll see that you don’t even know what the accent is. You don’t have to sweat over the spelling of “resumé.” But as a professional writer I have to make a considered decision about which spelling to use, and want to choose the best if one is even a little better than the others. On Reducing Medical Errors Using Six Sigma? When you start looking closely at essay, the question of how to spell the name of that vital piece of paper, it gets rather more complicated than most spelling questions are, because there are an unusual number of factors involved. In this case, sorting out those factors, weighing them, and working out the best balance between them is honors biochemistry a matter for painstaking thought by experienced professional language mechanics with some specialized linguistic knowledge.

I’ve had my shot at it, and the conclusions above are based on that effort. Essay School Application? In case you’re interested, I’ve written down the details below. THE WHOLE THING. The spelling with two accents follows the French spelling, but in the case of “résumé,” that spelling is problematic when used by master thesis on psychology English-speakers, for writing for medical school application reasons given below. Singapore? Omitting both the accents follows the normal English practice with assimilated foreign words, but this, too, is problematic in the case of this particular word.

The spelling with one accent, which offers a solution to both problems, seems to be a recent development that is increasingly accepted in essay writing for medical school English usage. Good English dictionaries in thesis biochemistry the past generally gave “résumé” as the reference spelling, and recognized “resume” (no accents) as well. For instance, “resumé” isn’t found in writing for medical school the first edition of the Random House Dictionary (unabridged, 1966) or the full Oxford English Dictionary (2nd ed., 1989). Errors Using Six Sigma? More recent editions of authoritative dictionaries ( Random House Dictionary , 2nd ed., 1987; American Heritage Dictionary , 3rd ed., 1992; and the Shorter Oxford English Dictionary , 5th ed., 2002) also recognize “resumé.” The fourth edition of the American Heritage Dictionary (2000) gives “resumé” as the reference spelling. The Shorter Oxford notes that the spelling “resumé” (one accent) is particularly associated with the sense of a summary of employment qualifications, which sense is “chiefly North American.” The pronunciation “REH-zoo-may” is standard in English regardless of spelling or sense. (French also places the application, primary stress on college english, the first syllable, though the stress is not as noticeable as it is in English.) Good writers don’t depart from historical spelling without some strong reason that is school widely recognized, and help singapore, then only in those rare cases where there is writing for medical application no stronger reason for retaining the historical spelling. The development of college paper, a consensus about essay writing for medical application such changes takes time, even when the questions are simple enough to should a cover contain resume, be decided by for medical application the accumulation of decisions made on the fly by knowledgeable writers. In the case of the word “resumé,” however, there are an unusual number of conflicting factors bearing on the question.

This complicates and slows down the evolutionary process. Conscious, detached thought, and a bit of research, are required to sort out the issues decisively. At the essays, same time, it’s not an essay writing for medical application, urgent matter even for most language specialists. So it’s likely that few qualified people have ever sat down and tried to master on psychology, weigh all the factors and find the best resolution to the conflicts. And in any case, it would take time for essay for medical school word to get around. Should Contain Resume? This, perhaps, is why “resumé” is only shown in recent dictionaries. (The article on “résumé” at http://en.wiktionary.org/ is a good one.

The postings I’ve seen on Web discussion forums only demonstrate the inadequacy of casual opinions on this particular questionwhether they come from laymen or, worse, from the second-rate professionals who are the source of most of the writings on language and grammar seen by the public. This includes some books that pass for style guides in some offices.) In the case of “resumé,” there is a strong reason for making a change from the historical spelling. As an English word, the spelling “résumé” seems inescapably awkward, given the actual English pronunciation of the word. Essay Writing School Application? That’s because writing two accents here gives conflicting cues to an English-speaker. With the English pronunciation, if the word is spelled with two accents, the thesis biochemistry, same sign represents two different sounds in writing for medical school application the same wordin the honors thesis, first syllable, ‘é’ is pronounced like the short ‘e’ in bet, in the third syllable it is pronounced like the long ‘a’ in “may.” (That sort of ambiguity, of course, is essay writing school application notoriously common with English spellingbut not within the same word, and help for assignment, not with written accents. Essay Writing For Medical School Application? “Résumé,” as far as I know, is the master thesis on psychology, only word used in English that presents an ambiguous case with written accents, so there is no group of similar cases that can constitute a generally accepted rule for writing school pronunciation. A native familiarity with English spelling doesn’t help us in the case of relatively recent foreign borrowings like this.) Furthermore, there is no strong reason for retaining the first accent in the English word. Except in foreign words and phrases (which are normally italicized in print), English never writes accents unless they are absolutely necessary to indicate pronunciation.

The first accent in paper “résumé” is not reflected in the English pronunciation. If it were, I’d say “ray-zoo-may,” not “reh-zoo-may.” (If I were speaking French, I’d say “hray-zoo-may.”) Someone reading “résumé” knows, of course, how the word is pronounced. But there’s still a hitch in the reading while the essay writing school, signs are interpreted. If there are too many little hitches like this, they add up to a document that is difficult to read, which distracts the reader from the content and creates a bad impression. Good writing eliminates such hitches wherever possiblebecause if they aren’t eliminated wherever possible, they quickly add up to bad writing. Therefore, when “resumé” is used as a fully assimilated English word, with a meaning it doesn’t have in French, we should feel free to dispense with the first accent. The second accent, however, is still highly desirable for the purpose of distinguishing “resumé” from the verb “resume,” and more generally for help singapore the purpose of indicating that, unlike most words in English with a final -e, the essay for medical school application, final syllable is pronounced. (That’s why proper English spelling requires that we keep the French accent on essays, in words like “café.”) Used in English for this purpose, “resumé” is not a partial (and therefore incorrect) preservation of the writing for medical application, French spelling. It is an thesis on reducing medical errors, ad hoc, unhistorical improvisation of the sort that has long been used in a few exceptional cases where historical spellings and normal spelling conventions yield results that are consistently felt as awkward even by practiced English-speakers. Another instance of such unhistorical improvisation that is sometimes seen is the spelling “uncoordinated” (with a diaeresis over the second ‘o’). Regular English spelling conventions call for essay for medical school “uncoordinated,” which, as with “coordinated,” suggests a wrong pronunciation (and makes an American think of light beer).

The usual device of thesis, a hyphen (as in “co-ordinated”) yields “unco-ordinated.” This looks even worse than “uncoordinated” since, especially if one is being historically conscious, only prefixes allow the essay application, option of hyphenation, because they are grammatically distinct. But unlike “co-,” “unco” is not a prefix. (As readers of Robert Burns know, it can stand alone as an help, adjective or adverbbut that’s Scots, not standard English.) “Unco-” in “uncoordinated” is, to be sure, a joining of two prefixes. But since combinations of two prefixes are somewhat unusual, and their separation from the main word by hyphens quite rare, “unco-,” when first seen, prompts the mind to try to interpret it as a single prefix, which leads to a dead end. Writing For Medical School Application? To avoid this hitch, the capitalism essays, spelling “un-co-ordinated” would be required, which is carrying things much too far. So the diaeresis is writing for medical brought in master on psychology instead, to signify that both the essay writing for medical application, first and second ‘o’ are pronounced. Lest I carry this treatise unco far, I will stop, and place further discussions in the following appendix, if anyone wants to go farther. It could be argued that, because English does put the primary stress on the first syllablein contradistinction to a cover contain, the verb “resume”the first accent therefore has some use for writing application indicating this pronunciation. I believe, however, that there is no real necessity for this. Subject to correction by specialists in English phonology, it seems to me that it’s natural for thesis on reducing someone starting to read the school application, word “resumé” to put the primary stress on the first syllable. That’s because in English, a three-syllable word with a secondary accent on the last syllable, normally (again, as it seems to me) gets the primary stress on the first syllable.

Stressed syllables within a word are normally separated by one or more unstressed syllables, making for a sort of underlying rhythm. (It’s on the basis of this rhythm that everyday speech improvises more subtle nuances of intonationjust as formal poetry does with its more rigorous rhythmic schemes.) In “resumé,” it would be contrary to habit to have the primary stress on the second syllable, immediately followed by the secondary stressand the accent on thesis using, the final syllable definitely indicates some stress there. So there’s no need to write an accent to indicate the primary stress on writing for medical application, the first syllable. English-speakers (or at least, American-speakers) only rarely use the borrowed French word in should letter contain for a resume its original, general sense, to mean “a brief summary” of whatever is being spoken of. For Medical School? If you do use it in this sense, I think it’s best to avoid ambiguity by treating the word as a foreign borrowing: spell it résumé , and perhaps italicize it as a foreign term. The anglicized pronunciation (“REH-zoo-may”), however, is marx capitalism essays still correct for for medical application this sense when used in English speech. Using the Frenchified English “RAY-zoo-may” is also an option, especially if it’s being thought of as a borrowed French word. Like most English “French,” it’s really a half measure. However, pronouncing the ‘r’ à la française would be going too far, if you’re speaking English.

English-speaking listeners who don’t know French well will think you have something wrong with your throat. Thesis On Psychology? Those who do know French well will think, quite correctly, that the hypercorrect pronunciation is an affectation. Office hours: MondayFriday, noon6 Central Time. Evening and writing for medical school application, weekend telephone availability by appointment or chance. Outside office hours, leave message: I’ll respond ASAP. Toll-free number available on request, for customers in U.S. Thesis? states outside Minnesota. Fax number available to for medical, customers on request.

All contents copyright 2017, Dezhnev Co., Inc. All Rights Reserved. Never go to help for assignment singapore, sea with two chronometers. Take one or three.

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alexanders essay Compare patterns of continuity and change over time, applying context of events. Compare the interpretation of historical events and sources , considering the use of fact versus opinion , multiple perspectives, and writing for medical school application, cause and effect relationships. Evaluate patterns of english paper, continuity and change over time, applying context of essay writing for medical school, events. Evaluate the college english, interpretation of historical events and sources , considering the use of fact versus opinion , multiple perspectives, and writing school application, cause and effect relationships. Construct research on marx capitalism essays, a historical topic using a thesis statement and demonstrate use of appropriate primary and secondary sources . (Reference RWSL Standard 1.8.8 Research) Compare the school, role groups and thesis on reducing errors six sigma, individuals played in writing the social, political, cultural, and economic development throughout world history. Illustrate how continuity and change have impacted world history. Belief systems and religions Commerce and industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography. Compare conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations which have impacted the history and development of the world. Evaluate how continuity and change have impacted the world today.

Belief systems and religions Commerce and college english paper, industry Technology Politics and government Physical and human geography. The Literacy Design Collaborative teaching task provides a blueprint for seamlessly integrating literacy and content standards in a rigorous, authentic classroom experience. After determining the discipline, course, and grade level, educators use teaching tasks built around predefined template prompts. The teaching task requires students to read, analyze and comprehend written materials and for medical, then write cogent arguments, explanations or narratives in the subjects they are studying. Honors Thesis Biochemistry! Throughout history, many military leaders have led conquests as a way to increase power and as a result have established an improved status in modern textbooks. Some of the most exceptional of essay writing for medical, these generals have been assigned the label of college paper, “great”. Historians often argue in comparing the greatest of these commanders and whether they deserve such reverence. One of the essay writing application, men that is always used as a standard-bearer is Alexander the Great, because of his success in battle and college english, the influence he had on those that followed. In this extended writing, students will answer the question of how “great” the young Macedonian king, Alexander, was as a military commander? In this extended writing task, students will read, analyze, and gather relevant information from essay for medical application, text(s) and write an argumentative essay.

Students will. Compare the roles individuals played in history Analyze the impact of Alexander the Great from a historical perspective Read, analyze and thesis medical errors using, gather relevant information from multiple texts Write an evidence-based argumentative essay including competing viewpoints. allies - person, group, or nation associated with another for a common cause or purpose. Hellenistic of or pertaining to the Greeks or their language, culture, etc., after the time of Alexander the Great when Greek characteristics were modified by foreign elements. legions - a large group of armed men. phalanx - a body of writing for medical application, heavily armed infantry in ancient Greece formed in close deep ranks and should letter for a, files. 350 minutes/7 days. Alexander the Great and Visionary Leadership. Journal . For Medical! July 2005: Print. Brown , Bryan. Alexander the Great: This Great Military Genius Changed the World. Junior Scholastic . A Cover Letter Contain Resume! 21 October 2005: 12-13. Print.

Carter , John. Alexander and Caesar. Livius. Web. 3 Mar 2011. http://www.livius.org/aj-al/alexander/alexander_t65.html. Dye, Lee. Study Suggests Alexander Not So Great. ABC News 19 June 2010. Writing School Application! Web. 3 Mar 2011. http://abcnews.go.com/Technology/story?id=97611page=1. Ravilious, Kate.

Alexander the Great Conquered City via Sunken Sandbar. National Geographic News 15 May 2007: np.. Web. 4 Mar 2011. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2007/05/070515-alexander-great.html. Various Contributors . Alexander The Great vs Napolean Bonaparte. Diffen, 9 September 2010. Web. Marx Capitalism! 3 Mar 2011. http://www.diffen.com/difference/Alexander_The_Great_vs_Napolean_Bonaparte. Suggested Instructional Strategies. The students will analyze and discuss the teaching task to identify what the task is asking them to do and to help students access background knowledge.

Sample student papers or texts will be used as models. Students will work with the teacher to interpret the Literacy Design Collaborative rubric. The teaching task, which is both relevant and essay, rigorous, engages students in subject specific reading, research, and writing. The teaching task requires the master on psychology, application of writing school application, content knowledge to capitalism essays, a new scenario. The teacher will engage students through reading and discussion, note-taking, and the development of essay application, a rough draft of the assignment.

Students will use active reading strategies (e.g., Talking to the text), discussion protocols (e.g., think-pair-share, Paideia/Socratic seminar), and writing strategies (e.g., peer editing, teacher modeling and guided practice) with appropriate scaffolds as they develop their final written product. Paper! The students will create an extended writing assignment which incorporates both their content understanding and text-based information. For Medical School Application! The Literacy Design Collaborative rubric will be used to provide feedback to students. Help! The Literacy Design Collaborative teaching task is school a tiered assignment. Individual tasks can be made simple or complex by varying the task demand, with up to three tiers of english, difficulty. For leveled tasks, teachers can choose to teach Level 1 (L1) alone or add demands to school, the prompt by including Level 2 (L2) and/or Level 3 (L3). Medical Six Sigma! Level 1 (L1) refers to the most fundamental levels of difficulty. Level 2 (L2) refers to a next step-up skill or cognitive demand.

Level 3 (L3) adds additional demand to application, the task in which writers are asked to make connections and use background knowledge. The teaching task is designed to help students apply subject area content through reading and writing. The teaching task might be sequenced toward the end of a content unit. The teaching task is an extended, multiple day classroom assignment. Prior to launching the teaching task in the classroom, a teacher should consider the college english paper, following questions: How much support will students need to essay for medical application, successfully complete the for assignment singapore, task? What parts of the process can be completed independently (during or outside of application, class)? What parts of the singapore, process represent new learning or substantial challenge and warrant direct instruction or guided practice during class? What content and writing school, vocabulary instruction and activities will be provided so that students are able to successfully complete the task? How will reading be scaffolded for thesis biochemistry, my students? (Read together? Read in groups?

Read independently?) What note-taking method will students use, and does that method align with the essay for medical, writing task? How will students make the for assignment singapore, transition from the reading to the writing? (outline, graphic organizer, etc.) What writing instruction is needed to help students write their thesis statements, organize their notes, embed quotes, and essay writing for medical, cite evidence? How will students receive feedback at honors biochemistry, various stages of the essay writing school application, writing process to make sure they are answering the prompt, their papers are focused, their ideas are fully developed with details, examples, etc.? The daily plan is flexible based on your students' prior knowledge, experience and skills in master reading, research and writing as well as their ability to apply subject area knowledge to a new scenario. Essay! The amount of time, in class instruction, and scaffolds needed can be increased or decreased to provide the appropriate level of challenge and support for students. Task 2 Template (Argumentation/Analysis L1/L2/L3): From a historical perspective, how “great” was Alexander as a military commander? After reading a variety of informational and persuasive texts, write an essay that addresses the question and marx essays, support your position with evidence from the text(s).

L2 Be sure to acknowledge competing views. L3 Give examples from essay writing for medical, past or current events or issues to college paper, illustrate and clarify your position. For Medical School Application! Task Engagement and master thesis, Analysis. The teacher introduces the essay writing school application, teaching task to students by linking the task to the class content that has been taught previously and to existing knowledge, skills, and interests. Master On Psychology! The teacher asks students to read the teaching task and make notes or discuss with peers things they already know about this issue or topic. Application! The teacher helps the students to understand the expectations of the help for assignment singapore, teaching task by asking students what they think a good response to the task might include and for medical school application, creating a classroom list. The teacher may share examples of the type of texts the students will produce (either actual student samples or commercially published texts). The teacher explains the thesis on reducing medical errors using six sigma, timetable and supports available for completing the task. The teacher has either preselected the texts or will provide access to research sources for students to select texts.

The teacher asks students to begin to record information about the sources (e.g., using notebooks, note cards, technology). The teacher may need to provide models or instruction on creating a bibliography or works cited. Essay Writing School Application! The students should identify author, title, publisher, date, and capitalism, any other needed information (e.g., volume, editor) A discussion about the essay school application, credibility or merit of sources may be needed. The teacher can provide students with all of the texts or offer students a list of acceptable sources from which to choose. The teacher briefly highlights each text with a summary to assist students in singapore making appropriate text selections.

The teacher asks the students to skim through each text to identify the genre, purpose, and essay for medical application, text structure. A teacher think-aloud explaining rationale for making certain text selections may be beneficial to students. The teacher provides or suggests that a note-taking method be used that is consistent with the expectations for the task and the type of writing (e.g., argumentative-pro/con t-chart). Students should be encouraged to refer to the teaching task so that their notes are relevant to the prompt. Students should be encouraged to include both textual information and their own connections and implications.

Students should continue to add to their bibliography or works cited. Teachers may need to teach or reinforce practices to promote academic integrity and to help students avoid plagiarism. The ability to use and credit sources appropriately shows respect for the work of others and adds credibility to a student's argument and/or research. The teacher assigns the marx essays, reading, research and writing, note-taking to students and provides instruction to support analysis and synthesis of texts. The teacher may ask students to reflect orally or in writing on key questions including: Which parts of the master thesis on psychology, text provide evidence that relates to the prompt? What historical or current examples did you notice that relate to the prompt? What is the text explicitly saying? What gaps or unanswered questions do you see? What competing arguments have you encountered or thought of based on the text (argumentative)? How do you know your sources are credible? Depending upon the needs of students in writing for medical the classroom, additional scaffolds may be necessary (e.g., whole-group reading and teacher modeling of note-taking, paired in-class reading, talking to the text, small group discussion).

The teacher may either provide students with print source options or make electronic texts available to them through the use of Web 2.0 tools (e.g., Wikis, Nings) or online library databases (e.g., EBSCO, ProQuest). The teacher uses discussion based strategies such as the Paideia/Socratic seminar or small group discussions to help students make connections between their research and notes and the teaching task. Developing a Thesis or Claim. Students write an opening paragraph that includes a controlling idea and sequences the key points that will be made throughout the writing assignment. The teacher may provide models of opening paragraphs and thesis errors six sigma, analyze them with the class. Students may provide feedback to each other on essay writing for medical application, their opening paragraphs. Students should compare their opening paragraph to the teaching task and assess whether the paragraph fully address the main points of the prompt (e.g., define and explain, compare, take a position) Students organize their notes into a graphic organizer or outline that establish a logical structure for should a cover resume, the assignment. An outline begins with the thesis or claim, sequences key points and for medical, includes supporting evidence from help for assignment singapore, texts.

Development of rough drafts. Writing School Application! Students begin writing their rough drafts. The teacher frequently checks in with students to answer questions, offer feedback, and marx essays, provide writing instruction as needed. Through planning, the teacher embeds opportunities for students to receive feedback on their writing prior to the submission of the final draft either through peer conferencing, teacher conferencing, or written teacher feedback. Students revise their drafts based on the feedback they receive. The amount of time needed for the development of rough draft varies and may include time during and outside of class. Completion of Final Draft. Students either self or peer-edit their papers for conventional errors and essay writing for medical school application, complete the final draft.

Assessment and Reflection. Capitalism Essays! The teacher uses the LDC rubric to assess the students' writing and provide feedback to help students improve their performance. Patterns in student performance guide further instruction. The rubric is structured to facilitate analytic scoring - the awarding of separate scores by readers for each of the seven scoring elements. Scorers should keep in mind that the for medical application, description of work quality within any particular cell of the rubric may still address more than one idea, and therefore may not match a particular essay perfectly.

The scorer must identify the descriptor that is the best match to a paper based on the preponderance of evidence. If the decision is truly a coin toss, the scorer should feel free to use the in-between or half scores. Thesis On Psychology! A variation of analytic scoring might be used in a situation in which the emphasis of instruction at a particular time might be on a subset of the seven scoring elements. For example, if instruction is focused on development and organization, then a teacher might simply award scores for essay for medical application, those two scoring elements. Holistic scoring is assigning a single, overall score to a paper. Analytic and holistic scoring rubrics look much the same. The holistic scorer's job is to pick the single score (1, 2, 3, 4) that corresponds to the set of descriptors for scoring elements that best matches a paper. Again, in-between or half scores can be used. Ideally, holistic scorers are thinking about all the scoring elements as they read papers, but over time they find that they can assign holistic scores very rapidly, yet still fairly accurately. College Paper! This is one of the advantages of holistic scoring. However, analytic information is not generated by essay for medical school application this method.

Score Recording and Feedback. It would be good practice for teachers to share the rubrics with students and honors, discuss criteria for essay writing for medical school application, success relative to biochemistry, the scoring elements. However, it is not intended that a clean scoring rubric would be attached to every paper that is scored in all situations. It might be more appropriate to attach score slips that list the scoring element names with blank spaces after them for the recording of scores (and a space for a total score, too, perhaps). A customized rubber stamp could accomplish the same. Analytic scores do provide useful information to the students since they reference descriptors in for medical application the rubric. However, nothing beats descriptive comments that are best written in the margins of the papers where they are most appropriate. Cut Scores for Proficiency Levels.

Scorers can readily compute a total score (the sum of the seven element scores) or an average score (that sum divided by 7). If translating scores to performance levels is desired, then the structure of the rubrics lends itself to the use of the following cut scores: LDC scores could be translated to grades contributing to students' course grades. How this would be done is an individual teacher's decision. Teachers could establish their own cut scores for biochemistry, letter grades or just re-label the writing, four performance levels as A, B, C, D. They could come up with their own way to convert LDC scores to english paper, numerical grades consistent with whatever numerical scale they use for other class work. Attempts to essay writing for medical school, address prompt, but lacks focus or is off-task. Addresses prompt appropriately and establishes a position, but focus is uneven. Addresses prompt appropriately and maintains a clear, steady focus. Provides a generally convincing position.

Addresses all aspects of prompt appropriately with a consistently strong focus and marx capitalism essays, convincing position. Attempts to reference reading materials to develop response, but lacks connections or relevance to essay writing for medical application, the purpose of the prompt. Presents information from reading materials relevant to the purpose of the prompt with minor lapses in thesis accuracy or completeness. Accurately presents details from reading materials relevant to the purpose of the writing for medical school, prompt to develop argument or claim. Accurately and college, effectively presents important details from reading materials to develop argument or claim. Attempts to establish a claim, but lacks a clear purpose. (L2) Makes no mention of essay for medical school application, counter claims. Establishes a claim. (L2) Makes note of counter claims.

Establishes a credible claim. (L2) Develops claim and counter claims fairly. Establishes and maintains a substantive and credible claim or proposal. (L2) Develops claims and counter claims fairly and thoroughly. Attempts to provide details in response to the prompt, but lacks. sufficient development or relevance to the purpose of the letter contain resume, prompt. (L3) Makes no connections or a connection that is irrelevant to argument or claim. Presents appropriate details to support and develop the school, focus, controlling idea, or claim, with minor lapses in the reasoning, examples, or explanations. (L3) Makes a connection with a weak or unclear relationship to argument or claim. Presents appropriate and sufficient details to support and thesis biochemistry, develop the focus, controlling idea, or claim.

(L3) Makes a relevant connection to clarify argument or claim. Presents thorough and detailed information to effectively support and school application, develop the focus, controlling idea, or claim. (L3) Makes a clarifying connection(s) that illuminates argument and adds depth to reasoning. Attempts to organize ideas, but lacks control of structure. Uses an on psychology, appropriate organizational structure for development of essay for medical application, reasoning and logic, with minor lapses in structure and/or coherence. Maintains an appropriate organizational structure to english, address specific requirements of the prompt. Structure reveals the reasoning and logic of the argument. Maintains an organizational structure that intentionally and effectively enhances the presentation of information as required by the specific prompt. Structure enhances development of the reasoning and logic of the argument. Attempts to demonstrate standard English conventions, but lacks cohesion and control of grammar, usage, and mechanics.

Sources are used without citation. Demonstrates an uneven command of standard English conventions and cohesion. Accuracy and/or appropriateness of language and tone is uneven. Inconsistently cites sources. Demonstrates a command of standard English conventions and cohesion, with few errors. Response includes language and tone appropriate to the audience, purpose, and specific requirements of the prompt.

Cites sources using appropriate format with only minor errors. Demonstrates and essay writing school application, maintains a well-developed command of standard English conventions and cohesion, with few errors. Response includes language and tone consistently appropriate to the audience, purpose, and specific requirements of the college, prompt. Consistently cites sources using appropriate format. Attempts to include disciplinary content in argument, but understanding of content is weak; content is irrelevant, inappropriate, or inaccurate. Briefly notes disciplinary content relevant to the prompt; shows basic or uneven understanding of content; minor errors in explanation. Accurately presents disciplinary content relevant to the prompt with sufficient explanations that demonstrate understanding.

Integrates relevant and accurate disciplinary content with thorough explanations that demonstrate in-depth understanding.

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This technology supports interactivity and collaboration creating a powerful virtual learning experience. The Graduate Certificate in for medical application, Executive and Professional Coaching involves completing a 15-hour graduate program over three consecutive semesters. The Curriculum is organized into three parts: educational, practicum and examination. The examination follows the end of the third semester. The educational component of the program consists of a series of learning modules organized into four main content areas/courses (see below). A learning module is thesis biochemistry a class that meets for four to six sessions during the semester.

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Advanced Core Competencies: a module included in the third semester class schedule devoted to understanding and practicing the ICF core competencies and ethical standards at a PCC level. All Graduate Certificate-seeking students will be required to coach others and receive supervision and feedback on their coaching. Students must meet minimum requirements for executive coaching practice in both individual and group supervised coaching practicum. Writing For Medical! In addition to master on psychology coaching others, students are also expected to essay coach and marx, be coached by peers for writing school, self and professional development purposes. To earn the essays, Graduate Certificate in Executive and Professional Coaching, students are required to pass a comprehensive examination that meets the standards set by writing for medical application, the International Coach Federation (ICF). OB 6350 – Introduction to Executive and Professional Coaching. Solution Focused and 4 Square Framework Coaching.

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Tuition for the Graduate Certificate in Executive and Professional Coaching is $900/credit hour, totaling $13,500. Tuition is billed by semester. For non-credit students, tuition is $12,000. For students who enroll as non-degree seeking in the graduate certificate program, there are several sources for long term educational loans based on the credit-worthiness of the borrower. For those who enroll as degree-seeking students, federal financial aid may be available. More information is available by contacting Paula Baxter, Executive Education Financial Services Manager: (972) 883-4114. Robert Hicks, PhD, Clinical Professor and writing school, Director. Robert Hicks is clinical professor of organizational behavior at The University of Texas at Dallas and founding director of the Organizational Behavior and Executive Coaching program in thesis on psychology, the School of essay writing application Management. He also holds an appointment as clinical professor in the Department of Psychiatry at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas. Dr. Capitalism Essays! Hicks is a licensed psychologist who specializes in industrial and organizational psychology.

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She is essay a professional certified coach (CPCC) through the Coaches Training Institute (CTI) in San Rafael, CA and a certified master NLP practitioner through NLP Training concepts in Dallas,TX. Currently a student in the Institute of Integrative Nutrition Coach training program in New York, NY, Geri is developing a niche in Legacy and Lifestyle coaching with an a cover contain for a, emphasis on helping people live their purpose with passion through social entrepreneurship while experiencing extreme well-being. Louisa Jewell is a speaker, facilitator and positive psychology expert who has facilitated thousands of writing for medical people towards greater flourishing both at work and in their personal lives. In 2012 Louisa founded the Canadian Positive Psychology Association, an organization that brings together leading-edge researchers and practitioners from across Canada to disseminate the knowledge of essays positive psychology to improve the psychological health of all Canadians. Louisa is a graduate of the Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) program at the University of Pennsylvania, led by renowned psychologist, Dr. Martin Seligman. Louisa is an instructor of essay writing school positive psychology at the University of Toronto and the University of Texas Dallas and regularly delivers webinars and workshops to educators and practitioners around the world. Her work has been featured in Forbes, The Globe and Mail, Toronto Star, Huffington Post, Canadian Living Magazine, Live Happy Magazine, Chatelaine, Psychology Today, Women’s Agenda, Toronto Sun, to name a few. She is a contributing author to the European Handbook of Positive Psychology, Positive Psychology at Work and english paper, Positive Psychology News Daily. Susan Klein, Master Certified Coach, Certified Mentor Coach, Certified Life Planner, is passionate about coaching! As part of the team that founded Coach U, she worked to help create what is considered one of the premiere coach training organizations in the world, and sat as a member of the advisory board for four years and was faculty for four years.

As part of the team that launched the International Coach Federation, Susan was on the Board of Directors for writing for medical school, three years, and was Program chair for the annual conference in college, 2002. Essay Writing School! She has been on faculty of the UTD Executive Coaching program since it’s inception. Since 1990, as founder and president of Success Technologies, Inc., she’s specialized in transformational business and executive coaching for on reducing errors using six sigma, managers, executives, small business owners and professionals. Susan’s specialty is coaching for Leadership Development. Application! Her client list includes AT#038;T, Lucent Technologies, IBM, Toyota, Hewlett-Packard, Pfizer, Merck, as well as radio stations, various small-mid size businesses and thesis, non-profits. She develops and conducts a cadre of writing courses and thesis, trainings for managers and writing for medical school, executives including: The Strengths Success System; Shine: the Workshop- Using Brain Science to Get the Best From Your People; The Emotionally Intelligent Organization-A Coach Approach; Coaching Skills for Leaders . English Paper! She is the author of a booklet titled Simple Tips for the Over- Committed, Over-Scheduled Person . She is a graduate of Carnegie Tech, Western Reserve University and Coach U. She has received three coaching certifications from Coach U. and the Master Certified Coach designation from International Coach Federation. Susan has an extensive background in radio advertising sales and management, and advertising.

Lisa Kramer, MSW, PCC is a professional coach, facilitator, and author. She specializes in leadership coaching with an emphasis on workplace relationships, coach training, and mentor-coaching. Lisa’s vision is a world inhabited by people who have the tools to be their own best coach. Along with Colleen Bracken, MSOD, PCC, Lisa is the co-creator of the Coach Approach leadership training program which has been a featured program at the Wharton School of the University of essay school Pennsylvania since 2009. Marx Capitalism Essays! She has coached leaders in various industries such as health care, education, non-profit organizations and manufacturing. Lisa’s clients describe her as a highly intuitive, deep listener who encourages them to be their best with a combination of gentle directness and essay for medical, powerful questions.

Lisa is on the faculty of the University of Texas (Dallas) Executive Coaching program and the Institute for Life Coach Training where she consistently receives excellent evaluations from participants. She is a credentialed Professional Certified Coach (PCC) by the International Coach Federation. She earned a Master of Social Work degree from the University of Pennsylvania. Utilizing evidence based coaching methods, Tom Krapu, PhD, PCC helps his coaching clients create relational impact across their organizations that lead to lasting business results. Whether it is managing up, collaborating with peers, or creating a powerful culture in college, their organization, Tom’s executive coaching increases your leadership agility and advances your career while serving the larger organization.

Tom Krapu, PhD, PCC has worked with individuals in their development for over 30 years and for medical, since 2001 as a coach, trainer and facilitator. Tom has obtained the PCC professional coaching certification from the International Coach Federation and honors thesis biochemistry, has coached over two thousand hours with dozens of leadership coaching clients. This includes mid and senior executive level leaders, company presidents and CEOs, and writing for medical school application, teams in the public, private and thesis, nonprofit sectors. His work has had an international focus including coaching engagements in Malaysia, South Korea and Japan, as well as across Europe and the United States. His executive coaching experience includes working with executives in diverse sectors of the essay school, economy from essays technology, to healthcare, investment, publishing, manufacturing, government and higher education. He is an Arbinger-trained coach licensed in Arbinger’s Results Coaching method and has been an Arbinger facilitator. Tom was a contributor to the book Anatomy of essay writing for medical school application Peace: Resolving the Heart of Conflict. Since 2001, Tom has been providing coaching and consulting services. College English Paper! He has helped organizations plan annual offsites that are engaging and create stronger more collaborative teams.

Tom participated in the 2010 Prism Award program at NGA, an ICF award recognizing coaching programs that produce outstanding business results. He has proven results at the individual, team and organizational levels. Writing For Medical School! Being self-employed since 1985 he manages three direct reports and runs his organization with a passion for results and world class customer service. Tom has been an adjunct faculty at several institutions of higher learning. Master Thesis! He currently serves as adjunct faculty providing coach training for the Institute for Life Coach Training.

Tom has reviewed manuscripts and presented for past ICF Research Symposia, presented in the research track for the international conference (Long Beach) and both served on and chaired the essay, ICF Research Committee where he advised on implementation of the should letter contain resume, ICF research agenda, vetted research proposals and helped develop the ICF Research Portal: ICF Research Portal. He served on the Education Committee in the role of co-chair of the research track of the conference committee for the 2011 International conference in Las Vegas. For Medical School! Within the ICF, Tom started the Coaching and Psychotherapy Communities Special Interest Group (SIG) and what should a cover for a, led that group for several years. In addition, he has collaborated with other coaches and presented on the topic of the distinction between coaching and psychotherapy at two of the ICF’s international conferences (Denver and Quebec City). Essay Writing! He has designed and delivers a full day continuing education workshop for help, mental health professionals on the coaching profession, including the distinction between coaching and psychotherapy which is also offered in his coaching mindset telecourse. Holly Williams is an executive and leadership coach committed to delivering innovative and cutting edge leadership coaching programs.

She blends the latest research on the neuroscience of leadership and change with coaching methodology. Holly also coaches executives and teams in the Fortune 500. Her leadership coaching of executives, groups of leaders, and teams occurs in writing, the context of the organization and its strategy. Her clients include Capital One, Mettler Toledo, Freddie Mac, and eTrade. Holly also has a strong background in management, operations, technology, and finance inside a Fortune 10 technology company. She has developed a core business curriculum for marx, a local Virginia community college, and was also responsible for application, business development and system integrator team agreements for a fast growing technology company. Holly’s credentials include MBA, George Washington University, Finance Concentration, Beta Gamma Sigma Honor Society; BA, Randolph-Macon Woman’s College, with honors; Georgetown University, Leadership Coaching Certificate; and PCC Certified by the International Coaching Federation.

Holly is also a member of the faculty of Georgetown University’s Leadership Coaching Certificate program. Her recent book, Being Coached: Group and Team Coaching from the Inside, was co-authored with Ann Deaton, also of the UT-D faculty. Lynn Meinke, PCC brings 30 years of experience in on reducing using six sigma, the human services industry, first as a registered nurse, then as a psychotherapist, to the profession of coaching. Lynn is a certified, professional coach for over a decade. She teaches coaching skills internationally with a focus on the development of essay writing for medical coaching skills for professionals in organizations. Should A Cover For A Resume! A frequent presenter at the ICF conferences, Lynn is a recognized expert on the subject of authentic coaching versus psychotherapy. She currently lives in the Philadelphia, PA area, where she has a thriving coaching business. Teresa Pool is the ACTP Director of Training for the Executive and Professional Coaching Program at the University of Texas at Dallas Jindal School of Management. Teresa is essay writing school application a Master Certified Coach, specializing in executive performance and business communication. Teresa is an thesis on reducing medical errors using six sigma, instructor, examiner and supervisory coach and has coached for the UTD’s Executive MBA Program since 2005. Writing School Application! She was 2004 President of the North Texas chapter of the International Coach Federation and continues to mentor developing coaches.

Teresa spent almost two decades in the global technology industry, leading organizations, coaching high-potential leaders, developing new services, and creating emerging market strategies. Teresa has coached professionally since January 2000. Her company, Transitions For Business, serves Fortune 1000 companies in multiple industries. In addition to coaching, communication training and thesis, strategic facilitation, she inspires change through her published articles, television and radio appearances, and two leadership guides: Focus in the Midst of Chaos and essay, Communication DISCovery. She combines her joint passions of problem solving and non-profit service to facilitate strategic board sessions and coach key leaders.

In 2013, she received the Chairman’s Award for Community Service. 2013 –Equine Facilitated Coaching, Coaching with Horses 2011 – Master Certified Coach program, Coaching Dynamics 2011 – Conflict Dynamic Profile Certification, University of Texas at Dallas 2010 – Winslow Certification, University of Texas at Dallas 2008 – Masters in Neuro Linguistic Programming, NLP Training Institute 2007 – Trimetrix Certification, Target Training International 2007 – Professional Values Analyst, Target Training International 2005 – Birkman Level 1 Certification, University of Texas at honors biochemistry Dallas/li 2005 – Professional Certified Coach, International Coach Federation 2004 – Professional Behaviroal Analyst, Target Training International 2003 – Coach U Certified Graduate 2002 – Certified Marketing Professional, SMU Cox 2000 – Franklin Covey Values Oriented Selling 1999 – Advanced Facilitation, EDS. Meg Rentschler brings 24 years of experience working within the healthcare industry to positively impact the ways that individuals and groups function together. In her work as an executive and business coach, she strives to help individuals and teams work more cooperatively and productively. Meg’s extensive experience within the field of psychotherapy has given her a strong background in understanding human interaction and behavior and has been invaluable to her coaching practice. Additionally, Meg has extensive experience in working with executive and essay writing school application, management teams in the worst of times. In her capacity as a Certified Critical Incident responder, she has intervened to marx capitalism re-establish stability and function following traumatic events in the workplace. Since beginning this work in 1992, she has responded to essay application over 200 critical incidents, including but not limited to what should a cover resume the trauma caused by accidents and deaths in the workplace, robbery, economic downsizing and natural disasters.

As a Licensed Clinical Social Worker and Associate Certified Coach, she helps companies grow their employees and leadership creating healthier work environments. Essay For Medical School! Meg’s experience stretches across industries, having worked with clients in transportation, technology, financial, healthcare and service industries. Meg graduated with her Master of Social Work from the singapore, University of Michigan and earned her Bachelor of Science from essay writing for medical application Michigan State University. She holds a Graduate Certificate in Executive and Professional Coaching from the University of Texas at Dallas and serves on the Board of the International Coach Federation-North Texas Chapter. Meg is capitalism essays a Certified Winslow Business Consultant, is certified in the 4-D system of essay writing application team building and is certified through the National Association of Productivity Coaches.